The initial symptoms of the tingling or pain brings on weakness, often leaves the person with GBS and family puzzled and concerned. This illness usually affects previously healthy individuals who have probably never experienced symptoms of this type before. The situation can be frightening, and given the progressive weakness is likely, respiratory failure is possible, and the outcome is unpredictable, their fears are grounded. Caregivers and the people with GBS should keep in mind that the outcome is usually good. Yes, there will be loss of muscle control, maybe even an inability to breathe without support but it helps if everyone involved knows they will eventually recovery.
Cardiomyopathy can occur from the lack of dystrophin on the heart muscles. Cardiomyopathy makes it difficult for the patient to breathe. The heart becomes weak and swollen. It is not able to pump enough blood throughout the body, which will cause life-threatening results.
It is a very dangerous and unfortunate disease that has no cure at the moment. There are ways to handle and slow down the disease process, and many people learn to deal with the disease. ALS is not one disease; it is a bunch of different types of diseases that lead to ALS. Anything from spinal injury to gene mutations that cause loss of motor skills is considered to be ALS. ALS may be suspected if there is gradual muscle weakness to muscle loss in 1 or more areas of the body.
(Leonard Hudson, Arthur Slushy). Respiratory Failure happens when tiny blood vessels surrounding the alveoli can not properly exchange carbon dioxide for oxygen. When observing a patient in Acute Respiratory Failure you will see restlessness, anxiety, sleepiness, loss of consciousness, rapid and shallow breathing, heart racing, arrhythmias, and profuse sweating. Some diagnostic test that are performed are capnography which is the monitoring of carbon dioxide, a sputum culture to identify bacteria in the lungs that maybe affecting the breathing, a chest x ray to determine if there are any respiratory problems, checking Pao2 and PaCO2 labs for impaired gas exchange, and oxygen saturation to measure the oxygen in the blood. NURSING DIAGNOSIS
Congestive Heart Failure Introduction The heart is like an engine, pumping blood throughout the body. Over time, when this pump cannot distribute enough blood throughout the body to meet its needs, it develops into a condition known as congestive heart failure (CHF). When the right side of the heart fails, the lungs cannot pick up oxygen due to the heart’s inability to pump enough blood to them. In contrast, left sided heart failure is related to the heart’s inability to pump an adequate amount of oxygen-rich blood throughout the body.
Mrs. Smith experiences symptoms of heart failure which seems to have been caused by her hypertension, which is poorly controlled, given the blood pressure of 158/98. Her symptoms relate to a reduction of cardiac output as evidenced by fatigue and weakness, depleting her cardiac reserve, and excess fluid retention from elevated end-diastolic pressure (dyspnea, exertional dyspnea, bibasilar crackles, peripheral edema, decreased saturation). The decreased cardiac output is evidenced in a HR of 92, and is possibly related to her memory loss as well. Her symptoms seem to be manifestations of left-sided heart dysfunction, given her complaints of fatigue and weakness. (Porth, 2015).
• Lung disease is usually manifested as obstructive lung disease due to bronchiectasis. Patients often develop difficulty breathing, cough, and wheezing. • Pancreatic disease manifests as recurrent pancreatitis, abdominal pain, diabetes, and malabsorption of nutrients. • Cystic fibrosis if often identified during newborn screening programs in the United States. Some cases are missed and present during older age.
It is either by the influenza virus itself or from a bacterial infection that starts because the individual is weakened from influenza. In general, pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs that can be quite serious or fatal. This is when the air sacs in our lungs become filled with liquid making it difficult to breathe. Poor breathing results in blockage of oxygen reaching the bloodstream which leads to the compromised ability of the cells in your body to work properly. In conclusion, without enough oxygen in our blood, the cells do not function properly and this can lead to death.
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome has many factors, stages and severities of the disease which could predict an outcome differently for each individual case. However if left untreated HLHS can be fatal. The left side of the heart is unable to supply blood to the rest of the body therefore the right side of the heart has to work harder to compensate for it. The right ventricle can support this circulation but will eventually cause right sided heart failure. Babies have two routes that can help support and carry blood between the left and right ventricles.
Specific testing such as stool samples, gastric contents, or even testing suspected contaminated food, should be done to verify a diagnosis of botulism; reported cases of botulism number less than two hundred worldwide yearly and is often misdiagnosed as stroke or
There are two kinds of liver failure: acute and chronic. Acute liver failure happens when liver cells are damaged and unable to function. Khokhar and Niazi (2012) defined Acute liver failure is a severe medical emergency causing from numerous insults
When someone is diagnosed with a life threatening disease, like cancer or IPF, they go through the seven stages of grief. Those stages are denial, guilt, anger, depression, the upward turn, reconstruction, and then expectance. For many, denial sets in quickly. They don’t believe that they are sick, and try to pretend that they are totally healthy.
Depending on how high your blood pressure is, you may experience: • Headaches. These may be mild, moderate, or severe. They may also be steady, constant, or sudden in onset (thunderclap headache). • Visual changes. • Dizziness.