The Congo in Africa was taken over and controlled by Belgium. Belgium 's ruler, King Leopold II, was the major influence of Congo being controlled by Belgium. The Congo is located in Central Africa and is a landlocked country. The country is one of the largest on the Africa continent. The Congo obtains three mountain ranges, a large river, and has a tropical climate.
They were told to mine minerals from the earth so the Europeans could make money. Any human does not like to be bossed around by other people so soon the Africans started to turn and fight the Europeans. This fights turned into wars and lead to a large amount of deaths for the African population. People of all ages wee murdered by the new killing machine, the machine gun. This is another reason why I believe humanity took a step back during this time
Consequently, violence became an element implemented by all European nations to retain control and subdue the population. However, in Leopold II’s Congo Free State the levels of violence and brutality were excessively high. As a protest against the cruelty and abuses conducted by the Belgian troops, Edward Morel, a British journalist and socialist, wrote “The Black Man’s Burden” in 1903. In this document, the author condemned the conditions of African people in Belgian Congo, reconnecting them to the presence of European
Stanley is an explorer who was famous for his exploration of central Africa and the Nile, he was associated with King Leopold II of Belgium. Stanley mapped the great Congo River and this was crucial because it was the gateway for central Africa to open up to foreign trade. King Leopold viewed the Congo as one of the vital transportation networks for the Europeans. Stanley had finally conquered the Congo River in the nineteenth century, He was financially supported by King Leopold, who secretly purchased the Congo and developed its infrastructure before anyone was aware of his intentions. King Leopold wanted diplomatic recognition of his Congo state.
Companies did this, because they knew that farmers could not buy their goods from other businesses due to the fact that there were not any others in sight. Despite the hardships, the farmers united to fight this growing problem. The farmers during the Industrial Revolution had only adapted to the aspects that benefitted them and fought against the features of this era that harmed them. For example, although the farmers became more social and reliant on each other, they were not making as much money as they were before. Because of the decrease in revenue, they created the Farmer’s Alliance and the Populist platform to fight the big
Kennedy too was convinced that Lumumba, with his ties to the Soviet Union was a threat. Mountz shared Kennedy’s view of Lumumba’s influence by sharing his quote: Lumumba would “continue to cause difficulties in the Congo whether he is in control of the government, in jail or released” (Mountz, 156). For this reason, Mountz states: “The Kennedy administration continued to plot against Patrice Lumumba, the self-avowed nationalist and ﬁrst democratically elected prime minister in the Congo, and employed bribery, blackmail, and threats in order to have Cyrille Adoula elected as prime minister in August
The way in which the colonies made enough money to support England was based off as the geography of the land and how conducive the use of agriculture and cash-crops would be. The different climates of the New England and Chesapeake created different economies for each. In New England, the economy was based on shipbuilding and fishing because of long winters and the rocky soil that was not fertile. New England colonies, founded by primarily large families, only had small family farms as a result of the climate and turned to trade and industry rather than agriculture. The lack of need for farming for the economy led to the abolishment of slavery, as it was seen as unnecessary based off the economy.
In addition, the U.S. contributed to the civil war by providing the Salvadoran military with weapons and arsenal, thus increasing the violence in the country and prolonging the war. David Beacon, argues that the displacement of immigrants is a direct cause of economic disturbances in their home countries that leads to high levels of poverty, which leaves these migrants no choice but to migrate to work for cheap labor (Beacon ---:73). In addition, Beacon argues that the U.S. further complicates immigration reform to keep immigrants vulnerable in the work force by not providing them rights or their ability to progress in the country (---:81). Furthermore, Beacon connects the labor vulnerability brought upon undocumented immigrants after they are displaced by their home countries due to economic distubances. As was the case
LEOPOLD II To be able to understand thoroughly Leopold II motivation in occupying the Congo, one essential question could help us: Why was Leopold II or Belgium interested in the acquisition of the Congo? A country in central Africa seventy-six times the size of Belgium (H.J. Blij and P.O. Muller, 1994). Over the years, many historians and academics have formulated several motivations and reasons to assist us in our research.
They achieve this through different contexts and experiences but the similar idea that all colonialism leads to the destruction of a civilisation in which the natives continue to carry the marks of history. Sometimes in April portrays the ongoing destructive presence of colonisation in Rwanda through challenging and expanding on the colonial narratives of racial superiority and identity. For centuries before the colonisation of Rwanda, its natives were all united and shared the same land, culture, religion. However Belgium colonisers imposed racial classification and exploitation between the two dominant tribes; Tutsis and Hutus. Hutus were treated as slaves which created deep resentment that fuelled the Rwandan genocide (United Nations, 2018).
The wealth they created mostly returned to Britain, the products they made were consumed in Britain. African slavery was considered “essential” to the sugar producing system. There created two major triangles of trade, which connected nations of the world Britain, Africa, West Indies and the New World. One important feature of these triangles is human cargoes. The documentary on Big Sugar by Brian McKenna supports Mintz’s ideas by revealing the dark side of working on the plantations, and the terrible working conditions that the labors (or slaves) back then had to suffer.
The pernicious act of severing and compiling hands also signified verification of the army’s efforts to halt any rebellious activity that may disrupt order. The army’s terrorization and brutality of adult and children, coupled with the infestation of European disease, exponentially decreased the Congo Free State’s population by millions. While these horrific events ensued in King Leopold II’s private colony, he aggregated a substantial amount of profit. With his expansive earnings, King Leopold II did not contribute a dime toward the natives that performed the grueling work; rather, he built extravagant buildings in Belgium for his own personal luxury. Author David Kenneth (n.d.) states that, “Leopold enacted laws preventing European traders from paying Africans currency in exchange for rubber” ensuring that the Africans became a poor, sick, and uneducated population (Resource Extraction section, para.
French Equatorial Africa, Ubangi-Shari-Chad, was rampant with the slave trade the seventeenth through nineteenth centuries. Prisoners of war and people captured by raids were commonly sold to Arab slave traders. France exploited the people of Chad by copying the Congo Free State, leasing land to private companies. These private companies had immense power and ability to wreak havoc in any way possible. Ruler Rabah Zubayr was a huge obstacle for France in the late 1890s.
They also found vast reserves of gold and diamond. Colonialism and imperialism affected African people through culture and territorial control. When the European came into Africa they destroyed Africa’s culture. In the nineteenth century Africa