The way one parent’s a child can either have a positive or negative effect on them. Both sources say that authoritarian and permissive parenting style are the least favorable. They also agree that authoritative is considered the ideal parenting style. Furthermore, both sources agree on the outcomes of each parenting style. The research deemed that higher stress levels causes authoritarian and permissive parent styles which, as a consequence resulted in poorer executive functioning in children.
Another study of adolescents in the San Francisco Bay Area also showed that authoritarian parenting style was linked with lower school grades (Dornbusch et al 1987). That means authoritarian style is not an effective way to help children seek for accomplishment. Indeed, other parenting styles are the better way to perform more outstandingly. Kingsley Nyarko (2011) suggested that there is a positive relationship between authoritativeness of parents and academic performance of their adolescent. These parents might have high expectation on children, but they will give appropriate support to them and praise them in response to good result.
Permissive parenting style is when parents tend to be lenient and may only step in when there is a serious problem. There may be few consequences for misbehavior because parents have an attitude of "kids will be kids." Permissive parenting is potentially a harmful style of parenting simply because permissive parents take on more of a friend role than a parent role. Few rules are set for the children of permissive parents, and the rules are inconsistent when they do exist. This lack of structure causes children to grow up with little self-discipline and self-control.
Verenikina, Vialle, and Lysaght (2011) found that permissive parenting approaching their children with easy going and very casual methods and having open communication and developed warmer relationship between them. Kang and Moore (2011) know that children who are brought by permissive parents tend to be more independent and faced less frustration. A study by Strage and Brandt (1991) found that children are also more likely will be involved in social behaviours and do not score in school, however they have higher confidence level, better social skills, and lower levels of depression than children who are raised by authoritarian parents. (Condry & Simon, 1974; Steinberg, 1987) noted that children and adolescents from permissive family are vulnerable to antisocial
With the aim of understanding the effects of parenting styles on social behaviour of children, I have studied many researches and realised that parenting style has a major role in a child’s social behavioural development. Parenting style is over all style or example we took from our parents in bringing up one's children instead of a particular choice taken at a particular circumstance. This pattern develops the personality of the child. There are two fundamental components of parenting style, one is responsiveness that is the amount you're willing to give freedom to your child and the other is demanding that is the way strict you are or dutifulness you require. While authoritarian parents are exceptionally strict and controlling, authoritative parents are much warmer and communicative.
Parenting styles usually do not go into full effect until the child can understand and react. According to Hibbard and Walton (2014), parenting styles are extended to two factors as to what parenting styles will teach their children. The two factors include: Demandingness, which is the standards or demands that are set by the parents. Responsiveness pertains to how the parents react and communicate with their children (Hibbard & Walton, 2014, pg. 270).
According to Hughes (2013), a lot of parents think the authoritarian is the best way to raise their children, but they do not know the authoritarian style has negative effects such as lack of self-confidence and more prone to depression. This means the authoritarian is not good to raise the children because it affect for their personalities and psyche. However, the parents who use authoritarian style, their children are successful in their school than other children (Marsiglia, Walczyk, Buboltz, and Griffith-Ross, 2007). This means there are positive and negative impacts of the authoritarian style. Even though the negative impacts of the authoritarian style are depression and poorer social skills, most parents use this style.
The children do what they want, they are not controlled by set rules and regulation in the house and more so they lack self discipline. Due to the pampering they are not able to form lasting relationships with their peers. The neglectful parents are the worst of the three in that; they don’t have time for their children, they at all times engaged in other activities and neglecting their children. The children are not controlled by any set rules and regulations and they learn most of the thing whether good or bad by themselves. Therefore as parents or those prospective parents need to make a choice of being a best type of parent who is ready to ensure their kids grow up in the best way
Each family has its own ideas of raising their children. Authoritative parenting, permissive parenting, and the balance out of both. Understanding the differences between these parenting styles can possibly influence parents to self-reflect on their own strategies and potentially make changes. Working as an au-pair for over a year now, taking care of a four year old, makes me see that my mother had a different parenting style than the family I work for now. Is authoritative parenting better than permissive parenting, or is a balance of both forms the better way to raise my future children?