Conscience And Conscience Book Analysis

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A Critical Study of Conscience and Conviction through the Work of Brownlee Tanisha Agarwal Institute of Law, Nirma University Abstract Kimberley Brownlee’s book Conscience and Conviction explores the nature of Conscience and Conscientious conviction and throws insight upon acts of civil disobedience, justifying them with innovative arguments. The book is divided into two parts- Morality and Law. The first part talks about morality of conviction and how civil disobedience is justified by a duty based moral right of conscience. The second part relates conviction to law and how civil disobedients have a moral right not to be punished. I will critically examine the main themes of the book through my own inputs and examples and by drawing comparisons from real life and works of notable philosphers. I will also try to challenge as well as appreciate claims that Brownlee makes in her book. While the book certainly discourses upon a variety of subjects which cover much more than conscience and disobedience, its chief and most important claims can be classified under three headings: i) it offers novel descriptions of conscientious conviction, conscience and also of civil disobedience which differ in significant respects from the traditional liberal characterization, ii) it creates the (moral) justifiability of civil disobedience and its status as a moral right, and iii) it establishes the justifiability of (qualified) legal exemption from criminal conviction for acts of civil
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