It would seem that ascribing existence to the computer engineer is seemingly logical but wrong, since he did not put thought into creating the computer code. However, it would be ridiculous to ascribe existence to the computer since we understand the computer to be a non-thinking thing. In this case, Descartes has to be forced to conclude that the cogito: I think, therefore I am, does not apply in this case, but he is also mistaken. The case applies aptly. For Descartes, when a man utters “I think, therefore I am” he is willing to concede that the man does in fact exist for knowing exactly what he is saying.
It is also able to give the brain false data in order to fool it to think that the person whose brain they have removed is still alive and functioning instead of being hooked up. Hilary Putnam, however, argues in opposition and is skeptical of Descartes 's theory. He claims that a “Brain in a vat” can only refer to what it sees. For example, if a “Brain in a Vat” sees a tree, it is not thinking of a tree, it is making a reference of a tree. He suggests that human are not a brain in the vat, in that, we do not consciously choose to think about objects or ideas, , but rather the computer is, instead, telling us to think of that.
It is a mistake to conclude that the Turing Test has proved that the computer can think. The Test is simply a way of deciding whether it appears to think about the task in question. If it does appear to think then we can say as a matter of definition that the computer displays artificial intelligence. To sum up, the Turing Test should be seen as a way of defining whether or not the computer displays 'artificial intelligence', not for deciding whether it actually thinks.
Instead, it uses the brain as a medium in order to receive indirect communication from the mind. The mind is the “brains of the operation”, and the brain serves to connect the mind to the physical realm. Again, there is no way to actually physically measure the mind that substance dualism speaks of. Since this is the case, it is very possible that the mind is actually the soul. The soul is a popular belief amongst modern society as well as in past societies throughout history.
Materialism is the idea that everything that exists is material. John Searle is a philosopher who questions if computers can think. Searle believes that both physical things and mental things exist. He believes that there are four mental features of human existence that need to be accounted for, these are consciousness, intentionality, subjectivity and mental causation. Searle has two interesting arguments for materialism.
Argument seven which is “Argument from Continuity in the Nervous System” compares a machine to a Homo Sapiens nervous system. A human nervous system consists of neurons that transmits information through electrical impulses. The nervous system is not a discrete state machine, but a tiny error can cause a huge difference in the information being sent out by the neurons just like how it works in a machine. Turing compares a discrete-state machine like a digital computer to a differential analyzer stating that a computer cannot predict what answers will a differential analyzer could give to a problem. Whereas, a human brain can make such predictions.
Zhu used a colloquial Chinese word ‘鼠賊’ to render ‘rat’, which avoid the problem Perng’s translation might have. In the latter part of the line, Zhu used ‘結果你’ as in ‘to finish you’, to bring the King’s life to an end. This word-for-word translation of ‘finish’ is not suitable. A better translation would be ‘結束你 '. The original meaning of that line is that Hamlet ‘bet a ducat that the King is dead.’
In order to perceive logic through the process of a rationalist it has to be fallacy proof and should be free from critical thinking. Biasness and emotions have no place in rationalism. People confuse free thinking and rationalism but the literal meaning does not connect them together. Free thinking is a non restrictive definition on the other hand rationalism is a restrictive
Neher wk 2, Ruth (1 day late – vacation) In this section, I am choosing China to do my research of the cultural dimensions. Individualism and Collectivism in China are not even considered. Individualism is about ones self and doing what needs to be done for yourself not others, based on independence. Collectivism is based on group goals rather than individual goals.
China took the very opposite approach. Most of the Chinese population was against any foreign presence or westernization and saw no benefit from it. China’s reaction to the situation was to completely ignore it and refuse to modernize or westernize. This reaction harmed China in many ways and as a result opened
First off, Watson reads in binary code, so can only function with straight answer questions or answer coming from an established database. Dealing with human emotions, intelligence, and theories is beyond the capability of its processing. Also, Watson cannot learn on its own. Due to the fact Watson is fully programmed, any processing mistakes must be fixed by human programmers (although quantum
However, this artificial intelligence possesses no understanding of anything, rather it follows the rules of grammar to mimic language. Furthermore, this form of ‘intelligence’ is merely one that responds to language through recognizing the rules of language rather understanding the significance of the words itself. Such as John in the Chinese room. This AI recognizes groups of particular words that fit best together, in order to respond (Wamsley 80, 81). From recognizing these symbols, it can give a response equivalent to that of a native speaker.