The constitution guards against tyranny through federalism. Federalism is when the power of government is shared between a central government and state governments. “The different governments will each control each other at the same time each will be controlled by itself” (Madison, 1788). These two governments compete for power with each other instead of trying to take it from the people. Federalism is the first way the constitution guards against tyranny.
The first method the Constitution protects against tyranny is Federalism. Federalism is the division of power between state and national government. In Document A it interprets that the governments will each have a portion of power and not be able to have all the power. This evidence helps explain why the Constitution guards against tyranny because Federalism will allow both governments to have limited powers. Another method the Constitution protects against tyranny is Separation of Powers.
The Executive Branch, unlike any other, has a chief or leader that the people vote for, the President. The President can veto laws or bills, but Congress can still override this veto with a two-thirds majority vote. When the President’s tasks are not carried out, Congress can impeach the President or accuse the President of crimes. If found guilty, the President could have his or her job taken away. According to my Social Studies books, “The President’s main power however, would be to make would be to ‘take care that the laws be faithfully executed.’ If this duty was not carried out, Congress could impeach the President, or accuse the President of crimes.
Reserved powers include providing police and fire protection, establishing schools, hold elections, pass marriage and divorce laws, and regulating business within the state. Both the federal and state governments have some exclusive power of their own while sharing other powers also. Powers given to both of the governments is the power to collect taxes, build roads, establish courts, make/enforce laws, etc. Federalism is one of many characteristics that have allowed the Constitution to be prosperous for many years because it divided the powers between the central government and the state
In document C there are the 3 branches of government and arrows pointing from one to the other telling us how each branch checks one another. Some of these are, the president can veto different laws if he does not like them, but Congress can override this veto and pass the law anyways if they have a majority vote to override it. The Courts can declare acts of either branch as unconstitutional. Congress can also impeach members of any other branch and can remove them from office. All of this means that whatever one branch does, it must go through the other two so no corrupt laws can be passed.
The Constitution protected the people from tyranny by federalism, checks and balances, and equal power between the Senate and House of Representatives. One way the Constitution guarded against tyranny is federalism. As stated in Federalist Paper #51, by James Madison, he states that “ In the compound republic of America, the power surrendered by the people is first divided between two distinct governments… the different governments will each control each other, at the same time that each will be controlled by itself.” Federalism prevented tyranny because neither the central government or the states had too much power. This is important because the power would be split between the two. For example, things that would happen in the state would be reserved for the state such as holding elections, establishing schools, and passing marriage and divorce laws.
The new government, the Constitution, is now able to enforces taxes, which allowed money to come in and the government was able to pay off their debt. One other weakness of the articles was that it gave all power to only one house of representative from each state, the constitution try to solve this matter that creating three separate branches of power, the Legislative branch, Executive branch, and the Judiciary branch, allowing the power to be more divided. Representation was another problem in under the Articles of Confederation because a big state like Massachusetts and a small state like New Jersey both have the same amount of representatives, the Constitution made a compromise by forming two house in Congress the Senate, where each state get equal representation, and the House of Representatives, where each state is represented by the population of the state. The Constitution also fixed the problem of passing a law; under the Articles of Confederation, laws can only be passed if 9 out of 13 representatives agrees on the law because of this not much laws were passed, now under the Constitution only 51 percent of the votes to pass the law. From this readers can infer that the Constitution fixed many of the defects in the Articles
Its main purpose is to give our government a solid direction, and to describe the roles of the three branches in our government: The judicial, legislative, and executive branches. There are 3 ways the constitution has guarded us from tyranny: Equal Representation from all the States, Federalism, and the system of checks and balances. The first guard against tyranny was Equal Representation from all of the states. This means that each state will have certain amounts of senator’s. The bigger the state, the more senators.
Federalism guards against tyranny, so does the separation of powers, checks and balances, and the House of Representatives and the Senate. Each guard in different, unique ways. All of them do the same job to guard against tyranny. Federalism divides the government into the state and central governments. The division of powers gives each branch of government equal power, while checks and balances allows each branch to check each other.
The debates emerged throughout all the states on whether the new Constitution was an improvement on the Articles of Confederation. Most members of Federalist were the Elites. According to Hamilton in Federalist #30, the first objective of the Constitution was to unify the states into one unified nation to which the federal government would provide an absolute power to support the national forces, civil lists, and currency (Document B). Without these three fundamental factors, the government would lack the capability to control violence and damage caused by factions. The state government had failed to succeed in solving these problems (Document A).