Despite the disputes and controversies its potential capacity of regulating moral conflicts in a modern world is underestimated. Society is in the position to implement this strong moral act to show that there is no way to escape the consequences of wrongful deeds. The benefits of elimination of dangerous criminal elements, deterrence, reduced incarceration, shortening of sentence expenses and the safety of the community are the result of capital punishment implementation. . Even though, changes should be introduced to the system of penalty to adjust it to the needs of each particular community, it is still one of the most effective measures of combating and prevention of the crime.
Retributive theories of justice argue that punishment should be imposed for the crimes committed and the severity of the punishment should be proportionate to the seriousness of the crime. More than often, retributive punishment is confused with ideas of vengeance. It is generally argued that in case of retributive punishment, no limit can be set for revenge which thereby makes such revenge personal whereas the person administering such punishment may well have no personal connection with the victim. An affordable alternative to the retributive justice system is the restorative justice practices which can be considered unique in its emphasis on not just one component of the criminal justice system such as punishment, but as incorporating victims,
However, rule non-consequentialism explains that people should follow the rules that are the basis of morality where the consequences are given less importance. But there are criticisms for both standpoints. The use of the teleological perspective for decision making has many strengths and weaknesses. This perspective is practical as it allows us to look at the situation and evaluate the action which would be most tender, the consequence of this action, and the motivation behind the action (Emily D, 2015). And the teleological perspective or approach takes into account the difficulties of the life of a police officer and attempts to base the decision of whatever will result in the consequence.
In 1829, as an alternative to military intervention and private security to keep law and order, Sir Robert Peel established nine principles of law enforcement, the so called ‘Peelian Principles, that contributed to define the basic mission of the police: keeping law and order, reinforcing the sense of safety, and preventing crime. Today, the principles still guide police work and form the basis for a relationship of trust between the police and the communities it serves. Modern policing is based on refraining from unnecessary repressive actions and on establishing a close relationship with the community in which the police operates; a close analysis of the principles demonstrate how they translate into modern policing. In reviewing Peel 's Principles of law enforcement all nine principles remain largely at the core of modern policing. The first principle explains the basic mission and role of the police “to prevent crime and disorder.” This principle is still valid today as law enforcement officers are still actively engaged in preventing crime and maintaining order in the community.
It is made even more disturbing upon recognizing that these biases are not, as is often believed, seen only in consciously racist individuals, but even in people who believe themselves to be neutral and objective. It would be simplistic to pin police brutality and racial violence on racist actors - that would imply that institutional racism could be remedied by removing such officials from the system. However, acknowledging these ingrained biases and understanding their impact is crucial to recognizing that the system is itself inherently biased, and that a neutral and objective institution of law enforcement can only be created when the emphasis is placed not on racists, but on the construct of racism
Since house arrest allows the individual to reside in their residence with of course rules to follow, but they are in their comfort zone. While community service allows that person to really see how the world is functioning and how their actions cause a tear in people’s lives that they do not even know. 4 Should community service always fit the crime, or should these sentences be based on the needs of the community? Explain. Even though some judges have made community service fit the crime it did not sound like it was benefiting the community.
In social disorganisation theory, there is an attempt to locate the gang as ‘external’ or the ‘other’ which is undesirable and must be eliminated. Sanchez-Jankowski recognizes the gap in such an understanding because he saw the gang as a subjective system which gave residents an understanding of their neighbourhood’s social world, a sense of pride in belonging to their speciﬁc social fragment, a greater sense of solidarity within their group, a
Authorities have proposed that focus should be on the human element. Simply put human values and morals need to be addressed of course in conjunction with good, transparent governance and administration systems (Madonsela, 2010). Zondi (2012) agrees with the public protector with regards to the need for an ethical solution to deal with corruption. This comes after the realization that there is a lack of serious commitment to ethical behavior by public officials, business people and the general public as these actors directly and indirectly by lack of commitment perpetuate corruption. The corruption tolerance levels of the community members can be a force for or against corruption (Madonsela, 2010).
This research paper will analyze the importance of nonverbal communication within the field of law enforcement. The idea of this research is to show that nonverbal communication always exists between a police officer and a suspect. At first, it will be important to explain what is nonverbal communication, so a little introduction will explain where it is possible to find signs of nonverbal communication (for example the way someone stands or sits, his gestures and his facial expressions). Then, the goal will be to show the relation of authority between a suspect and a police officer, to know what is a real lie (S. MANN, A. VRIJ, R. BULL), and to detect lies even when there are almost no movements. In order to write this paper properly I will
The central idea behind Jean Hampton's Moral Education Theory of Punishment (MET) is that it is best to educate criminals on their wrongdoings without handing down any physical punishments or ramifications. Hampton believes that excessive harm is not a moral response to a crime committed by a person. Rather, she argues that the point of basic punishment is to teach the wrongdoer that the action they did or wanted to do is forbidden, on the basis that it is morally wrong according to society. Therefore, according to Hampton, it is much healthier to educate criminals rather than handing down difficult physical punishments, which simply hurts the criminal and can be unproductive. To elaborate, Hampton proposes that any form of punishment is justified