In order to understand our statistical data, we must first accurately grasp the definitions of gentrification and displacement. Gentrification means a demographic or physical change that conforms to the middle class. The financial definition of middle class means that a single individual or household makes between $50k-120k annually. Uniquely, displacement is the removal of something or someone by something else that takes their place. In our case, looking at gentrification in the San Francisco area within the last 10 years will possibly birth an explanation as to why Artist displacement is/was on the rise.
The demolition of the housing in Lincoln Park was referred to as the “Major Urban Renewal Project” (Bennett, 2005). From the 1950s to present day Lincoln Park is constantly undergoing gentrification. Lincoln Park and Lake View both experienced a rapid increase in gentrification activates in the 1990s and the early 2000s. Lincoln Park was once seen as a neighborhood of immigrants where working class Americans raised their families. Now Lincoln Park is seen as a fancy neighborhood with new restaurants, trendy stores, and young professional.
On June 6th, 1978, nearly two-thirds of California’s voters passed Proposition 13 which reduced property tax rates on homes, businesses, and farms by about 57%. The tax rate prior to Proposition 13 was averaged about 3% of the market value, but there were no limits on increases for the tax rate. Many of the properties were reassessed 50% to 100% in just one year and their owners’ property tax bills increased as well. Under Proposition 13 tax reform, property tax value was rolled back and stabled at the 1976 assessed value level. So no property tax on any given home, business, or farm could increase more than 2% per year but only if the property was not sold to a new owner.
The period from 1877 to 1920s economic, political and social crises hits the American society. During this period industrialization significantly impacted people 's lives in a variety of ways. The booming industries transformed America into urban culture. However, this transition came with complex social, economic and political challenges. Living conditions of workers, housing, transportation, epidemic, an environmental problem emerged with the growing industries and urbanization in the country.
Forces such as immigration, industrialization, and the populist party during the time e=were the foundations that led to the progressive era reforms which impacted the American Government greatly in its democracy and in its activeness and involvement in businesses an so on. The progressive era reforms is quite similar to the New deal era in the 1930s, they each produced a record amount of programs and policies that worked to change the status of Americans living in poverty, which included their working
Similarly, another significant population change within Inglewood took place during the 1960s, where a large number of the African American population began to live along its eastern borders (Waddingham 59). Additionally, the Hispanic population increased up to 134% percent since 1980 (Rae-Dupree 1). Both African American and Hispanic communities chose to reside in Inglewood because of its inland location, thereby making it much more affordable compared to other areas (and desirable for their pockets). Because of the migration of these two communities, the White population “dropped from nearly 21 percent in 1980 to 8.5 percent in 1990” (Rae-Dupree 2). This pattern of white flight steadily continued as the White population declined from 4% to 2.9% in 2010 [Figure 1 here].
Urbanization is one of the most lasting features caused by the revolution, and its effects can still be seen these days. The trend that can be seen almost anywhere around the world of a higher number of people living in cities than the countryside all started in the Industrial Revolution era. Urbanization is when the population of a certain area move from the rural to the urban area in
The conclusions of gentrification has shifted in recent years, whether it stands for its moral or corrupt. In the course text from the Sharon Zukin’s article, “Naked City: The City That Lost Its Soul”, argues that gentrification is often detrimental to low income/longtime residents, destruction and the end of old authentic neighborhoods. Zukin argues, based on the facts on white-collar men and women have taken up all space, development of new residents and creating a cultural/economic barrier between rich and poor, young and old. Vice Versa, according to recent studies and new formulas of gentrification, it is an effective urban planning strategy because it minimizes the growth of slums, prevents crime and causes growth in the economy. Therefore,
From 1945s to 1960s, there were immigrations in and out of urban areas. Young and middle-class families moved out the urban areas and black populations moved in the urban areas, which changed the social classes and created racial problems. From 1960s to 1970s, racial problems and poverty continued increased in the urban areas, and people from middle-class families continued moved out the cities. Meanwhile, the idea of deindustrialization appeared. In the 1970s because in cities like “Pittsburgh, Newark, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Cleveland and Detroit, have for some time now been forced to contend with deindustrialization and its attendant problems of factory closure, unsightly and dangerous derelict and vacant land, high unemployment and poverty and outmigration and depopulation” (Boyle, 224,225).
According to the Hong Kong Housing Authority, as at December 2016, there are around 148000 general applicants for Public Rental Housing and the average waiting time is 4.7 years. This shows that a large amount of people are suffering from the housing problem and the high land rent. According to Charles Chan, the managing director of Savills Valuation and Professional Services stated that using just a few percent of the country park land is enough for 10 years of housing supply. This shows that developing country parks can significantly increase the housing supply of Hong Kong in the long run, shortened the waiting time and can alleviate the housing problem in
Introduction Most communities define capital improvements as major public expenditures, usually in the purchase of equipment, land for public purpose, construction, and renovation of public works facilities. For the city of South Gate, capital improvement projects and programs contribute to the quality of life for South Gate residents. The CIP projects undergo a planning cycle; budgeting, design, construction, equipment acquisition, and debt service. The UPRR Upgrades at Firestone Boulevard and Atlantic Avenue Project (City Project 364-ST) is part of the City of South Gate’s Capital Improvement Program, which includes $80 million dollars of improvements. The project timeline for construction is scheduled to begin in late April 2015 and is expected to be completed during the fall of 2015.
The Philadelphia Coalition for Affordable Communities defines Gentrification as “The transformation of low-income and working class neighborhoods, driving up housing and other real estate prices and causing the displacement of long-term residents, businesses, and institutions.” The house in Logan, Ogontz, and Fern Rock very inviting to renters and new homeowners, within the community and outwards.The Logan, Ogontz, and Fern Rock community have the lowest rent asking prices, which are 9% lower than the national average.The Logan, Ogontz, and Fern Rock community have the lowest home prices, which are 50% lower than the national average.The gentrified communities of North and South Philadelphia have seen the heights stream of housing prices
Studying the effects of gentrification are vital to the future of the NBT. What will the NBT look like in the next twenty years? That is a question that heavily relies on the future socioeconomic demographics of Harlem. The block that NBT is located on has a median income below $20,000 a year, and on the other corner of the NBT it jumps by almost $50,000. Our study also included the new development in the area that controlled the allowed height on 125th street.
These resources will give you the information you need to prepare: http://www.douglas.k12.ga.us/ http://www.privateschoolreview.com/georgia/douglas-county City Resources Make your relocation easier by keeping these important resources close at hand throughout the process: Voting and Elections Electric Service Water Service Weather Housing Information The median home in Douglasville is 15 years old and valued at $94,600. This makes homes both younger and cheaper than the United States average. Home appreciation over the last 12 months has been high at 16.4 percent. Forty-two percent of homes in the city are owned, 43 percent are rented, and the remainder are vacant . Resource: http://www.bestplaces.net/housing/city/georgia/douglasville Employment
Luxury and Consumption: The seventeenth and Eighteenth century Consumer society The 17th and 18th century was a period marked by the availability of exotic goods through the inflow of American raw materials, exotic goods and the access to Asian consumer societies. Europe suddenly had access to rarities, which opened up a new consumer market. This transformation was mainly attributed to the rise of competing European East India Companies and private trade making a vast amount of goods available not only for the rich and the middle class, but sometimes also for artisan workers (Trentmann, pp. 180-184, 2012). In the Middle Ages, sumptuary laws were imposed by the European governments in order to prevent citizens from presenting themselves in an opposing way not related to their social status and therefore prohibiting them the consumption of luxury articles (Trentmann, p. 185, 2012).