The New Charity Report states, “Girls under the age of 15 are 5 times more likely to die in pregnancy than women in their 20’s, and that babies born to younger mothers are also at a greater risk.” It also states, “ Worldwide, complications in pregnancy are the “number one killer” of girls and young women aged 15-19, the report says, adding to that 50,000 teenage girls and young women die during pregnancy and childbirth every year, in many cases because their bodies are not ready to bear children” (NP, World Health Organization). Pregnant teens also have a higher chance of becoming anemic, which can affect the baby’s development. Teen mothers are more likely to have premature babies and depending on how premature the baby is, it can
The teen birth rates vary in different areas such as age, ethnic groups and region of the country. Birth rates are higher in Hispanic and African Americans. Although Hispanics have the highest teen birth rates, they have decreased over the years. The affects teen pregnancy has on your life varies from emotional crisis, academics, relationships with the baby’s father, discrimination, and financial issues. It can be devastating but once it happens, there in no going back.
But the ageing population of European countries, in recent decades, is due to the relatively high birth rate in first quarter of the century, coupled with the decreasing rate of mortality in all age groups. The broad decline in fertility resulting in a process of population ageing, which occurs at a rate that does not correspondence in the history of most countries already aged and has significant social implications. Due to the differences in mortality due to gender, ageing tends to assume a greater dimension in women. Moreover, for a certain period of time, the changing age structure has a declining demographic dependency ratio, setting a time line for a breath-making to face a dependency ratio which again grow without, however, earlier levels, but transforms from young dependence in elderly. The concern with the quality of life in old age gained importance in the past 30 years to the extent that the growth of number of older people and the expansion of longevity became an experience shared by an
Love can happen everywhere every ages of life. Romantic relationship on adolescent risk for high divorce more than adult age because of low maturity, lack of social skill and emotion control. Adolescent is the age of curiosity. They like the excitement and emotional unstable, easy cause a complicate and unstable relationship. According to teenage pregnancy statistics from a study done by centers for disease control and prevention, about 48% of those who marry before age 18 are more likely to divorce within 10 years of marriage.
The unemployment rate of black is two times greater than unemployment rate of white (Fields and Weller, 2011). In 2011, the black unemployment rate was equal to 16.1 percent, while it was just 7.9 percent for whites (Fields and Weller, 2011). Schnurer (2014) states that “Giving more people a shot at economic success produces greater gains for society because more people are contributing”. According to World Bank research findings the main reason for languishing economy in Arab countries is exclusion of women from economic contribution (Schnurer, 2014). The second example of unequal distribution of income in the US is inequality between income of college graduators and non-college graduators.
Reduction of infant mortality in children of educated mother was through increased use of maternal and child health (MCH) services (Gokhale MK1, 2002). The literacy level of women in the reproductive age group (15–49 years) in India is just 55%. Illiteracy in mothers doubles the IMR. The rate of antenatal care and institutional delivery is higher in women who are educated (A Chatterjee, 2011). Perhaps the lower incidence of mortality rates in literate women results from a combination of the factors like better assertion of fertility choices, antenatal care, care of the new born and the accessibility to health
INTRODUCTION The worldwide rate of cervical cancer has come down to two-fifth of what it was 50 years ago, mainly due to effective Pap smear screening1. However, 75% of the new cases are reported to occur in the developing countries, mainly due to ineffective screening programmes or lack of awareness. It is the most common neoplasm among Indian women and accounts for 20–50% of all cancers in India and 80–85% of female genital cancers in India2. India has significant socio-demographic risk factors and unhealthy clinical findings for cervical carcinoma. With modern methods of cervical screening like liquid cytology, the effectiveness of Pap smear, a screening modality of lower sensitivity, is now in question.
The gender gap in education has been markedly narrowed. In 2014, the net primary school enrolment rates of boys and girls were both 99.8 percent, meaning that China has achieved the United Nations Millennium Development Goals ahead of time and the proportion of female students various levels of education is at least 46.7 percent. The state has set up special funds to reduce the number of illiterate women. In 2013, the illiteracy rate for females at and over the age of 15 was 6.7 percent, 17.4 percentage points lower than in 1995. Women’s average years of schooling have increased, and the gender gap has narrowed.
Bad for the Mother Common medical problems among adolescent mothers include poor weight gain, pregnancy-induced hypertension, anemia, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and cephalopelvic disproportion. Later in life, adolescent mothers tend to be at greater risk for obesity and hypertension than women who were not teenagers when they had their first child. Teen pregnancy is closely linked to poverty and single parenthood. A 1990 study showed that almost one-half of all teenage mothers and over three-quarters of unmarried teen mothers began receiving welfare within five years of the birth of their first child. The growth in single-parent families remains the single most important reason for increased poverty among children over the last
This is a great increase, but there are still 46% of woman who go for their first check-up at 20 weeks of being pregnant. These mothers are not educated enough about the importance of having medical check-ups, which could result in their baby having a Vitamin A deficiency. Poverty is the basis of many socio economic issues in South Africa. It acts a beginning step towards many more issues, including AIDS, corruption and