Consequentialism: Jeremy Bentham And John Stuart Mill

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Consequentialism Consequentialism in which the basic code is that everyone must act in ways that bring about the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people. Happiness is the vital good that all creatures are seeking. This theory is powerfully based on the English philosophical tradition of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill: every action ought to be weighed by the consequences it has. Deontology Deontological theories put the prominence on the character itself, and not on its effects. The right or wrong of an action is the intrinsic spirit of an action. When the principle of an action can be universalized, the action is good. So, some actions are always good or wrong, no matter what the consequences are. Examples of…show more content…
If a man kills someone than in consequentialism the rightness or wrongness of killing must be explained by its consequences : if it has good consequences then it may be right to kill on the other hand ,if has bad consequences then it may be wrong to kill while in deontology the rightness or wrongness of killing cannot be explained simply by its consequeces.The action of killing is wrong in itself, independently of whether they have good consequences. Relativist vs. objectivist According to ethical relativism, whatever you think is right for you really is right for you, and no one can tell you any differently. while ethical objectivism there are such moral values and rules that require one to be honest, just , faithful, among others and such other rules requiring one not to steal, kill, torture. This is evidence that moral values are universal and relative to an individual. Ethical objectivism has an aspect of universality of moral values and rules whereas ethical relativism confines moral values to the individuals and the…show more content…
A code of ethics document may outline the mission and values of the business or organization, how professionals are supposed to approach problems, the ethical principles based on the organization 's core values and the standards to which the professional will be held. ACS code of Ethics As an ACS member one must uphold and advance the honor, dignity and effectiveness of being a professional. This entails, in addition to being a good citizen and acting within the law, ones conformance to the following ACS values. 1. The Primacy of the Public Interest: You will place the interests of the public above those of personal, business or sectional interests. 2. The Enhancement of Quality of Life: You will strive to enhance the quality of life of those affected by your work. 3. Honesty: You will be honest in your representation of skills, knowledge, services and products. 4. Competence: You will work competently and diligently for your stakeholders. 5. Professional Development: You will enhance your own professional development, and that of your
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