From articles, people can infer that as an instinctive response, dealing with a situation in a quick manner, that goes without thinking leads to an altruistic result. From philosophical theories, people can understand that altruism is ultimately what the majority of people want in their society, for everyone to treat one another happily and rationally. If one were lead to believe that everyone was controlled by the appetitive part of their soul, or they just naturally thought everyone was selfish, would disregard that that person may have had time to think further about those their egoistic decisions. Those who are egoistic in behavior do not take self-centered actions because they instinctively felt it was best to deceive others; instead, they are presented with situations that they thought long about. Even if egoistic people did intuitively believe their appetites in life, then this must come from their past experiences where they wished to gain everything for oneself, without a care for others.
It states that the good consequences for the individual has greater ability as compared with the consequences placed upon others. In addition, actions could be considered as ethical for the individual whoever is taking the action which is benefited, while any advantage or disadvantage to the well-being of others is a secondary effect and not as important as the consequences for the individual. The similarity between act utilitarianism and ethical egoism are both contained large number of sub-theories within each branch which are the value placed between the individual and others. Both ethical egoism and act utilitarianism are allowing an individual to put himself or herself first in determining the right action to take in a particular situation whether the particular action is right or wrong. This is different from pure selflessness which states that only working for the benefit of others is morally valuable.
Searching through different types of definitions and reasons about the definition of ego, the assumption is that egoism is not immoral or virtuous but the balance in between. A perfect example of a supposed “egotistical person” is Equality, who soon renames himself as Prometheus, the protagonist of the book
Ethical egoism is a normative theory that states an individual 's actions should be accomplished from the perspective to maximize one’s self-interest. Ethical egoism requires that people give themselves special treatment and that they have a task to fill their self-interest. Ethical egoism says that a person should only act when the action benefits themself, and they should, therefore, avoid actions when the act they are trying to fulfill provides no benefits for the individual. When an action that one performs is wrong it seems the opposite of the action performed would seem to be correct. If helping a person would prevent your own self-interest, this would seem to make it morally permissible for a person to perform harm to others in situations where their self-interest would benefit from the action.
Ethical egoism is a consequential moral philosophy which dictates that the individual take care of themselves first by putting their goals and interests first and foremost. The ethical egoist is not concerned with the overall good of others, or the results of their actions, they are only concerned with what is good for themselves. I think this applying this moral theory to the above-mentioned issues makes the most sense. The actions of the ethical egoist always benefit the individual first and may have a positive, negative, or neutral impact on others. For me, this is a logical way of thinking when dealing with life and death situations, like euthanasia or abortion.
The two ethical theories that I truly understood and agreed with were Ethical Relativism and Egoism/Egotism. Ethical Relativism refers to cultural differences throughout the world regarding values. For example, in one culture society forces females to be covered from head to toe, while another culture may not have those same expectation from females. The other ethical theory that I understood is the difference between Egoism and Egotism. Egoism is the belief that motivation for people 's actions are carried out in self-interest, while Egotism means excessive conceit or self-absorption and selfishness.
Therefore, it is believed that only actions derived from duty have moral values, and those descended from inclination should not be considered worth morally in any case. This theory differs considerably from Aristotle’s beliefs in Nichomachean Ethics when he argues that taking the right action by inclination is a proof of a moral character. Moreover, duty is necessary to create universal rules. One of these rules states that we should act upon pure intentions because moral rules cannot be excused, hence lying is always wrong. Unfortunately, there is an issue with pure reasoning- every experience is different.
The virtue ethics theory focuses on what actions or choices an individual should choose based on their own personal inward character. Therefore, if an individual’s character is good then his or her actions or choices should also be good. The virtue ethics theory places responsibility on the individual for their actions or choices when confronted with a moral dilemma. Whereas, “a utilitarian or a Kantian theorist asks, what should I do?, a virtue ethicist asks, in effect, what should I be?” (Vaughn, 2010, pg. 134).
Individualism, a controversial topic in present-day society has been an issue regarding how one should be able to express oneself. Jacobus expresses that individualizing oneself is a selfish pursuit and by maintaining mind and spirit, it 'll keep society on a balanced track. While individualism is important to each person, it is claimed by Jacobus that it is problematic for society. Today in the twenty-first century, society has taken a toll on conformity where many stand up for what they believe in, but to some people, this action of publicly individualizing one 's thoughts is a selfish one. Individualism creates hope among the various conflicting pressures faced in present-day society, because if everyone followed the socially accepted
The rough idea behind ethical egoism is that the right thing to do is to only look out for your own self-interest. We are morally required only to make ourselves as happy as possible. We have no moral obligations to others. Leadership would then be a way to control our inner trend for domination and to avoid our own (physical or psychical) death. So, according to (Hobbes 1960) leaders, as everybody else, would also be continuously searching for their