“The accumulation of all powers, legislative, executive, and judiciary, in the same hands… may be justly pronounced the very definition of tyranny.” (Document B) The Madison quote shows that no person or persons should acquire all powers of the government otherwise it will become a tyranny. Hence our government is split into three branches, all with different powers, so that we may have a separation of powers to protect against tyranny. This separation of powers helps prevent one group from taking over the other two so that our country shall not be ruled by a tyrant
The Virginia Plan proposed that a National Government consisting of a supreme legislative, executive, and judiciary branches be created. This was very different from what the existing Confederation of Sates were comprised of. This new National Government was approved by Congress with little debate between its members, because as time was moving forward more and more members of Congress realized that there was a need for a stronger National Government. The details of the Virginia Plan called for the legislature branch to be comprised of two houses. A lower house, where the states would be represented in proportion to each state’s population and the upper house would have its’ members elected by the members of the lower house.
As tensions in Great Britain grew economically and politically, the American colony declared themselves an independent nation. Gaining their independence was significant, however, keeping it would be the challenge. The Americans knew a stable federal republic was essential to remaining independent, thus they created the Constitution. Although, the creation of the Constitution and the equality it ensues a controversial issue, the Constitution did not fulfil the job it was designed to do. The document did not establish a fair government.
The articles of confederation was written right after the revolutionary war was fought, however, the AOC failed, so they had to start all over with a new document called the constitution. 9 out of 13 colonies needed to ratify the new constitution for it to take effect. When it came to organize the government after the AOC, the people were divided on how the government should handle the fears of social, political, and economic fears which motivated the 2 parties, federalist and antifederalist. The federalists supported the new constitution, while the anti federalists were opposed. The political motivation for the federalists to support the ratification was they believed that a stronger government was necessary as the AOC had failed previously
The new states needed to unify under one constitution and they needed to establish a soverign central government. The Articles of Confederation was a significant step toward national unity. Most American historians said that the Articles of Confederation were insignificant because of the subsidiary position occupied by the central government. The new states needed a central government. Congress had little power to impose upon the states.
In document C, there is a very useful chart that shows one way that each of the three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) holds a little bit of power over the others. This is good because it means that no one part of government is above or below the others in terms of power, and there is always a way for one of them to be “checked” if they are becoming too tyrannical. For example, the President (executive) can veto Congressional legislation, but Congress (legislative) can impeach the President if necessary. Being able to “check” each other is one of the ways that the Constitution kept one group from having too much power. Another benefit of having the checks and balances system is that none of the three branches is so far apart from each that they have no power over the others, but they are far enough apart to prevent the power from accumulating.
Madison began discussing the most famous Federalist papers by saying that one of the most grounded contentions for the Constitution is the way that it sets up an administration well-appointed for controlling the violence and harm created by factions. Madison characterizes groups as gatherings of individuals who assemble to secure and advance their exceptional monetary hobbies and political feelings. According to the text, Madison has only two ways to control a faction. The first was to remove its reasons and the second way was to control its outcomes. The first was did not seem plausible but there were two ways to remove its reasons of a faction, to destroy liberty or give every citizen the same opinions, and etc.
Articles of Confederation Essay The Articles of Confederation was the original United States Constitution. The articles were written and agreed on by delegates of the states, but it still did not do it’s job and many people were frustrated with it. They chose this as their first system of government to keep the states together as a nation, but let the states have their own equal governments. After just ending a war against Britain, the United States knew they could not have a national government that was too strong, as the British had. This led to the Articles of Confederation which gave most of the powers traditionally held by the national government to the states.
Ratifying the Constitution Ratifying the Constitution has saved our country from being like England and from not falling apart. Before the constitution we had the articles and those weren’t working out at the time and we weren’t able to fight against rebellions and or against other countries when. We could act faster with the Constitution and we had a checks and balance system and also we had a checks and balances system. We could have acted faster with the constitution instead of wanting around for all states to agree on doing something. When bacon’s rebellion had happen we weren’t able to do anything because all the states weren’t agreeing to do anything about it but if we would of had the constitution we could act fast and take out and
DBQ Essay The United States Constitution is a document that or founding fathers made in order to replace the failing Articles of Confederation (A of C). Under the Constitution, the current government and states don’t have the problems they faced when the A of C was in action. The Constitution was created in 1788, and held an idea that the whole nation was nervous about. This idea was a strong national government, and the Federalist assured the people that this new government would work. The framers of the Constitution decided to give more power to the Federal government rather than the state governments because the A of C had many problems, there was a need for the layout of new government, rights, and laws, and there was a need for the Federal
Checks and Balances makes sure that one group in the government can do anything that would be “unconstitutional.” “The constant aim is to divide and arrange the several offices in such a manner as that they may be a check on the other…should not be so far separated as to have no constitutional control over each other.” This means that other branches check the other branches to make sure they are all the same in the amount of power. They use their equal power to approve, or disapprove something that the branches have done. If one branch has too much power, then obviously there will be a very high chance that tyranny would happen where one branch has total control over the whole government. Hopefully, the government can maintain order between groups so that tyranny won’t
The Federalist Papers were, and still are, very important to American History. These series of essays, mostly written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, were published to persuade Americans to ratify the new constitution. The new constitution would replace the Articles of Confederation, what the American’s had been living under at the time. The constitution highlighted an issue that the articles did not; empowering the central government like never before. Allowing the central government to act in the interest of the United States.
After America declared independence from England the colonies were not under the rule of a Central Government. The Revolution formed a government without a monarchy also referred to as a Republic, there were several attempts at government that included The Articles of Confederation, The Virginia Plan, The New Jersey Plan and The Great Compromise. The Continental Congress drafted a written agreement called the Articles of Confederation which were adopted in 1777 but did not take effect until 1781. A Confederation is an association of independent states that agree to work together on certain matters and each state holds sovereignty. The Articles of Confederation clearly showed how much the delegates feared a strong government because it
Federal and State Power became a very controversial debate which was limited more than the other. The Constitution reserved sovereignty between both sides. It wasn 't until the ratification of the 16th Amendment that the federal government was able to have a much greater influence over the American economy. "...citizens must also possess the minimal resources that are necessary in order to take advantages of the opportunities and to exercise their rights." (p.
This type of system has protected liberty and battled oppressive government. For example, when Congress make a law it has to go through the Legislative Branch, which then passes the Executive Branch where the president enforces the law. Finally, the Judicial Branch interprets the law. The people elect their House of Representatives, who then elect the Legislative Branch. Citizens of the United States also elects the President, who is in the executive branch, who then elects the judges for the judicial branch.