Constitutional Convention Research Paper

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The purpose to call the Constitutional Convention, at first, was to revise the Articles of Confederation. However, the framers later decided to create an entirely new government. This was introduced to the nation though the Preamble. The Preamble showed how the government takes authority from the people rather than the states. The Preamble also highlights a major difference between the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution having a more stronger central government. Also, the Constitution gives the states less power, while the Articles of Confederation gives too much power to the states.
The Great Compromise takes ideas from the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan, making both the large and smaller states happy.
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The North didn’t want slaves to count because slaves couldn’t vote. The South wanted slaves to count because they would get more representatives. However, Congress agreed to a plan called the Three-Fifths Compromise. This made it so that each enslaved persons would be counted as three-fifths of a free person. So, 500 enslaved people would count as 300 free people. This was a gain for the South, in which this got them more seats in the House of Representatives. Although, George Washington wanted slavery to be abolished, as he stated in a letter he wrote to Robert Morris. “I can only say that there is not a man living who wishes more sincerely than I do, to see a plan adopted for the abolition of slavery”. The Three-Fifths Compromise helped preserve slavery in the new Constitution.
New new Branches of government can include the Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch, and the Judicial Branch. The Executive Branch includes the President and the Vice President. Their role is to enforce laws. The Legislative Branch includes Congress, the Senate, and the House of Representatives. Their role is to create laws. The Judicial Branch includes the Supreme Court and other federal courts. Their role is to interpret laws. The purpose of having these three branches is so that it doesn’t give one person all the power of the
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Federalists, those who were in favor of a strong federal government, were in debates with Anti-Federalists, those who opposed the ideas of the Constitution. They believed the Constitution weakened the states too much, had no Bill of Rights, and thought the President could easily become a king. Delaware was the first state to ratify, with Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, and Connecticut quickly following. Massachusetts ratified, but still had a strong opposition, and only a major campaign by Constitution supporters won the ratification of the state. Maryland and South Carolina had ratified, which made 8 state ratification. Federalists were afraid that that Virginia, a large and powerful state, might reject the pact, then New York and the other remaining states might do so as well. However in June, 1788, while Virginia was still in debating, New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify, which could allow for the Constitution to go into effect. In time, New York and North Carolina followed. Rhode Island was the last state to ratify in May, 1790. On July 4th, 1788, Philadelphia celebrated the ratification of the Constitution. The creation of the bIll of Rights were met in 1789. One of the ten amendments is the Quartering of Troops. “No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law”. This amendment was made
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