Constitutionalism And Constitutionalism: The Definition Of Democracy

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1 Introduction
Constitutionalism is the idea, often associated with the political theory that an authority wielding public power or purporting to represent the interest of the governed and should be legally limited in its powers, and that its authority or legitimacy depends on its observing these limitations. The origins of the term democracy can be traced back to Ancient Greece. According to Heywood like other words ending in ‘cracy’, democracy is derived from the Greek word kratos, meaning power or rule. Democracy thus means ‘rules by the demos’ (the demos referring to ‘the people’, although Greeks originally used this to mean ‘the poor’ or ‘the many’).
2 Democracy
2.1 Definition of democracy
According to Heywood amongst meanings that have been attached to the word ‘democracy’ are the following: a system of rules by the poor and disadvantaged; a form of government in which the people rule themselves directly and continuously, without the need for professional politicians or public officials; a society based on equal opportunity and individual merit, rather than hierarchy and privilege; a system of welfare and redistribution aimed at narrowing social inequalities; a system of decision-making based on the principle of majority rule; a system of rule that secures the rights and interests of minorities by placing checks upon the power of the majority; a means of filling public offices through a competitive struggle for the popular vote; a system of government that serves
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