The early modern world period was from the 15th century to the 18th century. The majority of the population lived in rural cities. Life expectancy was not very long, and the lifespan was twenty-five years old. Diseases, famine, lack of medication, and improper sanitation contributed to the low life expectancy. Diet of the wealthy class consisted of bread, meat, and wine however the lower class’s diet consisted of fruits and vegetable. During this time period was the Age of Exploration, so new foods such as corn and potato were introduced from the new world which helped the lower class incorporate more nutrients into their diet. The society was divided into two classes, the nobility/gentry and the peasants/serfs. Both social classes were one of the important factors while developing hierarchy and order in the different countries. Western countries such as France influenced by religion and England dealt military, politics, and/or social issues. China’s government was also …show more content…
Constitutionalism was defined as a form of government limiting the power of the authority (AP study). Parliament consisted of two houses, the House of Lords and the House of Commons, which gave the nobility and the common people representation. There was a debate whether or not England should remain absolute or change to constitutionalism known as the English Civil War. As a result, the drafters of the Bill of Rights outlined what a political authority should look like. The Bill of Rights stated, “religion, laws, and liberties might not again be in danger of being subverted” (Bill of Rights, 1). The Bill of rights also outline the different rights that was not allowed to be taken away from the people such as collect taxes solely for the king’s purpose and freedom of speech (Bill, 1-2). In addition to the Bill of Rights, the Glorious Revolution occurred. This revolution symbolized the power Parliament had now again (AP
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The US Constitution Our nation was anxious and ready for complete freedom. When the final signature was done our nation was finally by itself. 1787 was the end of something dreadful and the beginning of something great. In the summer of 1787 the delegates from every state gathered in Philadelphia to sign the US Constitution. What did the US Constitution create in means of principles for the US government?
The Constitution protected the people from tyranny by federalism, checks and balances, and equal power between the Senate and House of Representatives. One way the Constitution guarded against tyranny is federalism. As stated in Federalist Paper #51, by James Madison, he states that “ In the compound republic of America, the power surrendered by the people is first divided between two distinct governments… the different governments will each control each other, at the same time that each will be controlled by itself.”
In May 25, 1787, a convention was called in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to express the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation. However, the intention from many delegates was to draft a new constitution; create a new government rather than fix the existing one. Rhode Island was the only one of the 13 original states to refuse to send delegates to the Constitutional Convention. At the Convention, the first issues they had to address was the representation in Congress.
Considered one of the most important documents in United States history, the Constitution was the basis of a government still functioning today. In the summer of 1787, 55 delegates from eleven of the thirteen states gathered in Philadelphia to fix the first attempt at a constitution, the Acts of Confederation. The government set up by this functioned so poorly that the entire document was scrapped thus making way for the Constitution. This provided a functioning government organized in a way that would eliminate any chance of a single party or person becoming a tyrant. The Constitution created an outline for a government with powers fairly distributed between the federal government, state governments, three branches of government and small
In 1689, the English Bill of Rights was signed into law by Sir William the third after King James the second was overthrown. It was proposed by the English Parliament to establish free elections and freedom of speech in hopes of taking power away from the monarchy and giving some of it back to the individual. At the time, speaking out against the king was illegal and there were no fair elections. When the English Bill of Rights was signed into law, citizens were given the right to free speech and elections became more diverse, among other rights. The English Bill of Rights says, "And they do claim, demand and insist upon all and singular the premises as their undoubted rights and liberties, and that no declarations, judgements, doings or proceedings to the prejudice of the people in any of the said premises ought in any wise to be drawn hereafter into consequence or example.
Constitutional Convention In 1787, Washington was persuaded to attend the Constitutional Convention and was popularly chosen as president. The Convention met in Philadelphia from May 14 to September 17. Delegates gathered to correct the various problems that had come up.
1. The English Bill of Rights: The English Bill of Rights was significant because it created a lot of rules that parliament passed. The bill created a separation of powers and limited the king and queen. These rights gave the people of England more rights and power as citizens.
The Bill of Rights is a document which states the rights the people have such as rights to bare arms, and trial by jury. The first ten amendments were deemed as the Bill of Rights. The first amendment was that people have freedom of speech, religion and
The Bill of Rights also changed the government and transformed it for the better. The government is the way it is because of the Philadelphia Convention. The delegates knew that America would evolve and adjust so they offered some protection. They didn’t want the constitution to hold back the country from developing, so they inserted a law in Article Five stating that the government could make changes or amendments to the constitution. This crucial decision has benefited generations.
After the Civil War in 1865, Republicans in Congress introduced a series of Constitutional Amendments to secure civil and political rights for African Americans. The right that gave black men the privilege to vote provoked the greatest controversy, especially in the North. In 1867, Congress passed the law and African American men began voting in the South, but in the North, they kept denying them this basic right (“African Americans,” 2016). Republicans feared that they would eventually lose control of Congress on the Democrats and thought that their only solution was to include the black men votes. Republicans assumed that all African American votes would go to all the Republicans in the North, as they did in the South and by increasing the
Constitution DBQ What is tyranny and how do you guard against it? Tyranny is most often defined as harsh, absolute power in the hands of one individual - like a king or a dictator. The constitution was created May of 1787, in Philadelphia. “The accumulation of all powers … in the same hands, whether of one, a few, or many (is) the very definition of tyranny.” It was made to replace the old constitution, the Articles of Confederation (Background Essay).
One with checks and balances to protect citizens from falling back into an absolutist form of government. Rights were seen as things for the government to protect, even on occasion from itself. The Bill of Rights, written by James Madison, declared citizens as free from the government, while also placing restrictions on governmental power. Government was now seen, not as apart of the people, but as an operation that serves the people. This differs from the previous views of the monarchy in England, where the people served the monarchy.
DBQ Essay The United States Constitution is a document that or founding fathers made in order to replace the failing Articles of Confederation (A of C). Under the Constitution, the current government and states don’t have the problems they faced when the A of C was in action. The Constitution was created in 1788, and held an idea that the whole nation was nervous about. This idea was a strong national government, and the Federalist assured the people that this new government would work. The framers of the Constitution decided to give more power to the Federal government rather than the state governments because the A of C had many problems, there was a need for the layout of new government, rights, and laws, and there was a need for the Federal
The Bill of Rights is significant to American history because it guarantees certain rights and liberties of the people. Also without its creation the Anti-Federalists in 1787 wouldn’t have ratified the Constitution. Without ratification the Constitution would not have gone into effect. The Bill of Rights also guarantees that personal freedom would be broad and the power of the federal government is limited. Without the written rights the government could take them away.
A constitution according to Haywood (???) is a set of rules written and unwritten. These rules enable powers and establish duties and define the relationships between the individual and the state. This constitution in the UK can be traced back to the Magna Carter (1215) where the separation of powers from the monarch to parliament began in response to unrest. The English Civil War (1642-1651) saw the Parliamentary victory that set the precedent that the monarch could not govern without parliament’s consent then in 1689 The Bill of Rights was introduced.