Constraint-Led Approach: Brymer And Renshaw

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Based on evidence-based literature from various fields including motor development, motor control, and motor learning, Brymer and Renshaw theorize that the constraint-led perspective provides an appropriate approach to skill acquisition as this perspective acknowledges the importance of environmental dynamics. Stemming from both the ecological psychology and dynamic systems theory, the constraint-led approach is dependent upon a distinctive interaction between the individual, the task, and the environment as the approach theorizes that learning is non-linear. Therefore, when individuals directly perceive functional information from all three elements, the information ultimately guides the system to self-organize and find new movement patterns.…show more content…
The interaction among constraints is important as the manipulation of constraints force the system to adapt and self-organize to produce new movement patterns. Based on the spontaneous, yet coordinated interactions among different constraints, individuals will experience various levels of stability and instability regarding alternate levels of variability in movements as the system will attempt to effectively self-organize. In addition, Brymer and Renshaw theorize that constraint manipulation provides the opportunity for individuals to attune to key affordances that will allow the individual to achieve the task of the goal. An affordance is defined as an opportunity for action provided by the environment as affordances are meaningful, specific to the individual, and dynamic. The sensory and environmental information an individual directly perceives allow the individual to act and search for appropriate movement patterns. However, constraints both encourage and limit affordances as affordances are relational properties arising from the individual and the

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