Direction ought to be founded on understudies existing mapping or mental structures, to be viable. The association of data is associated in such a way, to the point that it ought to identify with the current information in some significant way. The cases of psychological methodology are Analogies allegories. The other intellectual procedures incorporates the utilization of confining, plotting the mental aides, idea mapping, propel coordinators et cetera ( West, Farmer, and wolff,1991). The subjective hypothesis primarily stresses the significant undertakings of the instructor/creator and incorporates examining that different learning encounters to the learning circumstance which can affect learning results of various people.
The most important thing is to know what learning theory or theories your brain reacts to better. In my case I am very adapted to constructivism and Piaget theory. Constructivism for me is learning by personal experience and developing my own mental modes of the current event. Whatever is being taught I would literally have to set bases for myself within the lesson plan and develop real life events in my mind and thoughts in which will better my understanding of the teachers angle. In constructivism there are several key factors but the one I focus most on is curriculum.
He disagreed with the idea that intelligence was a fixed trait and regarded cognitive development as a process which occurs due to biological maturation and interaction with the environment. He has discovered essential components and they are equilibration, assimilation and accommodation to give a breakdown of knowledge. Equilibration was the main learning source and the reason why this cognitive theory is developed. During this theory students will use previously retained information or skills to solve a problem and what they are learning in the present will help them get a deeper understanding to the solution. According to Patterson in her article, “Constructivists believe that prior knowledge impacts the learning process.
This theory is concerned with how individuals learn large amounts of meaningful material from verbal/textual presentations in a school setting in contrast to theories developed in the context of laboratory experiments. According to Ausubel, learning is based upon the kinds of super ordinate, representational, and combinatorial processes that occur during the reception of information. He also explains that new learning or acquisition of knowledge is related to relevant ideas in the existing cognitive structure. Cognitive structures represent the residue of all learning experiences; forgetting occurs because certain details get integrated and lose their individual identity. Constructivist Learning Theory.
According to the author, Grant Wiggins, teachers and students own educational hubris stands in the way of implementing curricula which requires questioning for acquiring knowledge (Wiggins). While curriculum design has historically been used to instill a laundry list of topics students should be able to take with them into the future, Wiggins presented a convincing argument for designing courses around essential questions in which formative and summative assessments would check for how well the student understands the question(s) being posed. Wiggins view of what a curriculum document is and is not embraces the idea of unlimited thinking and expands the role of teachers and students from those with knowledge bestowing it on those who have none
In the Educational Leadership article entitle “The Boss of My Brain”, authors Donna Wilson and Marcus Conyers examines the explicit instruction in metacognition. Researchers stated that “explicit instruction in metacognition puts students in charge of their learning.” It was also stated that “meta-cognition supports learning by enabling us to actively think about which cognitive strategies can help achieve learning, how we should apply those strategies, how we can review our progress, and whether we need to adjust our thinking.” I believe this a unique teaching tool for teachers to implement with their students. With the use of metacognition, students whether they are struggling learners or gifted can learn how to use a variety of cognitive strategies to help improve their learning.
Heutagogy “Heutagogy is the study of self-determined learning … It is also an attempt to challenge some ideas about teaching and learning that still prevail in teacher centred learning and the need for, as Bill Ford (1997) eloquently puts it ‘knowledge sharing’ rather than ‘knowledge hoarding’. In this respect heutagogy looks to the future in which knowing how to learn will be a fundamental skill given the pace of innovation and the changing structure of communities and workplaces.” In self-determined learning, it is important that learners acquire both competencies and capabilities (Stephenson, 1994 as cited in McAuliffe et al., 2008, p. 3; Hase & Kenyon, 2000, 2007). Competency can be understood as proven ability in acquiring knowledge
Self-determination theory (SDT) assumes that inherent in human nature is the propensity to be curious about one’s environment and interest in learning and developing one’s knowledge (Niemiec & Ryan, 2009). However, educators introduce external controls into learning climates, which can undermine the sense of relatedness between teachers and students, and stifle the natural, volitional processes involved in high-quality learning (Wroten, 2014). The theory identifies that students are intrinsically motivated to learn and that educators should capitalize on this desire when designing instructions. Further, SDT suggests that teachers can capitalize on internal motivation by supporting student curiosity and their desire for autonomy. If educators can find ways to support autonomous motivation in the delivery of instruction, then optimal learning can be achieved (Niemiec & Ryan, 2009).
Discuss the development of learning theories from behaviorism to humanism. Choose one of the learning theories that you are drawn to and discuss the reasons for you choice. Introduction Learning theory is the process of how is the information been engaged, practice and grow during learning. Learning is defined as the alteration in behavior, in other words, learning is approached as an outcome from the end of some process of the product. Educators who hold the cognitive theory accept as true that the definition is a change of behavior is too constricted.
postmodern orientation toward conducting PI research seeks out to gain more critical awareness of how the highly interrelated power structures play crucial role in the construction of teachers’ identities. In this regard, postmodern research may similarly add novel dimensions to the organization and preservation of an emancipator and critical educational culture. In a similar line, educational theorists also have decisive role in provoking theconfiguration of these groups. Additionally, critical analysis of identity gives birth to identities that nurture a critical awareness of how discourse and knowledge, along with language (as a social semiotic system), could contribute to the generation of the liberating personal scholarship. However, postmodern PI research may not attain the emancipatory ideals that in the first place hadbeen set out as of paramount importance by the post-structuralist theorists.