Teachers can reflect on each student’s level of achievement, as well as on specific inclinations of the group, to customize their teaching plans., after receiving this information. Assessment is used as a research to find out as much as they can about what their students know, and what confusions, and prejudgment, or gaps they might have. Continuing assessment provides day-to-day feedback about the learning and teaching process. Assessment can reinforce the efficacy of teaching and learning. It also encourages the understanding of teaching as a productive process that evolves over time with feedback and input from students.
Similarly, this theory gave me insight to explore the aims of this study. By using this theory, I saw whether the students influence by teachers ' nonverbal behaviors or not. Furthermore, this theory provided students to learn through observation and modelling of the teacher wich supported me explore teachers ' nonverbal behaviors, students ' perceptions towards nonverbal behaviors and how do they influence learning English. Hence, Social Cognitive Theory provided major theoritical foundation for
He stressed that asking daily questions was imperative. The teacher should check student understanding informally by asking open ended questions about their performance at the end of the class. Each student should respond to the question on a piece of paper. Rubrics are very important in the self-assessment process. Rubrics are evaluation guides that provide feedback on several different learning objectives, recognizing where a student falls into the spectrum of proficiency for each objective.
In a circle students have contact with each other . Students start a conversation in first language , then the teacher translate it to the second language, then the students repeat the teacher's utterance . Students write and record . Students talk about their feeling and experience of previous sessions . At the first stage of learning students decide what to talk about in the target language but gradually when they become secure ,the teacher prepare the topic .
Likewise, this theory often described in a school education field. Richardson V (1997) mentioned that the classroom from this theory should be taught as follows. The teacher must pursuit asking students questions continually to encourage their intellectual curiosity along with a curriculum which is based on big concepts rather than specific knowledge. Also, the interactive learning should help the student to build their own knowledge that the assessment should be included this
In accordance with Piaget’s theory, the learner interacts with objects and events available in the physical and social environment and therefore comprehends the objects or events using the process of assimilation, accommodation and equilibration. The learners, therefore, construct their own conceptualizations and use them to generate solutions to problems. This theory also suggests that humans create and construct knowledge as they try to bring meaning to their experiences. In the differentiated classroom, teachers should facilitate the learning process by organizing learning activities and using variety of aid material according to the level of students’ cognitive structure to enable them to construct knowledge through their
They also teach “students the basic educational skills they need to succeed academically” (“Elementary School Teacher” Occupational 1). Another responsibility is providing students with a variety of different learning experiences. They “encourage students intellectual growth by preparing, presenting, and explaining information on a level that the kids can understand” (Cassedy 1). Reinforcing appropriate communication, social skills, self-control, cultural diversity, drug prevention, sharing, and responsibility are also in the description. So they not only teach academically, but they also “help students learn about themselves and the world while preparing them to face future challenges” (“Elementary School Teacher” Occupational 1).
Inquiry: Inquiry is a method in which a learner tries to solve the problem by investigating the problem and finding out the issues. In inquiry method a problem is given to the learner and they have to find out the solution of the problem. It is a student-centered approach in which a child tries to solve a problem by asking questions, researching and gathering data from multiple resources. Examples of inquiry method: Problem based learning, project work are common examples of inquiry method Guided inquiry: It is a student-centered approach in which the student tries to find out the solutions of the problem in the guidance of the teacher. In guided inquiry the teacher provide the problem statement and research questions to the students and the students can formulate their own procedure.
2.1 Introduction Some researchers believe, instruction in pragmatic skills and knowledge needs to be carried out formally, as part of the regular content in L2/ FL curricula. Although there exist proposals for instruction in different aspects of pragmatic competence, few have been examined in action, as they are implemented in classrooms with the purpose of determining how effective they are for the actual learning of the targeted feature. In consequence, it is necessary to conduct research exploring the effects of instruction in pragmatic aspects. Chapter two will talk about the theoretical claims for the communication and interaction, its application in the EFL and particularly classroom contexts. This chapter will also talk about the pragmatic competence, pragmatic instruction in the classroom and speech acts.
INQUIRY TEACHING METHOD The inquiry teaching method is a student’s centered. It is teacher guided educational approach which connects the students to explore the real questions. Inquiry teaching method facilitates the students in a way that it connects the learning of students with their interests. Students get and analyze information acquire the propositions, and give the solution and formed the technology and art products which display their thinking and make learning evident. As facilitator, the teacher would help them plan and carry out their investigation.