Containment Of Communism

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From 1944 to 1945, the allied armies advanced on both the Eastern Front and the Western Front to Nazi Germany. When the war in Europe ended with the fall of Nazi Germany, allied armies began to claim different areas of Europe or created spheres of influence. The nations of France, the United Kingdom, the United States, and also Holland began to divide Western Germany between themselves. The Soviet Union claimed almost all of Eastern Europe and also Eastern Germany, which included the city of Berlin. While democratic governments were created in Western Europe, Eastern Europe was forced to adopt a communist government system. The Soviet Union also promoted communism to spread around the world and efforts were made by anti-communist countries…show more content…
As according to democratic countries, the world was divided into three different classes. First world countries were countries which had adopted democratic government. Second world countries were countries that had adopted communist governments. Finally, third world countries were countries that had not adopted either system of government and were fought over in order to expand the flow of capitalism and communism.[13] The idea of containment was first proposed by U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan, during the presidency of U.S. president Harry S. Truman, to stop the spread of communism.[6] Kennan proposed that the United States aid in the development of democratic countries by giving them economic and political support, military equipment and training, and also waging war against communist regimes if necessary. Rebels would be given support so that they could overthrow the ruling communist governments. Kennan 's ideas were heavily criticized by newspapers, but his idea of blocking the expansion of Soviet influence remained a key interest and main strategy of the United States throughout the Cold War. Containment was first used during the Korean War in which NATO forces intervened and fought off North Korean and Chinese forces from taking over all of Korea and creating a communist government. The Korean War ended…show more content…
France was desperately in need of economic support and had overseas colonies which were now able to declare their independence.[8] In 1950, the powers of China and the Soviet Union recognized the Viet Minh’s Democratic Republic of Vietnam as the government of Vietnam, but the United States recognized the French backed State of Vietnam as the legitimate government of Vietnam. Representatives from China entered North Vietnam and helped transform the Viet Minh from bands of guerrilla fighting forces into a well trained and supplied army. On May 7, 1954, the Vietminh army defeated the French forces in Southern Vietnam and eventually liberated all of Vietnam from the French. However, the West decided to put power into the hands of Ngô Đình Diệm, a South Vietnamese Catholic who was supported by the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the United Nations Council.[11] By 1956, Ngô Đình Diệm eliminated any political opposition and persecuted the Buddhist majority of Vietnam. This gave reasons for North Vietnam to start a campaign to take over South Vietnam and create a unified Vietnam with a communist government. When the time came for Vietnam to choose local leaders, Ngô Đình Diệm resisted the elections because the more populous North would win.[8] The government in Hanoi called upon the formation of the Viet Minh in order to conduct guerilla
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