The United States engaged in a Cold War with the Soviet Union in an attempt to limit the development of the Communist military power and ideological influence. As alliances between the USSR and Western Nations terminated, the United States established a foreign policy that promoted non-communist nations. In 1947, President Harry S. Truman delivered a speech before a joint session of Congress. The speech, later named the Truman Doctrine, declared that the US would “provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces” ( ). Truman specifically called for Congress to support Greeks against Communist uprisings.
Containment was the policy put forth by George F. Kennan, who held that the Soviet Union lacked reasoning and logic (Schaller 976). Containment was the manner to counteract communists uprising and undercut any potential expansion of the Soviet Union 's influence. This approach to communism and Soviet Union’s ambitions would be the core of American foreign policy for forty years(Schaller 976). In one of these early acts to counter the Soviet Union’s objectives, congress approved the release of 400 million dollars towards putting down the rise of communism in Greece(Schaller 976). Across Asia many conflicts would arise, most notably in Korea and Vietnam.
The attack comes without warning and President Harry Truman, with the help of the United Nations, vows to defend democratic South Korea. The Containment Policy stated that the US would support any nation that are being oppressed by communism and cannot protect themselves from it. This became America’s major reason to intervene in the Korean War. However, the policy of containment came under attack due casualties and economic issues that the policy created. One of the major effects that over extended the powers of American foreign policy is that it gave the US a reason to interfere with any war they wanted as long as it involved communism.
Ngo Dinh Diem was the president of South Vietnam who was an anti-communist. President Kennedy increased his financial aid to Diem to diminish the accusations of “soft democracy.” But before Kennedy was assassinated, he claimed that the war was “their war.” In the end, Kennedy wanted remove the troops from South Vietnam. Some Americans agreed with Kennedy’s path, to return home from war, but many others supported President Lyndon Johnson’s approach, to send more troops. By the middle of the 1960’s, more than 180,000 Americans were stationed in Vietnam. The Army of the Republic of Vietnam had stated that they, “cannot stand up to pressure without substantial U.S. combat support on the ground.” This statement caused Johnson’s administration to continue adding more and more troops to the war, leaving there to be about half a million soldiers stations in Vietnam by the end of the 1960’s.
Reagan’s tactics was to rearm and strength the military, the Secretary of Defense, Casper Weinberger acknowledged it could crippled Soviet Union’s Military and economy causing disorder. The President supported the anti-communist countries and repressive regimes and United Sates assisted military dictators who were elected to the office (932). President Reagan crippled communism influence around the world.
Covert Action describes the situations in Iran, Chile, South Vietnam, and Guatemala when the U.S. government invaded and overthrew popularly elected leaders. The government justified these actions by claiming that these countries were falling under a communist influence. In reality, the goal of these actions was to protect American businesses in these countries. This rationalization was used to prove to the public that the actions were necessary. In all of these instances, the overthrow of strong leaders by the United States caused many problems that are still being dealt with
If one would argue that the origins of the Cold War should be traced to World War II and the breakdown of the wartime alliance between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. This all started by one act of betrayal. For example in Document C where Soviet Ambassador Nikolai Novikov states that “ The foreign policy of the United States ,which reflects the imperialist tendencies of American monopolistic capital, is characterized in the postwar period by striving for world supremacy.” The belief that freedom and democracy would die under the communist rule caused the United States to start a problem or feud that would last for a long time. The decisions made by the United States in W.W.II caused tensions to start between the U. S. and the Soviet Union. Communism spread though the nation.
In 1946, Richard Nixon was part of the U.S House of Representatives; he was assigned to the Select Committee on Foreign Aid and told European countries about the Marshall Plan. To prevent European countries from turning communist, the U.S issued the Truman Doctrine in 1947 which was a speech spoken by Truman promising to take matters into his own hands to prevent communism from spreading and the Marshall Plan which was an economic plan in 1948. That same year, the Soviet Union decided to cut off West Berlin from West Germany in order for the people who lived in West Berlin to abandon their homes. The U.S and Great Britain both dropped supplies of food and fuel into West
This was the Korean War. This war was consisted of two sides (Catoyn et al 654). On one side there is North Korea, China, and the Soviet Union also known as the communists side (654). The pro-american side consisted of South Korea and the United Nations which discludes the Soviets (654). This war started when North Korea crossed over the 38th Parallel Line wanting to make North and South Korea one communist country (654).
The War consisted of three significant groups. The United States Government was allied with the Contras, despite their record of human rights infringements, in order to take down the communist party, the Sandinistas. The Contras were allied with United States to eliminate the Sandinista Government for the betterment of Nicaragua. The Sandinistas opposed both the United States and the Contras because they had a previous disposition to the United states and they felt that socialistic policies was the best way to develop Nicaragua. The current settings of the Nicaraguan Revolution, was that of turmoil and unrest in Central America with multiple countries such as Cuba turning to Communism as a new type of government.
Although the Soviet Union, which was also based on a totalitarian system, fought with the United States was part of the Allied Powers at first, the United States strived to end their communist system during the Cold War. These are examples of countries based on hate being destroyed by others. As shown by this real life case, societies made of friendship and love are able to distinguish right from wrong, unlike societies made of cruelty and
After that they would be a huge threat to the United States. An aim of the Reagan Administration was to drive the communist out of Central America. Reagan opposed the leftist government known as the Sandinistas, and supported a rebel conservative organization known as the Contras in Nicaragua. America wanted to interfere with Central America, but this was not the first time. “In the early 1900s U.S. Marines were sent to Nicaragua to control rebel uprisings and again in late 1920s to "preserve order”.”(Phelps and Lehman, 1) The interference was becoming a habit.
The US tried to contain communism and the the Soviet Union tried to spread it.he Soviets wanted to isolate West Berlin from the the West and take them over. The United States saw this as a threat and took it seriously. They wanted to stop it. The United States, Britain, and France decided to save West Berlin with an airlift (Berlin Map). They flew in supplies that fed millions of people for nearly a year (Berlin Map).
Discussion 11 1) How and why did the United States escalate its role in the Vietnam War? After the Geneva Accords split Vietnam in two, a group called the Vietcong began a war against the governing authority in South Vietnam. During this time, the US was sending supplies and a small amount of troops to South Vietnam to help shape the new democratic country. When North Vietnamese (communist) patrol boats attacked American destroyers, this led to all-out war with North Vietnam. The US also got involved to stop communism from spreading from North to South Vietnam.
The territory that occupies modern-day Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia, was part of French-Indochina, one of France’s collection of many colonies. During World War II, France had to concentrate all of their forces in Europe. The French made a mistake of leaving Japan in charge of watching over Vietnam, which used the opportunity as an opening to attack. Vietnam 's defiance rewarded themselves with freedom. The French sent troops to battle the Vietnam rebels, resulting in the start of the First Indochina War.