Culture is shared set of arts,ideas,skills and ect,Culture has a different effect on how many people view the world. In other ways, culture consistently informs the way one views the world and others because of family,school, and community. Overall it matters on how they let their culture have an effect on them. In Robert Lake’s essay, “An Indian Father’s Plea” his son Windwolf is having difficulty with racism in his school. It is not only children who are racist towards him it is the adults as well.
Thomas Luckmann advocates that following the Protestant Reformation and industrial capitalism, personal reasoning has trumped religion in importance. Its presence communally has disappeared, and it has become a personal matter. The dialectic of religion has broken down owing to a lack of their ‘modernization’ quality. Rosalind Hackett, a theologian, in his article “Hackett on Revitalization” notes that a modern religion is one which is ‘reformative in nature and propagates the traditional
Religion can be classified as a set of beliefs or principles that influence the motive or thinking of it 's follower. It affects a person’s understanding of the ultimate reality, shapes his/her worldview of the nature of life and is a solution for humanity 's problem. The quest for meaning begins with the human search for God and the idea of truth. The outcome of this search is the birth of religion, in which there are so many theories seeking the exact origin of a religion. I do not intend this writing to be on the history of religion but I wish to comment that throughout the history of civilisation, religion has played a prominent role in many societies.
Both articles formulated that civil religion is a “source of social and cultural coherence and even unity,” (Williams 2013; 240) with that it provides a set of beliefs, rituals, and the means to formulate a sense transcendent. Williams (2013) mainly focus on civil religion’s ability to critique society, as suggested by Bellah and Gorski. Civil religion provides a moral standard of what America should be, it “heighten boundaries and convinces people that those boundaries are natural and even sacred.” (254) (the term boundaries here I believe is both physical and metaphysical, not simply national territory, but the boundary for identity) It connects the nation to the transcendent. Williams and Fuist (2014) were more interested in the effect of the weakening nation-state. As nation-state being threatened by the neoliberal globalization and ethno-religious national sentiments, it seems diversity and tension within America are strengthened, with the fear of immigrants being very obvious.
Postmodern consumption Nowadays are every single person a victim to the consumer-ism. Consumerism makes you happier, say psychologists . We all are consumers to every single company in the world, but is it that important? Nowadays has it been more important to be materialistic happy instead of being happy for what you got. We buy ourselves happiness.
Organisations have different cultures. There is also a lot of changes of globalisation and organisational transformation that is affecting that is culture both internally and externally (Viljoen, 2015). Every culture bring its own values and characters (Presno, V, 1980 & De Klerk, 1998). A character ethic, describe by Covey 91994:21) define
More feminists today tend to rethink secularism in the context of globalisation and multicultural society by suggesting that multiculturalism requires acceptance of communatarism, where religious communities can practice their traditions and culture even when those contradict with “western notion of human rights”. By the late 1980s, there were clear signs of adopting new way of thinking following the suggested failure of feminism of the 20th century. In this time new feminist discourses emerged, different in aspiration and visions including to the question of religion. Among those discourses is multiculturalism and above all, the emergence of a notion about Religious feminism as a distinctive political movement with a prominent example of Islamic feminism. Mir-Hosseini describes this phenomenon as ‘feminist in its aspiration and demands, yet Islamic in its language and sources of legitimacy.’ Thus, the secular characteristics of feminism, even if still strongly manifested in western Europe, now often clash with new wave of religious and multicultural discourses.
The family itself is collectivistic in that you always can rely on them and count on them for support. This still applies even with the individualistic thought of “pushing the young out of the nest”. Though the family promotes individual independence, it still accepts the collective formation and interaction of the group. Though both do not exist in complete uniformity within a culture they can both exist to some degree. Personally, based on the above example, I think collectivism exists more within individualistic cultures than individualism in collectivistic cultures.