The Personal is Political: Foucault’s Power Power, it is something that almost everyone wants to acquire, to monopolize and influence. According to Webster’s dictionary, power is the capacity or ability to direct or influence the behavior of others or the course of events. But according to Michel Foucault, in what he calls “the analysis of power” is how various institutions exert their power on groups and individuals, and how the people affirm their own identity and resist the effects of power. Foucault thinks that it is wrong to consider power as something that the institutions possess and use oppressively against individuals and groups, so he tries to remove viewing power as the plain oppression of the powerless by the powerful, aiming
Let me seize this moment to discussion the literature on authoritarianism, fascism, and dictatorship through the theoretical approach of behaviorism. First of all, let me inform you that the authoritarianism, Fascism, and dictatorship are all form of governments that lack the tendency to have electoral competition and widespread of voting participation. Though they are widely considered nondemocratic interim of their values and tempt to share a negative characteristic, but they little in common. Authoritarianism: has been widely considered by many scholars as a nondemocratic traditional form of government because they seem to have a single party system, usually lead by one man and a powerful secret police or small group of people, no party or weak party system, no mass mobilization but mentality. Fascism: This form of government has been also classified as nondemocratic by many political scientist and scholars because it appears to be a radical approach form of authoritarian nationalism movement that has been linked with corporatism.
Benevolent Dictatorship is a direct and theoretical form of government in which authoritarian leader have an absolute political and military power over the country but is seen to do welfare work of the population of whole. Democracy is a form of government in which all citizen of the country participate equally either directly or through representatives (Indirectly) in the proposal, development and establishment of the laws by which society is run. And if the Democracy is not work for welfare of society, unable to enforce law and unsuccessful to protect rights of citizen that called inefficient democracy. U.S. president Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) defined democracy as “of the people, by the people, for the people” Rousseau expresses Monarchy is tremendously efficient, since all power rests in the hands of one man. However, this can be dangerous but other hand Mill feels that democracy constitutes progress, in that democracy provides for freedom, which in turn leads to liberty.
However, their unity was proved to have a temporary character due to autocratic and radical views of the former. The Oxford Dictionary defines revolution as a forcible overthrow
What is Politics? Politics is a broad term or concept with a number of different legitimate or acceptable meanings. Different political scientists have different understandings of what the term politics means. Political scientist Harold Lasswell sees politics as “who gets what, when, and how”. Politics according to Harold Lasswell is concerned with deciding by official governmental decision-making and action who in the political society entertain what rewards, benefits and advantages and how much of them they receive, when they receive the benefits, rewards and the advantages and the methods by which they receive them in effect.
Consultative style is focused on the final result by using the skills of others. A dictator is a person exercising absolute power, especially a ruler who has an absolute, unrestricted control in a government, whereas participative leader involves the whole members of the group to identify the goals and to work for a desired result. Therefore participative leadership and dictatorship are two styles which are completely differ from each other. However, society sometimes mix them. For instance, great leader and president of Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin is considered to be both dictator and participative leader.
It is easy to notice that Locke significantly departs from the theory of Hobbes. John Locke to the liberal monarchy. But Hobbes emphasized the absolute power of the state over society and people, and was an authoritarian monarchy. Locke emphasizes something else: people give the state only part of his natural liberty. The Constitution is to limit the power of law, - says Locke.
‘Do Judges make Law? ’This is one of the most debated topics in the world of Law. Presently, according to the laws of the parliament, Judges are only allowed to uphold the laws passed by the parliament and not to create or make any new laws or whatsoever. But in some cases or circumstances, Judges have been known to amend and change the laws according to the situation if the judges see fit. So does that count as making a new law?
The United Kingdom is well recognized to have an unwritten constitution, even though, they do not exist in a single text, like other countries such as USA and Malaysia, the huge parts of the so called United Kingdom constitution is actually written down and most of it being statutes. Thus, the UK constitution is often defined as ‘partly written and wholly unmodified.’ This doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty states about the correlation between the Parliament and the courts and which one is the supreme. It has been stated above that the UK is recognized to have parliament supremacy, but to what extent the supremacy is. Dicey said that the parliament is supreme, which it gives a meaning that under the English constitution, there is no person or body is recognized by the law of England as having a right to overrule or set aside the legislation of Parliament as the parliament has the right to make or unmake any law
He has the legal right and responsibility to direct his unit. That’s his authority. The unit itself is the source of his power. ii) Coalition and political party (4 Marks) A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which many or multiple political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that coalition. The usual reason for this arrangement is that no party on its own can achieve a majority in the parliament.