Contingency Theory Of Leadership

725 Words3 Pages
Contingency theories put forth the idea that the success of a leader hinges on the specific situation at hand. A situation can be proven effective based on the leader or the leadership style attached. The factors that would determine this would include the task, the personality of the leader and the composition of the group that is meant to be led. Its basic assumption is that leadership-success or failure – is situational. There are a number of sub-theories that fall under the general contingency umbrella. Specific mention may be made of three such theories; Fielder’s contingency theory, situational leadership and Path- Goal theory.

The Fielder contingency theory suggests that there must be a strong leader- member relationship. A leader must possess to able to give out specific tasks clearly to members with outlines of procedures and goals. As a successful leader they should also be able to hand out punishments and rewards to the members of their team.

With this particular theory, it only fist where groups are closely supervised and not team-based. The theory emphasizes the leader’s disposition as the main trait that defines the ability to lead. For Fielder, in order for the task to be greatly accomplished the leader should be very dedicated to the team and also a person who is not afraid to highlight the good and the bad in every situation and task.

The concept of Situational leader focuses on the leadership style as oppose to the leader and also the maturity of
Open Document