Organisations need both managers and leaders. Employees of managers tend to complete their assigned task because they fear punishment, while followers of leaders tend to accomplish goals because they want to obtain higher personal satisfaction. According to Williams, McWilliams and Lawrence (2017), path goal theory is a leadership theory that states that leaders can increase satisfaction, motivation and performance of subordinates by understanding subordinates style of working, coaching, guiding and also rewarding subordinates for effective work performance. There are two conditions for a leader to meet for rewarding, clarifying and clearing paths to increase motivation and determination of subordinates. Firstly, behaviour
This theory suggests that a person is not born with leadership skills, but gradually learns how to become a leader from watching other leaders. If the behavior theory can identify the key determinants of leadership, people can actually train to become a leader. This is the premise of the management development plan. There are many different types of behavioural leadership styles. Each style suggests that the leadership role is based on the leaders’ concern for the people being led and the level of achievement that needs to be
Leadership is a process that a person leading a group and influencing other to accomplish an objective directs the organization goal. Leaders carry out the process by applying their leadership knowledge and skills. A person come to mind about leadership likely to get a list of qualities such as intelligence, charisma, decisiveness, strength, bravery integrity and self-confidence. These represent in essence, trait theories of leadership. Trait theories of leadership is theories that consider personality, social, physical, or intellectual traits to differentiate leaders from non-leaders.
The organizational factors include: flexibility, responsibility, standards, rewards, clarity, and commitment. The research shows that the coercive and pacesetting styles have a negative correlations on organizational climate while the other four styles have a positive impact. Thus, except for unusual circumstances where coercive and pacesetting styles might be appropriate, leaders should normally use a combination of the authoritative, affiliative, democratic and coaching styles to achieve success. The best leaders will sense from their emotional intelligence when to use each of these styles. If you are an aspiring leader or a leader who wants to get to the next level of leadership excellence, Goleman’s article is a great primer on how to effectively use different leadership
I scored in the moderately low range on the task portion and in the very high range for the relationship portion of the questionnaire. The relationship portion measures the extent of how one attempt to make coworkers feel comfortable with one another and within the group (Northouse, 2016). This questionnaire informed me that I need to work on task related factors in leadership, such as informing others what needs to be accomplished, making my perspective clear, and provide definition of responsibilities within
Contingency theories put forth the idea that the success of a leader hinges on the specific situation at hand. A situation can be proven effective based on the leader or the leadership style attached. The factors that would determine this would include the task, the personality of the leader and the composition of the group that is meant to be led. Its basic assumption is that leadership-success or failure – is situational. There are a number of sub-theories that fall under the general contingency umbrella.
Lewin, Lippitt, & White as cited in Hamid and Ismail (2015), conducted a research on organization and leadership styles such as democratic, autocratic, and laissez-faire. Leadership style refers to a leader’s manner of behavior in a work situation. Accordingly, leadership style can be influenced by one’s personality which means it deals mainly with the manner of the leader on how he/she carry his/her functions or authority and power and the decision-making process. Leaders tend to choose a leadership style that is most comfortable to them and which allow the subordinates to participate in the decision making process, and is also dependent on the values and the personality of the leaders. The research conducted found the authoritarian, also
Fielders’ model states that there is no one best style of leadership. Instead, a leader 's effectiveness is based on the situation. His work suggested that good leadership performance from a task orientated leader occurs in situations giving high and low situational control, whereas relationship-orientated leaders give optimum performance in situations involving moderate control (Hayward, 1996). He believed that the task based leader will focus less on the group than the relationship orientated leader, who will focus more on the group to the expense of the task (Riggio, 2013). To measure the leaders orientation he developed the ‘least preferred co-worker’ (LPC)
The word contingency means depending upon. Those proposing contingency theories realize that a leader must adjust. The hallmark of these theories is context and in a more profound sense, everything is interdependent. To a certain extent contingency leadership theories are extensions of the trait theory, in the sense that human traits are related to the situation in which the leaders exercise their leadership. It is generally accepted within the contingency theories that leader are more likely to express their leadership when they feel that their followers will be
They refer to Fielder’s contingency theory, path-goal theory, Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Leadership theory, and Vroom and Yetton’s normative decision model. Each theory is distinctive and different from each other. In the case of McDonald’s, it practices each theory to a certain degree. Fieldler’s contingency theory states that in order to maximize work group performance, leaders must be matched to the right leadership situation (Williams, 2007). Different managers have different styles that do not change and are better suited for different tasks.