DUE programs play a important role in helping managed health care systems to understand, interpret, review and improve the pattern of prescribing, administration and usage of medications. Employers and health plans find DUE programs effective since the outcomes are used to foster more effective use of scarce health care resources. Pharmacists play a important role in this process because of their skill in the area of drug therapy management. DUE affords the managed care pharmacist the chance to identify trends in prescribing within community of patients whether by pathological-state such as those with asthma, diabetes or high blood pressure, or by medication-specific criteria. Pharmacists can then, in association with prescribers and other members of the health care team, start the action to improve medication therapy for patients.
The nurse and doctor work together to assure the proper tests are done and medications are given. The doctor and nurse works with the family members to assure they are properly fulfilling their duties; such as making sure the patient is taking medicines correctly and receiving proper nutrition. Legal and Ethical Interventions The nurse should follow the rules and regulations of the facility he/she works in. The nurse should always do an assessment of the patient to make sure no new health problems have occurred and the current ones are stable. Not only should the nurse follow the regulations of the facility but the American Nurses Association.
Including a CBC/differential, urine culture, stool culture, and a lumbar puncture to obtain CSF for culture. This will be analyzed for enterovirus using PCR. Stool sample will be analyzed for C. diff toxins, and rotavirus. If the CBC/diff, csf, and urinalysis come back abnormal we will treat empirally with antibiotics (e.g. vancomycin) until the culture results are available.
The focus of the primary care physician is to focus on the overall health and ensuring the patient receives the necessary medical screenings, risk assessments, provide preventative care, teach healthy lifestyle choices, provide referrals to medical specialist, and evaluate the urgency of medical problems. In the Cortez case, the physician is responsible for Paula’s medical screening and assessment, and provides a referral to a psychiatrist to address Paula’s mental health, since she has a psychiatric diagnosis and are having difficulties with adhering to her medication. Paula needs referral to a gynecologist to ensure she and the fetus are healthy and not threatened by the medications she is prescribed. The gynecologist will also provide
Motivation (MOT) The Motivation Scale assesses students ' diligence, self-discipline, and willingness to exert the effort necessary to successfully complete academic requirements (H&H Publishing, 2016). Time Management (TMT) The Time Management Scale assesses students ' application of time management principles to academic situations (H&H Publishing, 2016). Anxiety (ANX) The Anxiety Scale assesses the degree to which students worry about school and their academic performance (H&H Publishing, 2016). Concentration (CON) The Concentration Scale assesses students ' ability to direct and maintain attention on academic tasks (H&H Publishing, 2016). Information Processing (INP) The Information Processing Scale assesses how well students ' can use imagery, verbal elaboration, organization strategies, and reasoning skills as learning strategies to help build bridges between what they already know and what they are trying to learn and remember, i.e., knowledge acquisition, retention and future application (H&H Publishing, 2016).
Hence, the researcher will seek for ethical approval from the research ethic committee ahead of this proposed study. The director of nursing, service manager and clinical nurse managers of the acute medical wards will be contacted for the formal permission and access to the research site (Maltby et al. 2010). The main ethical principles include respect for individual freedom, confidentiality, and beneficence/non-maleficence will be maintained throughout the study (Grove et al. 2013).
a. The most common way to improve medication adherence is by talking to the patient. Educating the patient on the importance of drug adherence and why it is important for the betterment of their health. b. Pharmacists are trained to have good communication skills for educating the patient and should be done using simple and common words for the patient’s easy understanding.
Ethics in Clinical Research Ethical Guidelines The goal of clinical research is to develop generalizable knowledge that improves human health or increases understanding of human biology. People who participate in clinical research make it possible to secure that knowledge. The path to finding out if a new drug or treatment is safe or effective, for example, is to test it on patient volunteers. But by placing some people at risk of harm for the good of others, clinical research has the potential to exploit patient volunteers. The purpose of ethical guidelines is both to protect patient volunteers and to preserve the integrity of the science.
Employees working in pediatrics hospital are supposed to take precautions to protect their patients and staff from exposure to potentially infectious materials. A fundamental component of standard infection prevention measures are a system of barrier precautions to be used by all personnel
Regular monitoring of vital signs is important because GTN can cause Hypotension. (College of Nursing, 2015:24). Nursing Consideration: Monitor vital signs frequently to find the possible side effect of hypotension. Please give a comfortable lying or sitting position for the patient when taking GTN to avoid hypotension and syncope (Brunner and Suddarth’s, et al, 2010: 765