Sesame is a short day plant but also grows in long days. Sesame is believed to have originated from tropical Africa, where we have the greatest genetic diversity. It was later taken at a very early date to India where a secondary Centre of diversity developed. Currently the leading producers of sesame are Myanmar, India, China, Sudan, and Tanzania. In Africa the chief producers are Sudan, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Uganda.
The panicles arise from the top of the plant along the stem. Also, the seeds are about two millimeters in diameter and of various colors. This crop would be a grain but it does not come from the grass like wheat, oats or barley (Raffael, 2012). This crop is well adapted to extreme environmental conditions and is also an important food source for human consumption. The seeds of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) are nutritionally
As part of a new timber purchasing policy, Home Depot accepted to give preference to the sale of timber certified and managed by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) wherever possible, to endorse ways to use wood more efficiently, and to promote replacements to wood products. In 2009, Home Depot sold more FSC-certified wood than as compared to any other company in North America. Companies that offer sustainable forest products can open doors to new markets and customers, as witnessed by the preference of many huge forest product retailers, such as IKEA and the LEED building industry, to use these
In this way, the farmer can plan his future cropping and has not to worry about his next harvest as he would have to if he had not a secured minimum price. Through the guaranteed price set by the fair trade Foundation there are fair pay and working conditions on the farms what leads to a better work environment and less exploitation [Fairtrade Resource Network, 2008]. Eileen Maybin, member of The Fairtrade Foundation, says that “fair trade focuses on ensuring that farmers in developing countries receive an agreed and stable price for the crops they grow.” [O'Neill,
URBANIZATION AND ITS EFFECT ON FOOD PRODUCTION IN KENYA A CASE OF KIAMBU COUNTY ABSTRACT Agriculture continues to be one of the key contributors to the Kenyan economy with a great contribution to national food basket directly , exports to major destinations in the world and as a key source of employment in this country. Over seventy percent of Kenya 's export in merchandise is from agriculture and one third of our manufacturing sector 's output is dependent on input from the agricultural products. In a country where over 80% of the population depends on agriculture and a sector which accounts for over 30% of the Gross domestic product it remains a sector that cannot be ignored and whose erosion will cause unimaginable havoc on the
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Overview Piper Nigrum L. is the fruit of the tropical climbing vine, native to south-western India. In Sarawak, pepper cultivation dates back to 1856 but more extensive planting started in the 1900s. there are two types of breeds of black pepper plantation in Malaysia which is Kuching (Figure 1) and Semenggok Emas (Figure 2). Figure 1: Kuching breed Figure 2: Semenggok Emas breed Today, pepper is one of the important cash crops supporting the livelihood of about 67,000 rural dwellers in upland areas of Sarawak. Holdings are small, averaging 0.2 ha.
1.1 Background Information Production of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) takes a very important place in world agriculture, with a production potential of about 327 million Mg harvested from 18.6 million hectares (Alaa et al., 2012) and a major non-grain food commodity (FAOSTAT, 2008). Potato is the world’s major tuber crop and the third most important food crop after rice and wheat (CIP, 2008). There has been an increase in total area under potato production in Kenya, making it the second most major food and cash crop for most of small-scale farmers residing in the highlands (Guyton et al., 1994). It plays a major role in food security in Kenya and contributes to poverty alleviation through income generation and employment creation as farmers
Chickpea is a cool season food legume originated in south-western Turkey and spread to other parts of the world (Ladizinsky et al., 1976). It is grown in 55 countries in South Asia, West Asia, North Africa, East Africa, Southern Europe, North and South America and Australia and traded across 140 countries. This crop is mostly grown as rain-fed, post-rainy season, winter crop in subtropical South Asia, parts of Africa and
Cotton seed as any Oilseeds is a rich source of oil and minerals. India is the 2nd largest producer of cottonseeds after China, accounting for nearly 18% of the world’s production. With around 12 million hectares of cotton cultivation, 95% is spread in the 6 states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and Gujarat. Most of the produce is consumed domestically, having no or negligible exports. The cottonseed sector has been on a steady rise for the last many years.
3. Some of the beans are exported to other countries for further processing and caning purposes. 4. In Komatidraai farm a potential market is established before planting the beans as it helps the farmer to know which cultivar is in demand in the market and he will also know and produce according to his target. 5.