Contribution Of Max Gluckman

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Max Gluckman was one of the most prominent South African and British figures in the field of anthropology throughout the mid-late 20th century (Gluckman and Gulliver, 1978). He first studied social anthropology under Alfred R. Radcliffe-Brown, a notable leader of structural functionalism, at the University of Witwatersrand. Gluckman then advanced his education at the University of Oxford where he earned his doctorate degree. After administering his primary research from 1936 to 1938 in South Africa within the Zulu community, he accepted a position at the Rhodes-Livingstone Institute (RLI), the first experimentation establishment for anthropology in Africa. Here, Gluckman supervised the work of his fellow anthropologists and made important contributions to their findings and theories. He then began to teach at the University of Oxford from 1947 to 1949, where he was particularly influenced by Edward E. Evans-Pritchard, the director of social anthropology at the institution. In 1949, Gluckman earned the first professor position at the University of Manchester, where he established the Manchester School. The school became a particular mode of thought where students shared a common approach to their subject. One of the main ideas associated with the Manchester School related to conflict, especially in small societies (Kapferer, 1987, pp. 3). In the midst of holding many high-profile positions, Gluckman also taught meaningful lectures, wrote influential essays and developed

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