Civil Disobedience And Satyagraha

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INTRODUCTION Civil disobedience is the active, refusal to obey some laws, demands, or commands of a government, or of an occupying international power. Civil disobedience, not always, but can be termed as Nonviolent Resistance in nature. The word civil has many definitions: “relating to citizens and their interrelations with one another or with the state”and it literally means “disobedience towards state”. Mahatma Gandhi used civil disobedience to derive the relation between Thoreau’s civil disobedience and his own Satyagraha. According to Thoreau, Civil Disobedience is, “ when all men recognize the right of revolution; that is, the right to refuse the allegiance to, and to resist, the government, when its tyranny or its inefficiency are great…show more content…
Thoughts drawn from different period of historic times and distinctive culture has helped in its evolution. Like, in Indian and Greek tradition, if there is a conflict between the higher law and the law of the state the individual had the obligation to defy the law of the state. One of the earliest massive execution was achieved by the Egyptians against the British occupation in the 1919 revolutions. Civil disobedience is one of the numerous ways individuals have defied what they deem to be unfair laws. The has been utilized in numerous nonviolent disobedience movements in India. Civil disobedience has served a significant strategy of nationalist movements in former colonial settlement in Africa and Asia preceding to their independence. Most outstandingly, Mahatma Gandhi developed civil disobedience as an anti colonialist tool. In spite of the fact some biographers opine that Gandhi learned about civil disobedience from Thoreau’s article which he used in his peaceful Satyagraha , Gandhi observes in Hind Swaraj in India the nation at large has used passive disobedience in all bureaus of life.We stop to collaborate with our rulers when they disappoint us.Gandhi’s work in South Africa and in the Indian independence movement was the first effective application of Civil Disobedience movement on a large…show more content…
The primary is that the power of the government depends on upon the assent of the government. Secondly, justice is superior to the laws that are ordered by the government, and the individual has the right to judge whether the given law reflects or denies justice. In the second case. The individual has the obligation to defy the law and accept the outcomes of the disobedience peacefully. For Thoreau’s situation, he judged that the laws, maintaining slavery and support Mexican war were unfair. “Resistance to Civil Government” also known as “Civil Disobedience”, is an essay by Henry David Thoreau that was first published in 1849. Thoreau states that every individual should resist the government to overrule their will and that they have an obligation to disregard such acquience to enable the government to make them the agents of unequality and injustice. Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience” upholds the need to prioritize one’s conscience over directs of law. It reprimands American social foundation and approaches, most conspicuously slavery and Mexican-American
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