From these readings I have found that John Muir and Henry David Thoreau have many of the same notions about nature and the American frontier. Both viewed nature as a defined space, completely separated from civil society, a place in which “a man can be a man.” For Muir it seemed that nature was very much a sacred space and loved to idealize nature as a sort of heaven on earth. I think one of the biggest things I realized through these readings is that Muir and Thoreau both emphasized the difference, physically and mentally, between nature and urbanization. It is this idea that Americans now live on, I believe that people now think of nature and urban areas as entirely separate entities and in doing so, make nature into a sort of place to visit but never stay. Ultimately, I believe that both Muir and Thoreau have a mostly organic worldview, however, it is one that has some mechanistic influences.
For centuries, some of the best writers and scholars in the world have look to nature for inspiration, guidance, and a chance to find answer to life’s most difficult questions. This response paper will cover how the word ‘nature’ is used to describe and convey a message of supporting the spread of intellectual ideas by American writers. Excerpts from a literary letter titled The American Scholar written by Henry David Thoreau will be used as supporting evidence for claims stated in this essay. The letter is addressed to President Martin Van Buren who won the election in 1836 and the contents inside expresses Thoreau's concerns and wishes about expanding American literary ideas into the world. Thoreau uses nature to explain why he thinks a scholarly culture in the United States is essential to the country’s intellectual development.
Was Chris McCandless a true transcendentalist? Transcendentalism is a system developed by Immanuel Kant, based on the idea that, in order to understand the nature of reality, one must first examine and analyze the reasoning process that governs the nature of experience. Influenced by romanticism, Platonism, and Kantian philosophy, it taught that divinity pervades all nature and humanity, and its members held progressive views on feminism and communal living. Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau were central figures. In Jon Krakauer’s novel, Into the Wild, McCandless is viewed as a transcendentalist.
In 1776 Thomas Jefferson was tasked with drafting the document that would now be known as the Declaration of Independence. This document was the physical embodiment of the American spirit; detailing the natural rights humans innately possess, and listing the grievances Britain have committed. Martian Luther King Jr was a civil rights leader during the 1950s and 1960s. King is most known for his speech I have a Dream where he shared his vision of a more united and peaceful America. King often looked to the founding fathers for inspiration and strength during his civil rights career.
The transcendental movement took place during the early nineteenth century. This movement was especially centered around American literature, politics, philosophy, and art. The principle belief in the transcendental movement was that each author, poet, or artist could “transcend” ayond the physical and into a broader mindset of spirituality, awareness, and independence. Transcendentalists, in this sense, could see into themselves and perceive their attachment to nature. According to transcendentalists themselves, “-society and its institutions corrupt the purity of each individual.” This meaning, organized politics (parties), religions, and social status would affect the cleanliness and simplicity of an individual’s soul.
And using these six ideas, we could see how these ideas were represented in the Declaration of Independence. 1. Deism and Scientific Progress In the introduction I already gave a brief overview of the religions as viewed in the Enlightenment. This quotation is only to add the definitions of the deism itself, "European Enlightenment thinkers conceived tradition, custom and prejudice as barriers to gaining true knowledge of the universal laws of nature. The solution was deism or understanding God’s existence as divorced from holy books, divine providence, revealed religion, prophecy and miracles; instead basing religious belief on reason and observation of the natural world."
Because loving God requires loving all of its creation. To love is to give, and be giving you become part of the whole. In the essay “The Army of One: Me” Jean Twenge explores the history of the American individualism and how its evolution altered a way we place ourselves and the world around us.
The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening periods in American history contributed not only to the Revolutionary War, but also shaping America into its present day self. The Enlightenment period brought a sense of self-awareness; science was now applied to all aspects of life (religion, politics, trade, and life itself). Intellectuals began questioning what gives or allows a person the right to govern - as illustrated in Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s book The Social Contract (1762). Rousseau’s contention was that individuals had “natural rights” to life, liberty, and property that rulers could not deny (Schultz, 2013 p. 69). The Enlightenment also spurred a reformation in education; the days of religious based curricula were being challenged, philosophy and the concept of reasoning were introduced.
In Basel, Switzerland, Calvin drew out the main version of his Establishments of the Christian Religion in 1536, the primary methodical, philosophical treatise of the new change development. Calvin concurred with Luther 's instructing on avocation by confidence. In any case, he found a more positive place for law inside the Christian people group than did Luther. In Geneva, Calvin could try different things with his optimal of a trained group of the choose. Calvin additionally focused on the principle of destiny and deciphered Heavenly Fellowship as a profound sharing of the body and blood of Christ.
What is fundamentalism? Essentially, it is an adherence to the literally interpreted Bible as fundamental to life and teaching. In his book, Fundamentalism and American Culture, George M. Marsden attacks the daunting question of “How has the fundamentalist movement managed to resist the pressures of the scientific community and the draw of modern popular culture to hold on to their ultra-conservative Christian views?” Not only does this History textbook answer that pressing question, but it also tells the incredible, encouraging tale of how Christian principles CAN survive in a godless world. From the first chapter, Marsden notes fundamentalism’s steady march through American history. Starting when America was first diverging from a Christian
Aquinas wrote logical arguments in support of his faith to show how reason and religious belief helped each other. His concept of natural law stated that there was an order in nature that could guide people’s thoughts about right and wrong. Natural law, he declared, could be discovered through reason alone. Since God had created nature, natural law agreed with the moral teachings of the Bible.
Supporters of American Exceptionalism have used Winthrop 's "city upon a hill" to suggest that the United States, much like the original Massachusetts Bay Colony, serves as a beacon for the rest of the world. Without a doubt, American Exceptionalism can be traced to Puritan roots. The Puritans believed that God had made a covenant with their people and had chosen them to serve as a beacon for the world. Therefore, John Winthrop’s metaphorical “city upon a hill” is often used to promote superiority in a sense. The Puritans ' deep moralistic values remained part of the national identity of the United States for centuries, remaining an important part of American life to this