For centuries, some of the best writers and scholars in the world have look to nature for inspiration, guidance, and a chance to find answer to life’s most difficult questions. This response paper will cover how the word ‘nature’ is used to describe and convey a message of supporting the spread of intellectual ideas by American writers. Excerpts from a literary letter titled The American Scholar written by Henry David Thoreau will be used as supporting evidence for claims stated in this essay. The letter is addressed to President Martin Van Buren who won the election in 1836 and the contents inside expresses Thoreau's concerns and wishes about expanding American literary ideas into the world. Thoreau uses nature to explain why he thinks a scholarly culture in the United States is essential to the country’s intellectual development.
In that famous address, he sought to present Hinduism not just as a fulfilment of all other religions, but also as a fulfilment of all of science. Vivekananda claimed that only the spiritual monism of Advaita Vedanta could fulfil the ultimate goal of natural science, which he saw as the search for the ultimate source of the energy that creates and sustains the world. (Frontline vol 20) One of the entities he talks about in his speech in Chicago during the Parliament of Religions in Chicago was the soul and how science is nothing but finding of unity. Hindus believe soul is a circumference whose circumference is nowhere; death means change of this centre from body to body (speech) which essentially means the soul is eternal as it is not created and things that are not created cannot
Emerson’s introduction ends by an abstract definition of “what is Nature”. What is Nature? For Emerson, nature is everything that is external to ourselves, all that is “not me” this includes our own bodies. For him the human/nature relationship is revolutionary, he thought that humanity was separated from nature that nature is only a mere reflection of humans, and that few of us see the true nature, what nature really looks like. We all tend to see nature how we like to see it.
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) was an English philosopher who had a huge influence over 19th century ethical and political thinking. Mill was a strong advocate for Utilitarianism; a moral theory that aimed to create “the greatest happiness for the greatest number”. In 1859, Mill published his book, “On Liberty” which expressed his conception of individual autonomy and advocated a democracy that respresents all people. This essay will illustrate the premises present in chapter two of “On Liberty” in which Mill argues for inclusive freedom of speech and demonstrates the legitimacy of doing so. Mill begins by arguing that it is illogical to give authority of voice to one person or group over another because human beings are equally fallible.
The Bible is God’s word, and it should be treated as such. It is the divine Word from the one who has created the universe and each person in it. This truth should drive people to desire to hear from their creator. In this book Kevin DeYoung acknowledges that the majority of those reading this book are Christians, and his goal for each reader is to see the beauty of scripture and understand how this should impact their lives. In order
The transcendental movement took place during the early nineteenth century. This movement was especially centered around American literature, politics, philosophy, and art. The principle belief in the transcendental movement was that each author, poet, or artist could “transcend” ayond the physical and into a broader mindset of spirituality, awareness, and independence. Transcendentalists, in this sense, could see into themselves and perceive their attachment to nature. According to transcendentalists themselves, “-society and its institutions corrupt the purity of each individual.” This meaning, organized politics (parties), religions, and social status would affect the cleanliness and simplicity of an individual’s soul.
Henry David Thoreau is known as one of the most relevant transcendentalist authors in America, not only thanks to his work as an author but also his ideology and activism as a normal individual. His transcendentalist way of both thinking and living was not only influenced by the fact that he lived in Concord, the cradle of transcendentalism in the US, but also by being in close touch with other great transcendentalists such as Bronson Alcott or Ralph Waldo Emerson. The latter one was probably the most influential on Thoreau’s development as a true transcendentalist, since Thoreau actually put into practice Emerson’s thought that in order to get to know who oneself truly is, you have to focus on Nature and devote yourself to it; and he captured his experience in the wonderfully descriptive and spiritual book Walden. Thoreau’s approach to transcendentalism, as compared to other authors and thinkers of the time, is truly fascinating and somewhat of a practical example to the rest. While transcendentalists spoke of the importance of nature in our lives and how we should try and be as close to it as we can, Thoreau went and experienced it himself when he went to live at Walden pond for two years, two months and two days.
However there is a deeper connection between romanticism and nature all together. Many poets consider nature as the source of human ideas and emotions. “Henry David Thoreau says a poet who lived in a cabin on Walden Pond for two years, believed that people were meant to live in the world of nature”. Although the work of nature is characterized by search for self or identity, the poet William Wordsworth getting inspiration from Coleridge and nature wrote of the deeper emotions. Romanticism and nature are connected because the artists and philosophers of the romantic period romanticized the beauty of nature, and the power of the natural world.
It constitutes the understanding that humanity’s ultimate realisation of itself and of the world can be attained only by an ever-increasing liberation of the values that are universal and human. Swami Vivekananda’s humanism was spiritual humanism. Humanism basically concerns itself with the issue of man society. It makes a search for individual identity, equality and rationality. Swami Vivekananda’s unique contribution was his development of the idea of scientific spiritualism.
The positivist believe that science is only basis for real knowledge. Reason for conducting a positivism is determine laws which can be normalized in explaining the human behavior in the world. Positivist make use of observation and experiment in the study. • ONTOLOGY The Positivism research tradition adherent a realist ontology. Positivist argue human beings to discover the world which is made of quantifiable, perceptible and detectable by giving it sense and description.