By the 1870’s after the civil war white politicians abandoned the cause of protecting African Americans. In the former Confederacy local governments had created a legal system set to re establish a society based on white supremacy. African American men were mainly banned from voting. Legislation known as Jim Crow laws separated people of color from whites in schools, housing, jobs, and public gathering places. Denying black men the right to vote through legal maneuvering and violence was a first step in taking away their civil rights.
After the Civil War, African Americans went from bondage into gaining liberty. Twentieth President James A. Garfield stated, “The elevation of the Negro race from slavery to the full rights of citizenship is the most important political change we have known since the adoption of the constitution.” However, the centuries of racism, prejudice, and devaluation took its toll on Southern society, and they would take another century before all Blacks could vote unhindered. The ratification of civil rights legislation created only a beginning of a change because the Emancipation Proclamation failed to free all slaves, Whites did not view Blacks as social equals, and most Southern Whites would not cooperate with the new laws. The Emancipation
This was seen as a great change in racial segregation and had a huge impact on the civil-rights movement in America. Many years after the American Civil War, The civil rights of the African American population was constrained due to state laws and discrimination, which led to them not having the right to vote, the right to be treated equally and have the freedom of speech. By the 1950’s racial segregation became legal due to “Jim Crow” laws in many states which resulted in the separation of colours in public places, work places, transport, Education and of course Sport which include Baseball at the time. Civil rights movements commenced in the following years which led to the de-segregation of Public Schools in 1954.
Eisenhower ordered the 101st Airborne Division to protect the nine students because Orval Eugene Faubus, Governor of Arkansas, was against African American kids attending an all white school. Yet, the brave nine African American students faced racial barriers to become the first black students to attend an all white school. A few years before the Little Rock Nine crisis, schools were desegregated. The Brown v. Board Education case took on several other cases in South Carolina, Delaware, Kansas, and Virginia. The case was clearly described how an African American is unable to enter a segregated school because of their race.
Eventually over time and after a civil war, rights had been given to African Americans through the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments. Although these amendments gave rights, they were met by the force of discrimination, segregation, and the Jim Crow Laws. All of which blocked the rights or freedoms for African Americans. The Jim Crow Laws were laws that disenfranchised African Americans by making them pay a poll tax, pass a literacy test, and by making it to where African Americans could only vote if their grandfather had. This was called the Grandfather Clause.
However in 1865 the constitution finally outlawed slavery in the us.(13th amendment) The constitution stated that governments were prohibited from depriving a person 's life, liberty and property. Although slavery was abolished many African Americans were still deprived of their rights and were treated just as poorly as before. The reconstruction was not only a failure but was treated as a joke to all african americans. This idea is shown through laws against African Americans and the unfair way they were treated.
Throughout history, African-Americans had been denied basic human rights. In the 1900s the black community dealt with challenges, such as segregated schools, buses, bathrooms and racial oppression based upon their skin color. In the 1950s and 60s, mass nonviolent protests were organized by major Civil Rights groups and the roadway to racial equality was underway.
The Jim Crow laws claimed to be “Separate but equal”, they were anything but. The laws separated the blacks from the whites. They had separate stores, schools, and even drinking fountains. The Jim Crow laws separated the blacks from the whites, made life harder for the blacks, and when they were separated their stores, restaurants, and other things were not equal.
The Voting Rights Act was passed into law on August 6, 1965. The law prohibited the use of poll taxes and literacy tests that prevented Southern Blacks from voting. It also gave the federal government authority to supervise how poll taxes are conducted within places with disfranchised African Americans. After the Civil War, regardless of the 15th amendment, which banned the states from denying the right to vote of male citizens based on their race or previous condition of servitude before the war, discrimination was still around, prevented African Americans from voting. Many voting rights activists were also being mistreated violently.
and Asians join the African American community to protest for equal rights. The Black Lives Matter protest are relevant because young African Americans are being killed. “I ain 't no psychiatrist, I ain 't no doctor with degrees. It don 't take too much high IQ 's to see what you 're doing to me” (Lines 7-8). This quote in Aretha Franklin’s song “Think” highlights how both the African American community and women were limited to achievements that they could accomplish such as education, careers, and voting privileges.
Whites and blacks are not allowed in the same schools, churches, on the same bus, or restaurants, etc. the movement achieved equal rights in 1960 that ended discrimination against people because of their race. Many of the blacks living in the United States were not known as citizens to the whites and were not treated with respect. The 3 amendments are what helped the color
The Dred Scott case took us back a step by taking away a colored person 's right of freedom awarded to any US citizen. Similarly, the Plessy vs Ferguson case declared that every race needs their own separate school, theater, restaurant, etc. Finally, the Shelley vs Kraemer case ruled that black people can not be sold a house or property. In summary, "injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere"(“Martin Luther King, Jr. Quotes at BrainyQuote.com”) stated by Martin Luther King Jr. is the banner fought for the civil
Reconstruction, state legislatures throughout the South had passed laws mandating the separation of the races in every area of social life (marriage, education, housing, transportation, recreation, health care, etc..). Through the Jim Crow Laws and social custom, southern states had systematically developed a severe racial caste system (The Rough Guide to The Blues. 2007). The conditions for an African American in that time had it so a black person could not even contradict what a white person said or even speak to a white person unless spoken to first. A type of caste system was enforced. These weren 't only enforced by the government but by local citizens as well.
Segregation led to whites and blacks not being able to marry. The state argued that they couldn 't take away the right to marry because of their race. The fact that Virginia only prohibited marriage between whites and blacks is proof that thus alone caused the discrimination. Finally, J. Stewart argued that this state law wasn 't valid, which causes the act of discrimination. Many Supreme Court cases have experienced this, and has had the biggest impact on Civil Rights and Equality: Dred Scott vs. Sanford, Plessy v. Ferguson, and Loving v. Virginia.
Nearly 100 years after the Emancipation Proclamation, African Americans of the Southern States still inhabited a starkly unequal world of disenfranchisement, segregation and various forms of oppression, including race-inspired violence. “Jim Crow” laws at the local and state levels barred them from classrooms and bathrooms, from theaters and train cars, from juries and legislatures. In the year of 1954, the United States struck down the “separate but equal” doctrine that formed the basis for state-sanctioned discrimination, drawing national and international; attention to African Americans’ plight. In the turbulent decade and half that followed, civil rights activists used nonviolent protest and civil rights disobedience to bring about change.