On September 2nd, 1862, Abraham Lincoln famously signed the Emancipation Proclamation. After that, there’s been much debate on whether Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation truly played a role in freeing the slaves with many arguments opposing or favoring this issue. In Vincent Harding’s essay, The Blood-red Ironies of God, Harding argues in his thesis that Lincoln did not help to emancipate the slaves but that rather the slaves “self-emancipated” themselves through the war. On the opposition, Allen C Guelzo ’s essay, Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America, argues in favor of the Emancipation Proclamation and Guelzo acknowledges Lincoln for the abolishment of slavery through the Emancipation Proclamation.
Introduction Context Abraham Lincoln was the president of the United States of America from March 1861 until April 1865. During his term, he issued the famous Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, which declared that all slaves in rebel states would be “henceforth and forever after free”. This led to the ultimate abolition of slavery in the United States of America in January 1865, after more than 200 years of its existence there. This act, Lincoln said himself was, "the central act of my administration, and the greatest event of the 19th century." Since then, popular belief has held that Lincoln was the heroic “Great Emancipator”, who abolished slavery for humanitarian reasons, which are, by definition, reasons that are concerned with the welfare
The Emancipation Proclamation is one of the most well known speeches in US history, due to its influence on the views of African American slaves. However Lincoln, the president at the time, originally did not have a side to the argument of the equal treatment of the African American race. This view would soon start to slowly change with the start of the Civil War. With the coming of the civil war, the Union needed soldiers due to the fact that they were losing many battles, and the African American males were one of the only choices. The other reason would be that allowing slaves to be free in the North would cause a revolt from those that were enslaved in the south.
"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction (Greene, McAward 2014). This is the statement from the thirteenth amendment, which formally abolished slavery in the United States. The thirteenth amendment was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, but it was not ratified until December. Prior to the Civil War, in attempt to stop the war, Congress tried to pass a different draft of the thirteenth amendment, which had a different motive. In the first draft of the thirteenth amendment it allowed slave states to keep their slaves.
At the time of Lincoln's inauguration in 1861, seven states had seceded from the Union. Lincoln’s anti-slavery platform made him extremely unpopular with Southerners. He won the presidential election without the support of a single Southern state. Lincoln felt it was his sacred duty as President to preserve the Union. His first inaugural address was an appeal to the rebellious states to rejoin the nation.
President Lincoln issued the proclamation on Jan 1st, 1863 when the nation entered its 3rd year in the civil war. The reasoning for signing and enacting the proclamation was to change American life. Pres. Lincoln knew that once the proclamation was signed that everything would change, that African Americans would be considered as part of the American Life versus property of slave owners. President Lincoln was labeled a the great emancipator and he wanted to live up to that name, when he signed the proclamation he had hoped it would elevate the effort and show the people of the nation that he was a great wartime commander in chief.
Many african american had to fight for their right to defend their country and to receive fair and equal treatment in the military. The legacy of their courageous struggles and their service helped the united states to realize its highest ideal of freedom. the civil war,they had the worst jobs and the worst weapons. They also did not having the right to vote or to have an education, according to the article “ civil war black soldiers” the confederate declared that all african american fighting for the union should be treated as rebels and slaves and they would be put to death if they were caught by a confederate.
Abraham Lincoln set out with a plan for Radical Reconstruction after the Civil War, but he was murdered 3 days after his about it. Which meant Andrew Jackson would have to carry out he Reconstruction. Of course he didn’t quite agree with some of Lincoln’s ideas, so he formed his own plans. His plans were very lenient because they allowed the South free reign to rebuild. This is when the black codes came into play.
Allen Guelzo and Vincent Harding approached Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation and the eventual abolition of slavery from two very different viewpoints. The major disagreement between them is whether the slaves freed themselves, or Abraham Lincoln and his Emancipation Proclamation freed them. Harding argued the former view, Guelzo took the later. When these essays are compared side by side Guelzo’s is stronger because, unlike Harding, he was able to keep his own views of American race relations out of the essay and presented an argument that was based on more than emotion. Allen Guelzo
The American Civil War was intended to preserve the Union but ended in a war for emancipation for slaves. This process was a gradual one used for military tactics and ultimately to ensure a vision of free man was accomplished. April 12th, 1861 was the start of a four year long battle that would revolutionize the United States of America. Abraham Lincoln played a huge role in this war that began and ended with different motives.
The Emancipation Proclamation- How it Changed the Civil War The Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in some areas. Some places still held rebellion. According to History.com, “Lincoln issued the final Emancipation Proclamation, which declared “that all persons held as slaves” within the rebel states “are, and henceforward shall be free.”