Ames, 1992; Dweck & Leggett, 1988; Elliot & Church, 1997; Elliot & Harackiewicz, 1996; Maehr & Midgley, 1991; Midgley, Arunkumar, & Urdan, 1996). These researchers have examined and defined goal orientation in various terms. Most of the model propose two general goal orientations, which concern on the reason or aim of an individual when approaching and engaging in a learning process. Mastery, learning, task goal orientation, stand for similar understanding where learners are trying to develop new skills and gain in depth learning to improve their competence. For performance goal orientation learners are focusing on their performance of gaining positive judgement or public recognition and avoiding negative judgment, they are focusing on demonstrating their ability and skills to
The first text is a video of Charles Barkley, who was a famous NBA player. He joined a Nike campaign in 1993 called “I am not a role model” that aimed to promote the acceptance that athletes are not role models. Even though this was a long time ago, this video is still used as an example when relating to this controversial topic and strongly positions the audience to agree. The target audience of this video is people who view and think of athletes as role models. Children especially view famous people as role models and tend to think athletes as one of them.
It would work out better if the adult explains to the child what was done and how to fix it than to punish with negative reinforcement. Whether you’re applying positive punishment and removing negative reinforcement, these two methods do not last very long and don’t benefit the child in any way. Behavior has consequences and consequences influence behavior. This is a voluntary response strengthened by positive reinforcement to increase and strengthen behavior. This type of response is more likely to happen.
However, the damages should not be exaggerated to a point of banning the competitions. Necessary measures should be affirmed and protected by the referees to ensure the competitions are safe. When injuries occur in the competitions, they should be handled accordingly to avoid extension that may cause permanent damage to the player. It is vital to make the sports enjoyable as they are like any other sport. There are fans for the sports, and they must be considered in international competitions.
One theory is that diversity of inputs (e.g., resources, perspectives) generates more diverse outputs. Hence, greater variation of inputs should enhance the chances of a breakthrough idea (Harvey, 2014). Creativity is treated as a process with inputs and outputs, an arrangement which is amenable to the traditional, linear I-P-O model of team
Most times, people make the mistake of choosing goals because they saw these goals being achieved by others without putting in mind the approach and mindset that the other person actually put into achieving that goal. However, the truth is that what works for one person doesn’t necessarily work for the other. You need to realize your incentive for pursuing this action. Knowing that will help you to stay focused and basically stop at nothing in achieving that objective. A good way to ascertain your goals is to perform what we call a perspective test.
Education always comes first. I intend to build these beliefs by treating players fairly, and by motivating them to try and better themselves. I will stress the core values taught by athletics and how these apply to other aspects of life. I will also emphasize that sports are important, but should not be a young athlete’s main priority. I won’t force these players to put football over education, and will be lenient when a player needs more time to work on schoolwork, for
However, on the other hand, other researchers argue that perfectionism is a maladaptive trait that can negatively affect the athlete instead of benefiting their performance. In continuation, the perfectionism in athletes has been related to their characteristics/ personalities that can challenge their athletic performance, which is sometimes due to anxiety. Sometimes perfectionism in athletic performance can prevent athletes to execute to their fullest ability because they are concerned with making sure their performance is to the tee. Researches state that perfectionism can be a facet of both good and bad with difference dimensions. Good in the sense that it is positive, motivating and adaptable, on the other hand it can be bad in the sense of negative, destructive and maladaptive practices.