Convergent Intelligence: The Relationship Between Intelligence And Creativity

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Intelligence and creativity are two chief mental abilities that largely influence the performances and accomplishments of individuals. Intelligence is considered as the “capability to act purposefully, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with the environment”, whereas creativity is regarded as the “ability to generate novel and useful ideas” (Neisser et al., 1996; Sternberg & Lubart, 1999; Wechsler, 1944).The relationship between intelligence and creativity is not fully recognized, although recent research proposes that intelligent people certainly crave higher levels of creativity. Research also implies that intelligence and creativity coincide, meaning that intelligent individuals have a high capacity for creativity, and vice versa. This is slightly contradicts to former ideas that implied creativity raises intelligence levels. It takes only a minimal amount of creativity to exploit on intelligence. Psychologists notify that the absence of a correlation between convergent and divergent intelligence is not necessarily indicative of a absence of a relationship between intelligence and creativity.

Two different types of operations that are considered as mental bases for exerting intelligence and creativity are convergent thinking and divergent thinking, respectively. (Guilford, 1967). Convergent thinking involves a single solution, whereas divergent thinking involves a broad search for information and the generation of numerous novel answers

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