Characteristics Of Cooperative Learning

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Cooperative learning is defined as an approach to organize classroom activities so that students are able to learn from and interact with another as well as from the teacher (Olsen & Kagan, 1992). In addition, cooperative learning is a within-class grouping of students, who learn to work together in such a way that all students in the group benefit from the interactive experience (Kessler, 1992). Armstrong (2000) states the use of groups that work toward common instructional goals as the core of the cooperative learning model. Cooperative learning can also be defined as a system of learning techniques and concrete teaching , rather than an approach, in which students are active agents in the process of learning through small group structures…show more content…
In Piaget’s perspective, people make sense of the world and actively create their own knowledge through direct experience with objects, people, and ideas. The social theory of Bandura (1971) emphasized the importance of modeling and observing the attitude, behaviors and emotional reactions of others. Social learning theory explained human behavior in terms of continuous reactions between behavioral, cognitive and environmental influences. Social learning theory also emphasizes teamwork, which is one of the main characteristics of cooperative learning (Murray, 1994). According to Murray(1994) When members of the group try to achieve a common goal, the mutual dependency will motivate them to go on for the benefit of the team, and in the process they succeed. In addition, when all the members of the team succeed in learning from an assignment, or when the group’s overall achievement is up to a certain standard, it provides students with an incentive to participate in a group of effort by giving a joint…show more content…
CSR includes many features of effective instruction, as defined by Palinscar and Brown (1984) (as cited in Kim et al., 2006), by utilizing four comprehension strategies before, during, and after reading as well as emphasizing cooperative group work, collaboration, and clearly specified procedures. The goal of the CSR intervention is to increase student text
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