Cooperative learning and its application in the field of economics 1. Introduction Do cooperative learning methods actually help students? Do they help student complete the gauntlet that is the modern course in economics, and do they help young adult, fresh out of university to assimilate in to the work place and overcome its myriad of challenges? With the advancement of the human race a greater understanding of the psychology of the mind has allowed educators to create learning methods – under which cooperative learning is the most well-known – that allow learners in any setting to reach their full potential. The aim of this assignment is to discuss whether or not cooperative learning methods actually help students.
2.1 Cooperative Learning Model According to (Christison, 1990) cooperative learning is a classroom learning approach which is used to increase motivation and retention, to help students to develop positive thoughts about themselves and their friends .This helps to develop students ability to solve problems and think critically and helping the student to develop cooperative skills. Cooperative learning model is an active process where students work in small teams/groups, each with students of different levels of ability, using a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. Students have opportunities to actively participate in their learning, question and challenge each other, share and discuss their ideas,
Cooperative Learning is a term generally used to explain an educational approach which aims to categorize classroom activities into academic and social learning experience. It is important to the pupils that cooperative learning could be one way to improve the intellectual ability of students. Cooperative learning is an instructional method in which pupils work together as a team to achieve a specific goal or objective. There are many studies that have been conducted that is out lined the value of cooperative learning. One such was conducted by Felder (1994) who found that students became so familiar to working in groups that this work translated into other courses.
What is collaborative learning? Collaborative learning is an informative way to deal with teaching and learning that involves groups of students working together to tackle an issue, finish a task, or make a product. According to Gerlach (as cited in McLaren, 2014), collaborative learning is “based on the idea that learning is a naturally social act in which the participants talk among themselves.” When collaborative learning strategies are utilized to support instruction, students have a tendency to be more engaged, retain information better and have better learning results over those of individual learners (McLaren, 2014). Collaborative learning situation is an important move away from the typical teacher centered or lecture- centered process
Some of the advantages that researchers have found when studying co-operative learning are as follows (World Education Inc., http://www.kapekh.org/files/report_file/38-en.pdf) : • Learning : This includes (i) Increased academic learning, (ii) Increased critical thinking ability, (iii) More time spent on learning tasks (less day dreaming), (iv) Increased student retention, (v) Increased student motivation to learn and (vi) Enhanced student satisfaction with their learning experience. • Social Development : This includes (i) Reduction in disruptive behaviour, (ii) Development of peer relationships, (iii) Promoting student self-esteem, (iv) Students use of appropriate social skills and (v) Improved attitude towards school. • Communication
Accordingly, in cooperative classrooms, the students are expected to help each other, to discuss and argue with sharing their ideas.it helps to assess each other’s current knowledge and fill in gaps in each other understands. According to Johnson and Johnson (1989) and Colburn (1991) described cooperative learning as one which promotes positive interdependence, face to face promotive interaction, individual accountability, social skills, group processing, shared leadership and responsibility for each
1.0 Introduction Cooperative learning is an approach in which small groups of students cooperate and work together on a general task to accomplish an objective. Cooperative learning also is a planned and an organized scheme to utilize in small groups to improve students’ learning. As mentioned by Beth Lewis (2016), cooperative learning is a form of active learning where students work together to perform specific tasks in a small group. Etin Solahetin (2008) stated that cooperative learning implies as an attitude or behavior in work or help in co-operation between the members of the regular structure of the group, which consists of two or more people in which the work is strongly influenced by the success of each member of the group.
Even the student’s point of view about the collaborative learning is positive. In a study, Tunnard and Sharp (Tunnard & Sharp, 2009) review the children feedback on collaborative learning. Their findings suggested that children perceived collaboration as an important learning way. Integration of technology has positive effects too in the learning outcomes of the students. The findings states that Stop motion animation helped in promoting creative learning and stimulated engagement, collaboration and anatomy (Pugh, 2013).
Others support this argument by stating that Cooperative learning can be an effective way to manage the classroom, to contribute to the development of social skills, to acquire a better knowledge of concepts, to improve problem solving skills as well as to increase communicative and linguistic skills. Due to the interactional nature of language, learning a language in a Cooperative environment let the students integrate the language and content if adequate learning conditions are established. (Fathman & Kessler, 1993). Likewise, Johnson and Johnson (2005) pointed out the use of cooperative learning to promote a culturally plural society within school. One of the topics they discussed was research on the use of cooperative learning and its positive influence on diversity.
Cooperative learning is one of the strategies which learners can implement to increase their reading comprehension. Cooperative learning is defined by Oslen and Kagan (1992) as "group learning activity organized so that learning is dependent on the socially-structured exchange of information between learners in groups, and in which each learner is held accountable for his or her own learning and is motivated to increase the learning of others" (p. 8). Some scholars mention it as an effective teaching method in EFL (Brown,