Cooperative learning model is an active process where students work in small teams/groups, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. Students have opportunities to actively participate in their learning, question and challenge each other, share and discuss their ideas, and adopt their learning. Ross and Smyth (1995) describe successful cooperative learning tasks as intellectually demanding, creative, open-ended, and involve higher order thinking tasks. In this model, it is essential to create a positive climate where interpersonal skills can be promoted so that positive emotions will be fostered among learners. Cooperative learning also helps the learners to feel empowered and respected to prepare them to face real
The middle school model uses various modes of instruction that benefit various of learners. The middle school model uses student centered approaches to learning. Inquiry learning and interactive learning are also emphasized in the middle school model. Differentiation is used to meet the needs of all unique learners. Cooperative learning, discussions, student inquires, and projects are used to meet the needs of auditory, visual, kinesthetic learners.
Nicol and Macfarlane-Dick (2006) indicate that “formative assessment can promote the development of capacities and attitudes used in lifelong learning. Assessment-centred or student-centred learning environments also emphasize congruence between learning goals and what is assessed”. Formative assessment is going on all an ideal opportunity to give feedback on what understudies are figuring out how to distinguish accomplishment and areas for further work. Additionally, for the educator or teachers to evaluate effectiveness of instructing or teaching and provide a feed forward or to centre feasible arrangements. “Good feedback practice is not only about providing accessible and usable information that helps students improve their learning, but it is also about providing good information to teachers” (Nicol and Macfarlane, 2006, p. 214).
Communication with students I chose this criterion because teachers communicate with students for several independent, but related, purposes: they convey that teaching and learning are purposeful activities; they make that purpose clear to students, and they provide clear directions for classroom activities so that students know what to do; when additional help is appropriate, teachers model these activities. ---One example of a good classroom practise is: In the course of a presentation of content, the teacher asks students, “Can anyone think of an example of that?” 2. Using Questioning and Discussion Techniques I chose this criterion because it is important that questioning and discussion be used as techniques to deepen student understanding rather than serve as recitation, or a verbal “quiz” and because high-quality questions encourage students to make connections among concepts or events previously believed to be unrelated and to arrive at new understandings of complex material.---One example of a good classroom practise is: The teacher poses a question, asking every student to write a brief response and then share it with a partner, before inviting a few to offer their ideas to the entire
(1995) conducted a study about Collaborative Learning Enhances Critical Thinking, The idea of Collaborative learning in, the gathering and blending of Students with the end goal of accomplishing a scholastic objective, has been generally inquired about and pushed all through the expert writing. The expression "Collaborative learning" refers to a guideline technique in which Students at different execution levels cooperate in little groupings toward a shared objective. The students are in charge of each other 's learning and also on their own. Along these lines, the achievement of one Student causes different Students to be
They are turning around their approach into a focus on creating positive school climate and responsive classroom as part of holistic quality education based on child rights where there is effective teaching and classroom management, thus enhancing students’ learning experiences. The motivational psychology researchers discovered several useful approaches and practices that can be implemented in the classroom for effective learning to take place (Miller, 2012). Teachers are using differentiation to support teaching and learning. Differentiation can vary in pace, activities, resources, teaching and learning styles in an attempt to best meet the needs of individual student. Various teaching strategies such as cooperative learning, active learning, role play and games and pedagogic tools are being integrated in educational theories in meaningful and useful ways to encourage task or learning achievements.
Differentiation, with respect to instruction, means tailoring it to meet individual needs of the students. Teachers can differentiate content, process, products, or the learning environment, the use of ongoing assessment and flexible grouping makes this a successful approach to instruction. Teachers differentiate the four classroom elements based on student readiness, interest, or learning profile. (Tomlinson 2000). Differentiated instruction can be known as an organizing framework in teaching and learning which calls for a major restructuring in the classroom and syllabus, if done in the proper way, its benefits will transgress the costs.
2. The Advantages of Treffinger Learning Model The advantages of applying Treffinger learning model according to Huda (2013: p. 320) are as follows: a. Make the students more active in learning and have confidence to speak their ideas. b. Develop students' thinking skills because it presented a problem in the early learning and provide flexibility to students to find their own solutions.
In schools today, many teachers influence Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) on their students in various classrooms to show the importance of group work and how working with others can be significantly helpful and also effective towards the improvement of grades. Peer assisted learning strategies have not only shown an improvement in students’ grades in school, but also serve the purpose of helping students learn to listen to others perspectives besides their own, and develop their own voice resulting in an increase in their own self-confidence. Peer-assisted learning strategies were created to serve the needs of those having difficulties in various academics, and are also used to aid English Language learners. These peer-tutoring programs are
For example, this sort of curriculum change is known as the whole-class, small group method, such as peer-matching, small grouping, and supportive groups, is utilized as a way to achieve academic and behavioral objectives. Students recognized these alternative groups as positive model that enhances results for students (Elbaum, Vaughn, Hughes, and Moody,