Being diagnosed with COPD is devasting, but the disease does not have to ruin your life. There are several ways to manage the disease. Some treatments require medical treatment, and other treatments require medical intervention. In the early stages if COPD, quitting smoking can reduce the effects of COPD. In the later stages of the disease, many doctors recommend treating the disease with medications or surgery.
It is described as being a “progressive lung disorder characterized by persistent airflow obstruction and chronic respiratory symptoms in response to inhaled cigarette smoke or other irritants or a deficiency of alpha-1-antitrypsin” (Krishnan et al., 2015, p. 70). Acute exacerbations of COPD are common and often leads to patients being hospitalized. The frequency of hospitalization tends to worsen with disease progression. Acute exacerbations of COPD are associated with a decreased quality of life, increased healthcare costs and increased mortality (Marchetti, Criner, & Albert, 2013). In the United States it is estimated that there are approximately 24 million adults with COPD (Pietrangelo, 2015).
Purpose This project will expand students’ knowledge on cystic fibrosis. Students will understand the causes and effects of the disorder, how it affects the body, and the available treatment options for this disease. This topic is relevant because cystic fibrosis is the leading cause of death due to genetic causes in the United States, primarily for children and young adults.
A nursing diagnosis for COPD could be anxiety for a lot of people. The majority of people who have COPD struggle with anxiety. The reason is because when someone is having a hard time breathing, there brain tells them that something is wrong and freaks out, causing them to have anxiety. Anxiety is a feeling of worry or panic that arises from thoughts or do not have immediate relevance. When somebody is experiencing anxiety, the brain sends signals for more air, which can cause the heart rate to rise.
This started to affect my athletics since I had difficulty breathing every time I played. By this time, even playing in the yard seemed to appear daunting. My academics started to suffer as well. Going into high school, I started to cough every 10 seconds. As it
Al Waysmoking was a 72 year-old retired factory worker who was a chain smoker. He is experiencing fatigue, shortness of breath, but continues to smoke. Upon exam his Nurse Practitioner notes that he has a prolonged expiratory phase, expiratory wheezes, and an increased anteroposterior chest diameter. His nail beds were cyanotic and he had moderate pitting edema. Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT) revealed that Al had a decreased VC and an increased RV and FRC.
Hyaline membranes help to the development of fibrosis and atelectasis (collapse) essential to decrease in gas exchange capability and lung dysfunction. These changes cause the lungs to become stiff, patient work hard to inspire. Hypoxemia and the stimulation of juxtacapillary receptors in the stiff lung parenchyma leading to increase respiratory rate and decrease in tidal volume. Breathing irregular increase carbon dioxide removal,
Diseases or illnesses affecting the lungs cause the flow of air and blood into and out of your lungs to become impaired. Obstruction in the airflow impairs the lower airways from clearing out mucus which in turn creates an ideal environment for infection. Inflammation in the airways occurs and makes matters worse for the lungs. Inflammation with COPD damages the system responsible for the clearing of mucus in the airways. The risk of developing pneumonia for those with COPD is greater due to already weakened lungs and the inability to filter bacteria and viruses. If treatment for pneumonia is prolonged, it can lead to physical changes within the lungs causing the exchange of oxygen to be greatly diminished and results in respiratory failure.
PULMONARY OEDEMA Introduction Pulmonary oedema is defined as the build-up of fluid in the lungs usually due to Left ventricular failure and also a result of non-cardiogenic complications (Deepak, 2010). In this essay the three main causes of oedema will be explained, the pathophysiology, the intensity factors and the management in a pre-hospital setting. Causes of Pulmonary Oedema The two main causes of oedema are cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic. Cardiogenic pulmonary oedema is defined as the build-up of fluid in the lungs usually due to Heart failure.
From these questions that were given out by Dr. Frander, many students should have a great understanding what to expect to the mid-term exam. Dr. Frander really encouraged us to study because most of these questions are difficult. For instance, she gave us an example in a patient who has COPD/ emphysema. What we have concluded from this question what they are looking for the emphysema patients don’t have a problem of taking air in rather they have a problem of taking the air out. The main problem of the emphysema, they have a lot of mucus, and the alveoli which where the gas exchange takes is impaired.
Asthma is a common condition of the Respiratory system characterised by periods of muscle constriction or inflammation (swelling and excess mucous production) involving the bronchial tubes (airways) thus causing difficulty in breathing. The Respiratory system has a major role in the function of breathing by exchanging gases throughout the body’s muscles and tissues and external environment. The respiratory system composes of several organs responsible for the process of breathing; these include the nose, mouth, trachea (windpipe) and the lungs. These major body parts are involved in, and responsible for, the process of respiration whereby oxygen is inhaled and carried throughout the body and the blood stream, while exchanging and eliminating carbon dioxide from the body through exhalation, thus allowing us to live.
Lung volume and lung capacity are two measurements of respiratory health and measured during pulmonary functions tests. It is show the physical condition of the lungs. Pulmonary ventilation, or breathing, is the process of air flowing into the lungs during inspiration (inhalation) and out of the lungs during expiration (exhalation). Air flows because of pressure differences between the atmosphere and the gases inside