Copyright and Piracy University of the People Introduction: Getting into a profession, which if you are good at comes with a lot of power over unsuspecting people, an individual can go crazy drunk with power to be able to control people’s lives. Well, I’ve chosen that profession and I know that I’m quite good at it, so it is important for me to know my own boundaries, so does every other individual who can hack. It is a scary little world out there. Why copyright laws are important? Before knowing why it is important, we need to know what it is.
The Magna Carta, signed in 1215, mainly secured liberties for England’s elite classes, but it has helped the fundamental principles of common law in constitutions around the world. The Magna Carta's influence on the constitution allowed specific rights from it be included in the US Constitution's Bill of Rights. An example of this would be the similarities between the Magna Carta's thirty ninth clause and the Bill of Rights seventh and fifth amendment. “No free man shall be seized or imprisoned … except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land” (Magna Carta, clause 39).This clause refers to the guarantee that courts will
On the one hand, we have a very short period, albeit by using very rigid and painful measures, not to destroy the old system, but to build a solid foundation on which those who deserve the penalty will pay it. On the other hand, those who dispense justice will not even think that the law has the rank, status, and most importantly the price. The main goal of reforming Criminal Justice is a prosperous society where the right and duty of a single citizen have unquestioning force for State itself and each individual
Fair use is a significant term in copyright field, which means any copying of copyrighted material done for a limited and “transformative” purpose, such as to comment upon, criticize, or parody a copyrighted work can be done without permission from the copyright owner. The creation of intellectual works are not isolated, but usually based on the outstanding achievements of predecessors, so that protection of intellectual rights are not absolute protection as ordinary property, however, the public interests should also be taken into consideration, which enabling society can share the achievement of creations under some conditions. So that fair use is the central rules to keep the balance between authors, publishers, and the users of the copyrighted materials. Fair use doctrine originated from UK copyright law. In 1710, in order to encourage authors and publishers to invest in publishing, and create more works, United Kingdom enacted the world 's first copyright law-- Statute of Anne.
3. COMMERCIAL COPYRIGHT AND SOFTWARE The copyright law grants the author of a novel, the producer of music and an artist, a bundle of exclusive rights over their work so in order to exclude others from exercising any right over their creation. However, in case of any unlawful infringement of these specific rights the copyright owner is required to bear heavy expenditure in terms of both money and time if he approaches the courts through the ordinary litigation procedure. In order to overcome the shortcomings of the litigation system, companies have begun to adopt other means for settlement of their disputes. Arbitration gained momentum in the Corporate world when International Business Machines (IBM) and Fujitsu announced an arbitrated settlement
Usually, copyright means the absolute right to an original or reproduced work. Copyright also applies to subject-matters other than the works such as sound recordings, communication signals, and performers’ performances. 2. What copyright protects? Works Copyright applies to all literary, musical, dramatic, and artistic original works that met all the conditions provided in the Copyright Act.
CHAPTER 3: COPYRIGHT DEFINITION OF COPYRIGHT: Copyright is a form of intellectual property. Just like in property law the copyright law provides the creator with the ownership rights i.e. he can sell it, leave it to his heirs, donate it or lease it, he can even divide it and he can protect it from almost any kind of trespass. For example a composer of music can sell his tune to another person, or allow it to be used by someone else in return for recognition or a payment. In case someone tries to use it without his prior permission or proper licensing then the owner can sought for legal action against the trespasser.
INTRODUCTION Copyright is one of the most important part of Intellectual Property Laws. World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) defines copyright as “Copyright (or author’s right) is a legal term used to describe the rights that creators have over their literary and artistic works. Works covered by copyright range from books, music, paintings, sculpture, and films, to computer programs, databases, advertisements, maps, and technical drawings.” Copyrights give the protection to the author with respect to various things. These things will vary from country to country and are the subject to the statute of the place or law of the land. The conditions relating to the rights, their term, validity etc .
Liberalism has evolved over time and mostly seen because of many ideologies that have either been tried and tested or rejected. According to (Raz 1986) it is a political tradition that has developed and become a more popular political force in the western world. By this concept of liberalism we mean to highlight the essence of freedom and equality as well as justice and fairness for the individual. It places importance on the rule of law, also meaning that the 'pen is mightier than the sword '. In liberalism many other concepts are generated and reborn, although making it a quiet complex and broad ideology it opens one 's eye and gives a clear understanding on what really influences the society; political and economic world at large.
DNA evidence is vital in helping the search for truth in many criminal cases such as a murder case, rape case or up any serious case. The offenders of these cases often committed because they do not want people to see their crime event’s doing. Some case against life, the offenders are a highly skilled and cover their actions by destroying evidence. In rape case, the rape scene or event which not only affects the body and mind of a rape victim, but also affect the confidence of the society toward with law enforcement. However, the evolution of scientific and DNA technological advances play a role in helping the criminal justice system.