The study found that “specific characteristics of a juvenile sexual offense have not proven to be reliable predictors of future offending (Caldwell, 2009).” It’s important to know this so that if current policies are not effective, we can look at new and possibly more effective ways of handling these types of things that could prove to be more effective. The third article is “Female and Male Sex Offenders: A Comparison of Recidivism Patterns and Risk Factors” by Naomi Freeman.
Jennifer states,” For the record,the nation is NOT sentencing children to die in prison”, which is very accurate as well. The nation is just punishing them due to their actions that they did they didn't take them in for them to die. It's just for them to learn from their mistakes & think about what they've done to be in that situation. Her personal story of her sister was really emotional to me just the fact that she begged for her unborn baby's life,and yet the minor still didn't
Not only does Berstein call for an overall reform of this nation’s juvenile prisons, she goes as far as saying the practice of locking up youth is in need of a “more profound than incremental and partial reform” (13). The fact that Bernstein outlines the numerous failed strategies and goals of this practice with her compelling use of studies and statistics is enough to promote an audience to reject the practice of locking up youth. The statistic she shares that “four out of five juvenile parolees [will be] back behind bars within three years of release” as well as the studies she conducted on numerous instances when a guards abuse of power lead to the death of a child work to further prove her point: being that “institution[s] as intrinsically destructive as the juvenile prison” have no place in a modern society (13, 83). Bernstein refutes this false sense effectiveness further by sharing her own ideas on what she believes works as a much more humane solution to rehabilitating
As many as 80 percent of the girls in some states’ juvenile justice systems have a history of sexual or physical abuse, according to a report released Thursday. Girls referred to the juvenile justice system who are disproportionately impoverished African-Americans, Latinos and Native Americans have a thirty-one percent chance of being sexually abused, compared to seven percent of boys in the system. The people who work in the Woman’s Rights Program have come in and said that the girls are not okay and that something needs to be done about it. Many people are now getting to the point of protesting in other countries to stop the abuse and sexual assault from the staff. The boys and girls at these Juvenile Detention centers and the inmates in these facilities are still people that need a course to learn that, however they got into that place is really wrong, but to teach it in a abusive way of sexual assault is not okay and needs to be changed
With the costs to participate and complete a residential day reporting center program running up to nearly 25% less than traditional incarceration for the same time period, it can be seen that there are financial benefits to this type of alternative sentencing. Politically, using an alternative approach to incarceration shows that the government administration has a concern for all members of the community including those who are guilty of the criminal offense, the family members of those sentenced individuals, the local employers who would benefit from maintaining their workforce, as well as the taxpayers who would not have to support such a large expense for retribution, especially if recidivism rates can be significantly impacted through the program
The article, The Steep Costs of Keeping Juveniles in Adult Prisons by Jessica Lahey states that “due to the imbalance of power between children and adults, not to mention between children and prison staff, sexual abuse of juveniles in adult prison is underreported; fewer than one in 10 of the juveniles surveyed reported their abuse.” ( ). The adult prison is not safe because of the abuses between the staff and juvenile, they need to be aware of what happens in the adult system. Lahey wants to show how dangerous the adult system is by stating what actually happens in prison to the juveniles because of the adult prisoners and the staff. Lahey also explains about how the lack of services and safety, “juveniles housed in adult prisons are 36 times more likely to commit suicide than juveniles housed apart from adult offenders.”
Alexander explains how discretion is granted at almost every stage of the legal system, especially regarding the discretion that prosecutors have, jury selection and policing. Also, many of those arrested either get no legal representation or are given public defenders who are too overworked to truly dedicate their time, and rarely go to trial due to the pressures of guilty plea bargains. To add to the misfortune, arrestees are not told how a guilty plea will negatively damage the rest of their life, due to debt, denial of public assistance, loss of voting rights, and the social label of being a felon. Innocent family members are punished sometimes too, for if they are caught housing a criminal they can face losing their home, food stamps, and welfare. Alexander makes it clear that convicted criminals aren’t the only ones being affected by the vicious consequences of the legal system, but that their families are
As of the year 2016, there are an estimated 324,118,787 people living in America. 324,118,787 people consider themselves to be Americans and 324,118,787 people have decided that America really is worthy enough to be called home. These people, whether they were born within the country or emigrated from another country, comingle in this melting pot of a nation, sharing grocery stores and hospitals and neighborhoods and all the ideologies that make up American society, and each of these people have their own lives and opinions and personal beliefs. All of these people, all (roughly) 324,118,787 of them, fall under the definition of an American – a person who lives in America, because there is simply no other way to define what an American is when
Sabah Hasan 12.12.14 Shaun Adams English 1010 ESSAY #3 In the 1960’s discrimination was a major issue, and thought times have change now it is also a very prominent issue. This problem should have been abolished s along with slavery. It is a problem that is very difficult to solve because it is instilled in people from the time they are born. There are many sides to discrimination; there is racial, economical, and institutional discrimination, segregation, etc.
Davis specifies that the lack of accountability for inappropriate behavior is caused by faulty administrative action as she explains, “Grievance or investigatory procedures, where they exist, are often ineffectual...” (78). Since women’s prisons were established, sexual abuse has been used as a form of punishment, although this is not formally acknowledged by prison officials, it is undeniable that women’s prison staff more than oftentimes engage in sexual
Within this quote we see that in St. Clair prison, inmates get raped and stabbed. These are reasons why prisons should be reformed. Prisoners shouldn’t be hurt for whatsoever problems. Conversely, Penal Reform International article suggested different reasons to reform prisons one that stood out to reform the particular prison in Alabama was this, Provide a healthy, safe environment. “Spaces that are filled with sunlight, outside views, therapeutic color schemes and normalized materials, encourage inmates’ participation, reduce stress, incidents and assaults and decrease staff absenteeism.”
The article, Macomb county jail to get full-body scanner for inmates describes the new technology in Macomb county prison in Detroit, Michigan. The full body scanner, which will be installed in order to prevent the inmates from bringing drugs, weapons, or other contrabands inside the prison. According to Kent county sheriff, Lawrence Stelma, these scanners are expensive, but quite effective (Hall, 2016). The article states that smuggling contraband is one of the biggest issue in the prison system. Many inmates tend to hide objects such as, drugs, illegal substances, copper wires, and so forth. inside their body cavities which may go through the initial security.
In “Letter from Birmingham Jail” Martin Luther King responds to the clergymen’s critics of his actions by justifying why action is needed. King describes the long-awaited freedom and equality the black community has been waiting for. He discusses about time being neutral, and how it can be used constructively or destructively. King explains that action needs to be taken, and used constructively in order for things to change. Just like King, Terry Tempest Williams, in her own ways uses time constructively to take action for her family and the rest of the victims of the atomic bomb testings. Because time is neutral, waiting and not taking action will not change anything. People are held accountable for what they do with time. In order for change to occur, action needs to be taken.
1. Explain the author's primary point. The author seeks to bring to light the unfair treatment of the Negros by the whites in the places they live in. He also seeks to show that leaders only make empty promises to their people. Brutal cases are most among the Negros as they are attacked and their cases go unnoticed or ignored.