Muscles in the jaw and tongue, required for proper speech and oral movements can be impacted by cerebral palsy which can cause difficulty talking, drooling, chewing and even breathing. Depending on the type of cerebral palsy you have, there are different impairments involving speech. People with spastic cerebral palsy have slow and tend to struggle with oral movements that require a lot of effort. Athetoid cerebral palsy cases have difficulty controlling their face movements. They cannot control their movements that their face makes and vocal cords, this results in random sounds and mumbling.
Of course, the condition will most likely involve a heart problem, which is discovered at birth, along with a webbed neck, chest deformities, many birth marks, also known as café-au-lait spots, and a short stature. The features of this syndrome are not fully known, considering the fact that there are numerous characteristics and no two infected individuals have the same exact features. Like in most other disease cases, there are lists of more minor symptoms that can occur in an individual. In infants and newborns, feeding problems are present, due to a poor sucking reflex. Behavioral problems and developmental delays can occur, which causes the individual to achieve milestones slower, such as sitting and walking.
Treacher Collins syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the development of craniofacial. It results abnormalities in face and head due to hypoplasia of facial structures such as the lower jaw (mandible), cheekbones and abnormal small chin micrognathia. In addition, some patients with this syndrome are also born with an abnormal opening in the roof of the mouth (cleft palate), but in severe cases, hypoplasia of the facial bones may restrict the infant’s airway of breathing causing life-threatening respiratory
Symptoms may range from a localized, limited form (ocular myasthenia), which affects the eye muscles, to a generalized, severe form, which affects many muscles, including those involved in breathing. Eye symptoms may manifest as drooping of the eyelids, blurred vision, or double vision. Other symptoms of myasthenia gravis include waddling or unstable gait, changes in facial expression, difficulty swallowing, impaired speech, shortness of breath, and weakness of the arms, hands, legs, and neck. When to See a Doctor Consult your doctor immediately if you experience difficulty
The abnormalities include defects of the mitral and tricuspid valves, patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect and hypoplastic left heart syndrome which are the principal causes of decreased life-expectancy in these patients. (6) The presented case also demonstrated characteristic findings of EVCS which included polydactyly of the hands and feet and history of congenital cardiac defect which was operated two years ago. EVCS is a condition with a diverse oral manifestations which include hyperplastic frenula, absence of mucobuccal fold , serrations of the alveolar ridge, partial cleft lip, neonatal teeth, peg shaped laterals , partial anodontia, conical and microdontic teeth and delayed eruption of teeth. (10) In the present case, we reported similar dental manifestations like oligodontia, generalized microdontia, serrations of alveolar ridge, conical shaped teeth with abnormal occlusal anatomy, multiple labial freni, delayed eruption of teeth which was suggestive of
Children that are diagnosed with Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome start to appear with small and dark spots that are noticeable certain areas of the body. These spots are located on the lips, inside the mouth, and around the eyes. They can also appear around the nostril cavity and may even surround the anus. Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome has
This overall appearance gives a faint radiolucent image hence commonly termed as "Ghost teeth". The other terminologies for RO are Odontogenic dysplasia, Localized arrest tooth development, Unilateral dental malformation, Odontogenesis imperfect and Familial amelodentinal dysplasia.2 The etiology of RO remains unclear however numerous factors like local trauma, teratogenic drugs, Rh incompatability, neural damage, nutritional and vitamin defeciency etc have been considered. The maxilla is affected twice as often as the mandible. It is usually unilateral but rarely bilateral & rarely crosses the midline. Females are affected more often than males (1.4:1).3 This is an interesting case reportof bilateral mandibular involvement, a feature that is rarely reported in
Introduction: Intussusception is a common gastrointestinal emergency in the pediatric population. This illness is a conversion in which a portion of the intestine telescopes into another adjacent distal segment of the intestine and causes bowel and ileocolic obstruction. Intussusception is considered a frequent cause of abdominal pain in pediatric patients. It is well described in infants, with an incidence of 0.1 to 0.4 % nonetheless it is less well-established in neonates.1, 2 In fewer than 10% of the patients, a surgical lead point can be determined as a plausible etiology. Cecal duplication as a lead-point of neonatal intussusception is extremely rare.
This comprises of attenuation of blood vessels, waxy disc pallor and a mottled appearance of the retinal pigment epithelium which is caused by the formation of bone spicule. Internal limiting membrane wrinkling, buried drusen of the optic nerve head, cystoid macula edema, cataracts (usually PSC) and vitreous pigmentation and syneresis may also be seen. Symptoms of this disease include night blindness, tunnel vision, photopsia, photophobia, difficulty adjusting from light to dark environments and vice versa, blurry vision, poor colour separation, loss of central vision (late stage) and blindness eventually. RP may occur as an isolated disease (non syndromic which is the typical form of disease) or in combination with systemic disease (syndromic). Usher syndrome is the most common form of syndromic RP.
The most common organs involved are the uterus (uterine prolapse), the bladder (cystocele), anterior rectal wall (rectocele), and small bowel (enterocele). These organs prolapse out of their normal position and shift into or expel out of the vaginal canal. A prolapse can occur if an individual 's lower pelvic floor muscles are weakened and damaged from excessive pressure and stretching, which can be caused by prolonged and vaginal childbirth, surgery, advancing age, chronic constipation, cancer, and even obesity. Additionally, postmenopausal women have an increased risk of pelvic organ prolapse due to the decreased production of estrogen, which is an essential component in manufacturing collagen. Therefore, a decrease in estrogen is associated with a decrease in collagen, which normally enables the supporting tissues and ligaments in the pelvic cavity to stretch and return to their normal size and position.