In addition, the life expectancy rate also increased from 66 years for men and 72 years for women in 1956 to 77 for men and 80.5 years for women in 2020. In the 50s, cardiovascular diseases were the leading cause of death in 50s. According to Global News and BBC, there was no treatment for heart diseases. There was no “coronary care unit in the hospital, stents, angioplasty, or pacemakers”. According to BBC news a man named Robert came home to find his father dead of a heart attack.
“If you consider a DNA sequence as the text of an instruction manual that explains how to make a human body, epigenetics is as if someone’s taken a pack of highlighters and used different colours to markup different parts of the text in different ways. For example, someone might use a pink highlighter to mark parts of the text that need to be read the most carefully, and a blue highlighter to mark parts that aren’t as important”(1). There are many factors that can turn a certain gene on or off, some of them are things such as the environment around you and your lifestyle. For example if you live a sedentary lifestyle that is filled with unhealthy food, the heart disease gene in your body might be turn on.
Ryan Hogan OT-525 9-21-15 While taking the health risk assessment I knew right from the start that some of the information would be off. The assessment asked about things such as blood pressure and cholesterol, and I do not know these measures right of the top of my head. While looking at the results, it stated that I am at risk of dying within the next 10 years. When comparing my risk percentages to the average 27 year old male, I did very well and was average compared to the others. However one factor that I scored above average on was the chance of a heart attack.
According to research done by Paul Heidenreich and others, they stated “CVD prevalence and costs are projected to increase substantially in the future” (938). Heidenreich and others wrote the article the Forecasting the Future of Cardiovascular Disease in the United States, and the article is talking about the expected outcomes of CVD to the public and the expected money that AHA will provide to help resolve cardiovascular disease. Will it ever be solved though? People are now exposed to many fast food restaurants that are linked to obesity, and obesity is one of the causes of cardiovascular disease. AHA predicts that in 2030, “40.5 % of the US population is projected to have some form of CVD” (934).
A father, a friend, a role model, a hard working man, a grandfather, my grandfather died due to Heart Disease. Unfortunately Heart Disease is the leading cause of death globally, “Of the 10 leading causes of death in 2021, 9 remained the same as in 2020. Heart disease was the leading cause of death”(CDC 1). According to the National Institute of Health, in 2021 an estimated total of 2,052 million dollars was spent on researching Heart Disease.
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) “is a genetic condition, its main characteristic is thickening (hypertrophy) of the heart muscle.” It is estimated that in recent study that student athletes have nearly a four times higher rate of cardiac arrest than their peers (p.3). “Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy usually comes from a
o Discuss biochemical/molecular biological/physiological basis of the disease Hyperlipidemia can either be genetically inherited or caused by lifestyle habits such as obesity, unhealthy diet, and it certainly is more common in the elderly. Even though patients with this condition have no symptoms, homeostatic changes in the body such as both levels of triglycerol and cholesterol are elevated in the blood stream. The primary source of cholesterol is not from diet, but from liver synthesis. LDL receptors are important in maintaining LDL levels, also known as “bad” cholesterol.
Atherosclerosis can manifest to Cardiovascular Disorders (CVD) which are common in Western and urban populations. It is important to note that CVD is becoming one of the top causes of death globally. To understand the prevalence and incidence of atherosclerosis, we must take into account factors such as demographics as well as cultural and/or ethnic influences. Certain groups or societies are more prone to atherosclerosis. For instance, atherosclerosis is more prevalent within the Aboriginal populations in Canada because of reported high rates of smoking, diabetes, obesity, hypertension observed amongst that group.
INTRODUCTION Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide in hospitalized patients. Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality increases exponentially from 75 years-old . Approximately, 30% of patients admitted for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are over 75 years old, and represent 50% of ischemic heart disease mortality [2,3]. Elderly patients have a higher risk for AMI short- and long-term mortality than younger patients [4,5]. On the other hand, nonagenarians with AMI non admitted to Coronary Care Unit (CCU) are increasing progressively .
In the study, over one third of South Asian participants did not know the risk factors. However, even when the risk factors where known the preventative measures were ineffective, which meant that health knowledge was lacking (Rankin and Bhopal, 2001). Additionally, the older generation of South Asians had a belief that fate is the reason for their coronary heart disease. Preventative measures would be ineffective and trying to understand the causes would be impossible because of the confusion that exists (Darr et al.,
PERSONAL STATEMENT (NURFATIN BT MOHD SHAH) I want to further my study in this course because it is thrilling and rapidly- moving subject area, that is highly pertinent to the problem facing by society today. As far as I concern, cardiovascular disease is one of the popular cause of death. I am keen to learn more and involve in the latest advances in cardiovascular research. Over the years of studying, my interest in this area has increased.
Temple2 · Carlo La Vecchia1 · Giorgio Castellan3 · Alessandra Tavani4 · Valentina Guercio1 Estruch R, Ros E, Salas-Salvado J, Covas MI, Corella D, Aros F, Gomez-Gracia E, Ruiz-Gutierrez V, Fiol M, Lapetra J, Lamuela-Raventos RM, Serra-Majem L, Pinto X, Basora J, Munoz MA, Sorli JV, Martinez JA, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Investigators PS (2013) Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease with a Mediterranean diet. N Engl J Med 368(14):1279–1290. Camargo, A., Delgado-Lista, J., Garcia-Rios, A., Cruz-Teno, C., Yubero-Serrano, E., Perez-Martinez, P., . . . Lopez-Miranda, J. (2012). Expression of proinflammatory, proatherogenic genes is reduced by the Mediterranean diet in elderly people.