Even after menopause, the rate of men’s death from heart disease is the highest than women’s even it increase every year. Main cause of the heart disease also because of age. People who die from coronary heart disease more than 83% are 65 or older. Older women are more likely to die of heart attacks within a few weeks of the attack than older men. 4.1.2) Obesity
The presence of any risk factor is thought to double the relative risk for developing atherosclerosis/coronary artery disease and acute myocardial infarction. These risk factors include: • High Blood Cholesterol – An elevated lipid level is major component of atherosclerotic plaque buildup which causes the development of an infarction. • Diabetes Mellitus – Patients with diabetes have a considerably greater risk of developing atherosclerotic vascular disease at an accelerated rate. This acceleration occurs regardless of whether the patient has insulin dependent or non insulin dependent diabetes. • Hypertension – High blood pressure has consistently been associated with an increased risk of developing an acute MI.
The heart pumps the blood while the blood vessels deliver blood to all body parts. 6.1 Personal context The cardiovascular system ceases to perform its roles when some factors like diseases are involved. The diseases affecting this system is referred to as cardiovascular diseases or heart diseases. These heart diseases are among the major diseases with high rate of mortality and morbidity rate. The aged people are more prone to heart diseases including men.
INTRODUCTION AKI is a syndrome of rapid loss of kidney function and oliguria, which is associated with adverse patient outcomes. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is defined as a functional or structural abnormality of the kidney as determined by blood, urine or tissue tests or by imaging studies.AKI is estimated to occur in up to 15% of hospitalized patients and up to 60% of critically ill patients. Despite advances in health care, the incidence of AKI is increasing in both developed and developing countries which is associated with severe psychological and financial trauma (1). The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) has increased over the past few decades and the reported incidence of AKI in different regions of the world is quite variable. In
Cardiovascular diseases are the worldwide health care issue representing 30% of mortalities. Heart valve diseases are life threatening affecting ~2.5% of the general population in economically developed countries (V.T. Nkomo et al. 2006). Approximately 100,000 heart valve replacements are performed each year in the U.S.
INTRODUCTION As the incidence of myocardial infarction is increased in modern era . Conduction defects are one of the most common complications which occur following acute myocardial infarction (AMI), which results in Increased mortality in these patients with Acute Myocardial infarction 1. conduction defects occur during Acute Myocardial infarction , have varied presentation. Atrio ventricular (AV) blocks associated with inferior wall infarction and bundle branch blocks are more commonly associated with anterior wall MI. Heart blocks may occur as complications of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and are accompanied by increased in- hospital mortality. Bradyarrhythmias and conduction disturbances are
1. 90-100 million tons are killed and wiped off the planet each year. Consisting of some of the most beautiful creatures on the planet. Fish are a primary food source to 3.5 billion people worldwide and the depletion of the species is leaving millions of people hungry. Over fishing is a huge problem that needs to be stopped.
It is said to be the 5th leading cause of death and an estimated 25000 people die every year because of it. South Africa has one of the highest alcohol consumption rates across the world. The Cape has one of the biggest problems with alcohol consumption and liver
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death worldwide ( Reddy 1993; Lloyd-Jones et al. 2009). According to WHO, 23.6 million deaths each year by 2030 are caused by cardiovascular disease. In Malaysia, diseases of the circulatory system are the leading cause of death in Ministry of Health (MoH) Hospitals in 2012. 40, 000 new cases per year for 28 million people in this country while for number of CAD cases for young people which is below 45 years old is increased every year.
National Library of Medicine, The consumption of TFA has been associated with increased total and low – density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and decreased the “good” high – density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol in body of human, that are cause of atherosclerosis, a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries (Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen – rich blood to your heart and other parts of your body), when those plaque occur in the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle, the end result is high blood pressure or hypertension. Moreover, People with high blood pressure are more likely to develop coronary heart disease because high blood pressure puts added force against the artery walls and if a blood vessel to the brain is blocked, usually from a blood clot, an ischemic stroke can happen or if a blood vessel within the brain, most likely as a result of uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure), a hemorrhagic stroke can result. All of these effects of Trans fat can increased the risk of death if they lack of awareness about health care and food consumption. There are other problems involving with eating trans fat, people will gain more weight because they eating trans fats too much accounting for about 2% to 3% of total calories consumed pre day, it become to “Belly Fat” According to the researcher at wake Forest University school of Medicine, diets rich in trans fat and cause
Socioeconomic Status Related To Heart Disease The heart is the hardest working muscle in the body, pumping approximately two ounces every day for a lifetime. To keep this small but efficient muscle working, one must understand the importance of heart health. Unfortunately this lack of understanding causes millions of Americans to suffer from heart disease. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) “Heart disease is the leading cause of death for people of most ethnicities in the United States, including African Americans, Hispanics, and whites. (2)” Among these ethnicities, African Americans have the highest death rate.
Therefore, peak expiratory flow rate would refer to the maximum speed of expiration. Expiratory flow is decreased in Al because loss of elastic fibers in the lungs impairs the expiratory flow rate. Narrowing of the airways inside the lungs, in addition to damage to the lungs, causes the exhaled air to come out more slowly than normal (NIH, 2016). In people with COPD, the air sacs can no longer revert back to their original shape. The airways become swollen or thicker than normal.
This puts strain on the kidneys and can lead to kidney disease.A high salt intake has been shown to increase the amount of protein in the urine which is a major risk factor for the decline of kidney function. There is also increasing evidence that a high salt intake may increase deterioration of kidney disease in people already suffering from kidney problems http://www.actiononsalt.org.uk/salthealth/factsheets/kidney/#sthash.wwowdDqh.dpuf Q2
“People who are poor tends to have a higher rate of obesity”, but in these ages even wealthy people rates have gone higher. Obesity affects everyone believe it or not. It affects are death rates, many who are obese dies from chronic diseases, and while they are alive health insurances are higher, and whose paychecks are targeted? Working individuals like you and
Coronary Heart Disease: Risk Factors, Goals & Objectives, And Educational Interventions Patti Maisner Kaplan University Coronary Heart Disease According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2014), the number one cause of death is Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) with 611,105 deaths per year; a rate of 193.3, based on a population of 100,000 adults. Additionally, Kaiser Permanente (2013) reports that the mortality rate for SPA 2 (Service Planning Area 2) 208 per 100,000 adults Risk Factors associated with Coronary Heart Disease There are several risk factors associated with CHD, some are not controllable, like ethnicity, gender, or heredity. However, the majority of risk factors are controllable, such