Unlike coronary artery disease which is a result of the narrowing of the arteries, cardiomyopathy is caused by damage to the cardiac muscle (Mayo Clinic, 2014). This damage can make the heart unable to properly handle sudden demands such as increased heart rate, blood pressure, infection or water retention (Mayo Clinic, 2014). When the heart is unable to handle these sudden demands, fluid backs up into the lungs and collects in the alveolar sacs. A third cause of cardiogenic pulmonary edema is heart valve
As the damage progresses, pulmonary hypertension will increase and the small blood vessels become thickened and blocked affecting the flow of blood. Life threatening conditions can occur because of this. Symptoms of Eisenmenger syndrome can range by a case by case scenario. Signs and symptoms do not occur until approximately thirty years of age. It can however develop rapidly in some cases.
AFib treatment options vary depending upon the severity of the disease and the underlying reasons or diseases that caused it to occur. Atrial fibrillation, also known as AFib, must be treated on a case-by-case basis in order to reduce the risk of other health problems or complications. Understanding AFib AFib occurs when the uppermost chambers of the heart beat irregualry and uncoordinated with the lower two chambers. AFib often causes a fast heartbeat that is irregular, chest pain, difficulty breathing, heart palpitations, weakness and dizziness. AFib episodes may happen sporadically or become chronic and occur regularly.
Heart Failure (HF) occurs when the heart is unable to pump the necessary volume of blood to meet demands of tissue metabolism. This condition can be acute; it may have a fast onset or clinical change of signs and symptoms (Andrietta, Moreira, & Barros, 2011). The patient with heart failure presents with shortness of breath, cough, or difficulty breathing on activity. The patient often experiences acute exacerbation of symptoms resulting in hospitalization for medical management. Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) continues to be a major public health problem associated with high morbidity and mortality.
Takayasu Arteritis Takayasu arteritis is a rare condition that may also be called pulseless disease. Takayasu arteritis is caused by inflammation in your large blood vessels (vasculitis). It mainly affects your aorta, which is a large blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart, and the large blood vessels that branch off from it. Areas of the aorta or other affected blood vessels can become narrowed, blocked, or weakened because of the inflammation. This causes reduced blood flow to important body organs, which can be life-threatening.
Pseudoaneurysm A pseudoaneurysm happens when an artery is injured and blood leaks out to form a sac-like bulge. The bulge can break open, causing bleeding in the nearby tissues. CAUSES The most common cause of this condition is a procedure such as an angiogram in which a thin tube (catheter) is inserted into an artery. After an angiogram, the insertion site on the artery should close back up all the way. If it does not, blood may leak out of the artery.
Buerger 's disease is are rare disease also known as thromboangiitis obliterans. This rare disease causes acute inflammation and thrombosis in the arteries and veins found on the body 's upper and lower extremities. Buerger 's disease causes clotting in the vessels; the obstruction of the vessels affects the tissues of the body by limiting the blood distribution. Due to the lack of blood, the body experiences pain and loss of tissue which leads to skin ulcerations. If the disease is extremely advanced it may also affect other vessels in the body that are not in the arms and legs (Mutukuro, Vishnu & Suresh, Kalkunte 56).
This results in inefficient pumping of blood from the atria into the ventricles, the lower two chambers. In some cases, people do not suffer any symptoms, but there is still a higher risk of stroke in patients with signs of atrial fibrillation. The common symptoms of atrial fibrillation include
Over time passes plaques may harden consequently restricting blood flow or completely blocking the artery. The build up of plaque is directly related to an individuals life style, common risk factors include obesity, high blood cholesterol and diabetes. When the endothelium is damaged by blood flow, the cholesterol and fats in the blood get stuck forming plaques. This results in high blood pressure due the heart attempting to supply required levels of blood to the body. If the blood flow to the heart muscles is restricted or blocked it may lead to further complications such as angina, heart attack or heart failure.