In deontology our duties, rules and obligation is according to God wishes. The deontological class of ethical theories states that people should adhere to their obligations and duties when engaged in decision making when ethics are in play. Its flaw is that there is no rationale or logical basis for deciding an individual’s duties. Teleological ethical theory or consequentiality: It states that if consequences are good the action is right and if they are bad the action is wrong. There are two categories in this theory: • Egoism as an ethical theory tells that mortality and self-interest is referred as egoism.
The difference between the two is that egoism focuses on self-interest, while utilitarianism addresses maximum happiness to everyone (Sansbury, Barry and Shaw, 2013). On the other hand, Kantianism claims that an action is moral if it’s done under the sense of duty (Vlach, n.d.). Virtue ethics looks at the character rather than the duties of act itself and its consequences (Sansbury, Barry and Shaw, 2013). Some other theories covered are: Ethics of Capitalism, Ethics of Consumption, Ethics and Globalization and Ethics at workplace. Although they are all related to the individual and business ethics, I am going
Information is first received to identify all possible response to a dilemma. An individual recognizes and examines whether the choices are unethical or not and then evaluate the possible benefits to be gained and the possible costs to be paid. Ethical dilemma arises when there is conflict between personal ethics and social ethics. For instance, ethical dilemma exists in situations that a wrong decision is likely to produce a positive outcome or that a right decision is likely to produce a negative outcome (Fletcher, n.d.). Ethical decision-making can only be justified in the notion that the individual is ethically sensitive and rational because a person is unable to acknowledge the responsibility of certain behaviors without awareness of morality and
Virtue ethics is currently one of three major approaches in normative ethics. It may, initially, be identified as the one that emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to the approach that emphasizes duties or rules (deontology) or that emphasizes the consequences of actions (consequentialism). What distinguishes virtue ethics from the other theories is the centrality of virtue within the theory. Whereas consequentialists will define virtues as traits that yield good consequences and deontologists will define them as traits possessed by those who reliably fulfill their duties, virtue ethicists will resist the attempt to define virtues in terms of some other concept that is taken to be more fundamental. Rather, virtues and vices
Consequential ethics or Consequentialism is a normative ethic theory that makes the consequences of the act as its basis to categorize it either as right or wrong. It says that morality is all about finding the right “overall consequences” or what these actions bring about. Consequentialism’s ultimate goal would be positive outcomes such as happiness, freedom, and survival of our species. Consequential ethics determines the rightness and wrongness of an act solely by analyzing the costs and benefits of the action’s consequences. Consequentialism therefore overlooks the means used and actions done to produce the result, as long as the effect is desirable and favorable.
Utilitarianism can be described as a theory of ethics because it tells good or bad and also right or wrong. But some of the key concepts of utilitarianism talk about the conduct of public life. This makes the theory political. Utilitarianism key idea is an action is morally right or wrong depending on their positive or negative effects. The only effects important actions are positive and negative
Consequential ethics does not focus on individuals and their values, but on trying to work together and compromise in a world where there is much uncertainty and differing views to achieve the greatest good possible. There is a major emphasis on working together as a whole, results, effects, and the future in Consequentialist ethics. In this school of ethics, it is important to understand that most other people have definitions of what it means to work towards a common good, even though it may differ from our view. Instead of using “right” and “wrong”., the words “good” and “bad” are used in Consequentialist ethics. The text then goes on to examine the school of Deontological or duty-based ethics.
In the following paper I will be trying to describe in details the Consequentialism theory of ethics and provide few real life examples of applicability and usability. As in a specific moral dilemma there are multiple ways how to describe our theories that can be used to describe or justify the moral decision I will be focusing my attention on Utilitarism (Consequentialism theory) as a way to justify our moral or immoral actions. Most of our life dilemmas are considered, at least from my point of view, to be crucial to our overall character development. Having the proper mind-set or knowledge to deal with them will help one’s decision to be a less of a burden. In every decision making circumstances there will be multiple
Altruism is trying to maximize benefit for all excluding self. Egoism is satisfying own self. Bentham’s Hypothesis states that Altruism and utilitarianism are a form of egoism only Karpmen Drama Triangle was told wherein we had three roles, prosecuter, rescuer and victim. Metaethics is a branch of analytic philosophy that explores the status, foundations, and scope of moral values, properties, and words. Whereas the fields of applied ethics and normative theory focus on what is moral, metaethics focuses on what morality itself is.
Averagely, people normally try to determine or analyze the consequences of anything they try or wish to do in order to better measure their moral responsibilities. According to Fieser ( n.d ), consequentialism states that “an action is morally right if the consequences of that action are more favorable than unfavorable”. This simply implies that a correct or acceptable moral behavior is measure primarily by the cost-benefit study of an action’s consequences. The professed rules require by consequentialist are that we at the beginning should classified both the advantages and disadvantages consequences of an action. If the advantage consequences are greater, then the action can be classified