Corruption And Corruption

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Corruption among the police and administrative officers is not a recent phenomenon and has been an evil that has been present from the very ancient times. In ancient China, the practice of providing an extra cash allowance called Yang-lien i.e. nourish incorruptness was adopted in an effort to ensure that the officials were kept 'pure '. References to the occurrence or existence of corruption can also be found in a number of Vedic texts. The RigVeda itself makes an allusion to the prevalence of Corruption and attempts were made to invoke a divine power to help combat the evil. The relevant passage reads, “Oh Lord, knowing everybody and everything in the most accurate manner, thou knowest the regenerate of good conduct and the degenerate, the destroyers of good works for general public. Do Thou exterminate the latter from their roots.” Kautilya, in his Arthashastra, has listed out more than forty ways by which the treasury officers used to embezzle money, including pratibandha (obstruction), avastara (fabrication) and upabhoga (embezzling of funds for oneself). Illegal transactions were so shrouded in mist that he compared embezzlers to fish moving under water and the virtual impossibility of detecting when exactly the fish is drinking water. Chanakya in his ChanakyaNeeti has talked about corruption at length providing syllogisms such as “The Horse remains calm and trouble free till it is tied in stable, but its behavior might change when out in field without any

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