Alternative Arguments presented: The reasons for Africa’s poor economic growth cannot solely be explained by colonialism. Several academic articles and scholars have gone further to attribute the slow economic development to African countries internal policies such as internal factors of bad leadership and corruption. Furthermore, in the paper by Juluis Agbor and colleagues it was put forward that effect of colonialism on an African state depended on the type of colonialism implemented within the African state (Agbor and Fedderke 2010). • Did Africans contribute to the destruction of Africa? There are opposing stances on colonialisms role in the economic development of Africa.
Things Fall Apart Whether British Imperialism in Africa was good or bad is still a hot topic today, despite the fact that it happened a century ago. Imperialism is when the Europeans invaded Africa and colonized it and forced their culture onto the natives. Even though there were definitely some positive effects for Africans, the effects of imperialism in Africa were mostly negative; borders weren't placed well, native Africans were made as slaves, and religion was forced upon them. Some positive results are the following: Europeans brought new crops, some political stability, education/ literacy, and better medical care including hospitals and medicines. These were indeed beneficial to the African people, but the long term negative consequences outnumber the long term positive greatly.
Apart from constructing artificial hierarchies in Africa, colonialism has also contributed to ethnic conflict by establishing institutions, borders, and practices that create an unstable environment where ethnic conflict can emerge. Ethnic conflicts tend to occur in regions with weak, authoritarian governments that fail to meet the basic needs of the population. This creates frustration within the society and will create conditions that allow conflict to thrive. Moreover, it is also important to recognize that post-colonial states are characterized by weakness, resulting in the inability to change their governing structures from the institutions imposed by colonialists. Therefore, colonial policies, practices, and institutions tend to continue
Introduction In global economy Africa remains marginalized and under-developed economies face serious challenges in obtaining sustainable and diversified development through strategies that focus on foreign and domestic market. Trade is viewed by many as being important for poverty reduction in developing countries and international trade assist in sustained economic growth, contribute to the development of capacities and support the expansion of employment opportunities. In this essay Zambia will be used as a case study to explain how theories of International trade influenced policy in Africa and what the implications on African development are. The first part of the essay will cover the Background on Theories of International trade looking
Unsurprisingly, forcibly removing someone from their homes and enslaving them to work on another continent, if they did not die on the dangerous trip there, does not foster peaceful relationships. This tension, built upon hostilities over colonization, and other poor treatment of African people, has helped contribute to the violence in Africa in the past. Furthermore, it is clear Europeans, and in turn, Americans, have always had a superiority complex towards Africans. This would lead to views of Africans as being inferior, which can lead to ideas of them being less civilized, and more dangerous. This compounds on the actual violence in Africa, and results in the world viewing the entire continent as violent and
To achieve this, our strategy are to focus on our main competencies and core business. Diversification can be seen as the expansion model carrying the highest risk, one we are currently not pursuing. (Quickmba) 2.4 Market Development: With South Africa seen as the gateway to Africa, with good established processes and infrastructure, African countries have the potential to become lucrative markets for South Africa. Unfortunately payment of imports are troublesome and risky if not handled as upfront payments. Corruption is perceived to be on the rise in Africa, together with expensive and inefficient import handling at ports, contributes to Africa being an unstable and risky market to rely on.
Knowledge capacity can be enhanced by empowering cultures and values in relation externalization and harmonization. If the capacitated knowledge has been applied in the relation, it can bring well-development for the appliers, Africans. However, the African cultures and values have been externally affected and imposed since beginning of slave trade in 16th century. Since then Africa has been the knowledge importer and confused with domestic and indigenous knowledge. Thus we Africans should find out what we have for ours and how we can make useable for our development and compatible with generating external
Corruption is the most neglected human rights violation of our time. It fuels injustice, inequality and depravation, and is a major catalyst for migration and terrorism. In the African continent, corruption robs nations of their resources and potential output,
The presence of institutions such as the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, and World Trade Organisation etc. is a response to such clamour. The financial crisis can be described as a systemic failure that began due to the absence of a global rule-making authority to oversee global private financial institutions and processes (Goldin, and Vogel, 2010). We argue in this paper that the workings and modalities of the global institutions are primarily tailored towards protecting the interests of the westphalian (especially USA). We extend our argument further to state that countries in Sub-Saharan Africa are being re-colonised through the activities of institutions such as IMF, World Bank, WTO etc.
Poverty in Africa Humans are a very sophisticated race that require a certain level of standards and require a few basic needs in order to be able to operate in their daily life. Food, water, shelter and medicine are the most important needs for humans, any shortage in these needs can lead to dangerous consequences that could put the humans in danger. This shortage of the basic needs of any human individual puts him/her in the category of poverty. Poverty is a the condition in which there is a lack of the necessary resources for survival or not being able to meet a certain level of living standards anticipated for the place where the individual lives in (Ashley Crossman, 2017). Poverty in Africa is an important problem and as any other problem we need to study the causes and effects of poverty in order to be able to come up with the suitable solutions that can end the problem for good.