Although the UNODC(United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) is continuously monitoring and researching global illicit drug markets in order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of their dynamics.But drug trafficking continues to be a big problem throughout the world. Civilians usually pay the price due to drugs gangs
As a pressure group, civil society will expose the corrupt conduct of public officials and lobby for good governance reform. Even there is an anti-corruptions laws and bodies exist, they didn’t function effectively without active support and participation from civil society. For example, In India, massive demonstrations convinces the government to put forward strong anti-corruption legislation . Civil society in India had proved that they were successfully build an awareness of the important of anti-corruption mechanism to be implement in the
Although we hope our Police force will use their powers for good, but sometimes police misconduct can occur. Often, the police are under great pressure to act as quick as possible, espcially in a murder case and if the murder victime is white, a child, police officer, or prominent. For example, In the 1990’s the case of Rodney King, that not only shows a racist issue within the criminal justice system, but also the issue with abuse from police officers, but changed the country’s views on the LA police force. Twenty- Seven years ago,Rodney King was brutally beaten by Los Angeles police officers. King was intoxicated while driving and the police had caught him speeding, and initally he tried running away from the police, only to be followed by multiple police and a helicopter.
Conflict representation theory/study This research project aims at unpacking conflict representations, therefore it is essential to understand the techniques and strategies implemented when representing conflict. Political leaders invest time and resources in in order to promote official frames to media (Gadi Wolfsfeld, Paul Frosh & Maurice T. Awabdy 2008:401). Galtung 1998, Manoff 1998 & Wolfsfeld 2004 cited by Wolfsfeld et al (2008:401) explains that the ways in which the news media represent conflicts “are also likely to have a significant influence on any subsequent attempts at conflict resolution”. Annelore Deprez and Karin Raeymaeckers (2010:92) explain that the “selection and construction of news items, the picture that we see of ‘the foreign’, is a filtered, distorted, manipulated, one-sided and simplified image”. Looking at the techniques used by the media one may understand how this statement is given substance.
We will explore some theories in regards to the effects of media on audience and socio political conflicts, in order to illustrate its crucial effect on them. In any newspaper or television news broadcast on any day, we can find news about a conflict somewhere in the world. The media plays a crucial role when reporting news, in defining the conflict itself. It is the media that ultimately builds and influences perceptions about conflicting groups, manifestors, their motifs, interests and causes for the audience to understand: the media have become a prised ground for the waging of conflict (Cottle, 2006, 2) In fact, the mass media play an important role in shaping the audience’s opinion by covering certain issues and influencing the ideas of the audience. Agenda setting In the media as an agenda- setting
The need to combat terrorism here in Nigeria has resulted in the development and emergence of many counter-terrorism strategies. Which are aimed at addressing the root causes and combating the ongoing onslaught of violence by the existing terrorist combatants. The main strategy that are needed in the fight against terrorism, in its uniqueness to Nigeria are social economic development, capacity building for security forces, criminal justice system reforms, international support, combination of military power with soft power, interagency cooperation and also cross border control and policing. These strategies encompass solutions to all the known causes and reasons for domestic terrorism here in Nigeria. If well-articulated, this strategy can offer a long lasting solution to the violence of terrorism and the grudges held by the perpetuators of terrorism in Nigeria.
This is because the enforcement agencies particularly the police force have been perceived or accused by many parties to be among the most corrupt institutions in the country. Therefore, the establishment of the Royal Commission to Enhance the Operation and Management of the Royal Malaysia Police (RCP) in 2004 by Dato Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi is to “change the mindset and values of members of the police force (PDRM) so as to improve their service and to adopt zero tolerance towards corruption”. The RCP identified that various forms of corruption were practiced in the police force and it made several recommendations to tackle the problem including launching joint operations with other enforcement agencies, establishing an Audit Management Committee and implementing job rotation and tenure limitation in departments prone to corruption. Besides, Dato’ Sri Najib Abdul Razak continued the drive against corruption in enforcement agencies after taking the premiership by included other key enforcement agencies in this agenda like the police force, immigration, customs, the MACC and the Road Transport Department to use more technology to reduce corruption. For example, the police force introduced an online reporting system in which public can report any criminal cases through the internet and get a copy of the report at any police stations as well as able to track the
Last year, Oman took forceful steps by putting 20 government officials with high ranking and private executives to trials for accepting bribes to sign contracts regarding to constructing large infrastructure. Oman adequately reacted to the corruption and this incident allowed citizens in Oman to recognize corruption as a serious crime. Even though some countries like Oman is making efforts to combat corruption, most Arab countries lack of enforcement of regulations and laws, which creates loopholes for people to get away with loose rules, which leads to flourish of corruption in the country. Forceful regulation is one of the key solutions to anti-corruption. In a different perspective, Sri Lanka’s anti-corruption watchdog announced that Mahinda Rajapaksa, Sri Lanka’s former President, and his family members were involved in bribery and corruption allegations.
If depot staff tried to leak the information to the public, they were threatened and dismissed." Corruption has been affecting Nigeria severely in many areas and categories since the very beginning of when it just became independent, causing