Even though Indonesia has some laws and regulations that could be used to annihilate bribery, the country has largely unsuccessful to overcome this issue. In 2016, based on annual Corruption Perceptions Index, Indonesia's ranking worse to 90th from 88th in 2015 (Transparency International, 2017). According to World Gallup Poll, in 2012, 88% of Indonesian citizens said corruption was widespread in the country's government (Crabtree,
“Colonialism must be eradicated from the earth!” President Sukarno, the most admired president in Indonesia, conveys his nationalist perspectives by articulating all the different manners of colonialism (Britannica). The Dutch once colonized Indonesia for 150 years (weloveindonesia). In that long period, Indonesia was reshaped in different aspects. Dutch Colonialism impacted modern Indonesia in. The Dutch impacted Indonesia in politics primarily in legal system.
Indonesia’s Democracy in Suharto’s Era The word democracy comes from the words “demos” which means republic or citizen, and “kratos” which means “authority”. Democracy in general, means “government or rule by the people”. However, the democracy in Indonesia differs from other countries; Indonesia’s democracy is called Pancasila Democracy (Mengenal Sistem Demokrasi Indonesia). Pancasila Democracy is based on the five principles of national ideology, which are belief in one supreme God, justice and civility among peoples, unity of Indonesia, democracy through deliberation and consensus among representatives, and social justice for all the people of Indonesia (Soekarno’s Old Order). It is a constitutional democracy which prioritizes consensus and the authority of their citizens (Mengenal Sistem Demokrasi
Corruption happens in most businesses, governments, the bureaucracy, and the justice system. Most people are corrupt or an accept corruption have become normal in Thailand. Anyone can be corrupt in any positions in all circumstances. For example, people see 1,000 baht on the street, which they do not know the owner of this money, they would keep the money with
It affects most economies of the south East Asian Nation. But the main focus is the big crisis that deeply affected the Indonesian economy and political system. The main problem that emerged in Indonesia was the drastic fall in their currency exchange rates. The national currency, the Rupiah, fell by 12% in the beginning of August, the rapid depreciation created a strong panic among people, companies, and particularly among international investors. These investors feared that the trend of exchange rate of the Rupiah to US dollar might continue depreciate leading to a fall of their value of their assets.
Indonesia started to create and impose anti-American policies that caught the United States attention. Second, Sukarno wanted to rewrite the constitution of Indonesia and free it to the colonial concepts. He wanted to rewrite laws that supported the exploitation of the country’s resources. Sukarno threatened to expropriate the two major US oil companies (Caltex and Stanvac) in Indonesia, this triggered the United States as it affects their investment plans. The event that most intensified the conflict between United States and Indonesia, was when Lyndon Johnson became the President of the United States.
That is mean there is no discrimination between the citizens of Indonesia. All citizens, regardless of the economic level, education, and the other things, can participate in the voting session. That is the next reason why I chose democracy as a political system in Indonesia. And the next reason is, because Indonesia has large and varities citizens, the democratic way is the right way to choose a leader for Indonesia. The result of democracy is considered as the result of a fair election on the voting of all the citizens of Indonesia, because the results are considered to represent the majority of the most dominant votes and is symbolized as a representative of the citizens.
Indeed, India is ranked 85 on Transparency International’s ranking of how corrupt a country is viewed as by it’s people. It is therefore clear that corruption is major problem within India and, as evidenced by the nation’s corruption perception index, erodes citizens’ faith in the government, in addition to being a serious obstacle to economic development within the country. Corruption may take many forms; embezzlement, bribery, nepotism and many other similar undesirable governmental phenomena all constitute corruption. There are in fact a myriad of such activities that fall under the ambit of corruption and no list of such activities could be complete as these activities multiply according to the creativity and ingenuity of their perpetrators. However, one thing that is common to virtually all corrupt activities is the generation of black money.
In terms of Politics, I would definitely have to say both countries were standing in the same line as Indonesia had its first female president and Thailand had its first female Prime minister and officially there were no restrictions against females to be in the cabinet and the cultural impacts in Politics are negligible. In terms of Society, both countries have their ups and downs but Thailand displays more equality compared to Indonesia as women are accepted and viewed more equal in nature. In terms of Cultural/Religious Influence, Buddhism/Hinduism in scriptures, has a more relaxed laws towards women and outrightly views women as equal and even goddesses in some places so compared to Indonesia, women’s role is more equal in
PP.Ledwaba Topic: Factors affecting corruption in African countries. Introduction Background Corruption is one of the most formidable challenges to sustainable development in Africa. Corruption hinders economic development and it tends to slow down the democratic process and stability in a political system. The money gained out of corruption does not increase the living standards of the beneficiaries of corruption nor is it used to make smart investments, instead it is used for example private gain to import luxurious goods (Thelander 2005:29). Combating corruption is a major concern due to the fact that corruption is found in all African nations from South Africa to Egypt and from the offices of presidents and prime ministers to the smallest administration units of government.