Moreover, quantitative data about the research variables would also be included in this study, which will be analysed using the quantitative research methods. The research strategy selected for the study is mix methods, which refer to the procedure whereby quantitative and qualitative research methods along with the techniques to identify the limitations determined by each method. This strategy is a significant feature of triangulation method, which demonstrates the use of more than two methods to check the results against each method implemented for providing reliable results (Kothari, 2008; Bergh & Ketchen, 2009). 3.3 Research Philosophy The selected research philosophy for the study include interpretivist, which provides that there
Descriptive decision theory means the theory on how users make decision through their understanding for certain tasks. Prescriptive decision theory is the theory of users on how they should make decision. This theory explains about how users can making decision based on view or ideas from others people. Normative decision theory is the theory on how decision would be made through hypothesis or perspectives. Figure 1: Angle of Decision Theory From these theory, it also involved Decision Support System (DSS) in their process to make it more effective when solve the problem.
Pragmatism is a fundamental model or scheme that organizes our observations and makes sense of them (Allen Rubin & Babbie, E.R, (2011). In order to make the sensible study, the researcher will apply multi paradigms to meet the requirements of the research. This is because each paradigm separately has its own disadvantages. A combination of paradigms in the single study will help to reduce the weakness of the single perspective. Different paradigms in the single study provide an opportunity for the researcher to use variety of approaches and designs so that the study will compile both the authenticity and genuine information.
5.0 INDUSTRY CASE STUDY, SELECTION OF MULTI-PROJECT USING SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS The selection of projects from a large list of possibilities is a common problem in Civil and Environmental Engineering. Use of sensitivity analysis and multi-attribute optimization model for project selection problems will be explained in this case study. To demonstrate the model we use the example of selecting a portfolio of projects to compute for funding within the New Zealand Department of Conservation (DoC). The results highlight the sensitivity of project selection to attribute weights to help decision makers examine the robustness of the optimal solution. The below table explains the project selection criteria used in this case study .
Also calculate the project’s cost and present value. This is the information I would use to determine the value of the project. When it comes to what additional information I would collect, it would have to be data from previous attempts of the project, whether they succeeded or failed, and also research competitors attempt at the project. This information would allow a good estimate on launching costs and other additional costs as well as revenue. The most helpful tools I would use to determine project risk would be linear programming and forecasting.
METHODOLOGY 1.0. INTRODUCTION The chapter discusses the tools and techniques which can be used to conduct research to achieve the objectives of the study. The research will use both the qualitative and quantitative research methodologies. This chapter includes research design used, population, and sample size, sampling techniques, data collection procedures and how data was analysed. The chapter also discusses the research techniques, instrumentation, population, strength, weakness of the research.
CHAPTER 3 – METHODOLOGY THE ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS OF MM The author decided to adopt a combination of quantitative and qualitative research methodology, dominated by qualitative research. Not only existing grounded theories will be studied, the author will look into a variety of case studies from an interpretative perspective to understand the realities and all possible factors making an impact. Taking account of the variety of advertising crowdsourcing projects, the quantitative elements will be used to determine the KPIs of these projects. The qualitative elements will be used to study the key metrics for projects to succeed through a variety of case studies to create an in-depth theory. The data collection and analysis will be guided primarily by a grounded theory from an inductive perspective.
(C.R Kothari, 2009 ) According to Clifford Woody Research consists of: • Defining and redefining problems. • Formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions. • Collecting, organising and evaluating data. • Making deductions. • And Reaching conclusions • Carefully testing the conclusions to determine whether they fit the formulating hypothesis.
Among it, the most important are that the results of the study can be generalized to the population where the data is obtained through sampling of individuals to make the results as representative as possible to the target population. It also helps to understand the cost and benefit of interventions and the magnitude and distribution of impacts of some intended programs, and provides first-hand information to analyze on how structural factors that affect different inequalities are produced. The extraneous variables can be controlled so that its effect on erroneous interpretation of validity can be removed. As each method has its own strength, so does their limitations. Some of the usually pronounced weaknesses of the quantitative method are related to difficulties related to sensitive issues like income or sexual practice, and since many groups such as the minorities are difficult to reach, information obtained may be incomplete and/or inaccurate.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.0 INTRODUCTION In this chapter we will discussed the background of the study, problem of statement for the study, research objectives, research questions and significant of study. The main purpose of this study is to identify the factors affecting workforce planning in Majlis Perbandaran Kuantan. In the problem statement, factors that affecting workforce planning will be discussed. The research question will be discussed about the question related with theoretical framework and problem statement in this research. Then, research objective will be guide the information about the research question to pursuit.