One of the most controversial of these is the impact its’ invention had on slavery in America. Instead of slavery becoming obsolete which was the inspiration behind this invention, the cotton gin actually contributed to a massive explosion in the growth of slavery. Whitney thought his invention would decrease the labor involved in production of cotton which in turn would decrease the need for slaves. However, the cotton gin just changed how slaves were used in the production of cotton and did not decrease their need. The cotton gin increased cotton productivity which increased profits for farmers.
After the invention of the cotton gin, only then was cotton a profitable resource to work with. Before this indigo and sugar were some of the top exports. Most of these accounted for a large part of the South’s economic productiveness. If the world economy decided to not need cotton anymore, the South would crumble. Most large leaders in the North and South saw this distinction, and it was heavily credited as the leading factor of the Civil War.
The number of white indentured servants that Virginia had up until the mid 1660s, was enough to meet white peoples labor needs. Slavery was also increasing because you never had to pay the slaves that you owned and the plantations required a lot of labor, so slaves were a lot cheaper than the indentured servants. The profits from tobacco and rice led planters to import enslaved Africans, which made the economy depend on slavery. Although slavery was a morally
Historically oppressed Americans, the poor, female, and nonwhite, began to understand the impact education should have on their lives (The Gilded Age). Education freed the slaves, created a middle class, and decreased corruption in the federal government at the end of the 19th century. However, this new power created new challenges, because earlier forms government targeted those that are not rich or white in new, more covert ways. The cycle of poverty created for these individuals has made them targets to the judicial system now, that only a few are able to get out of with the help of
This labor system reducued their risk when cotton prices were low and encouraged workers to increase production without costly supervision (Of the people, 467). Which ultimately created another advantage for the workers because they were now being rewarded with a share of the land they worked so hard to harvest within a year 's time. Overall I greatly believe that sharecropping was an acceptable way to help achieve economic freedom, especially for the blacks. They no longer had to do indescribable work that in the end did not benefit them, only the owners of the land that they occupied. They were able to acquire a contract that not only benefited them, with the chance to actually have a sense of "owning" land showing independence, but also benefiting the land-owners with them still earning a profit from the portions of land they rented out to the free
The 19th century was an era of dramatic change in the lives of African Americans. By the early 1800s, cotton was the most profitable cash crop, and slave owners focused on clearing lands and securing laborers to proliferate cotton production. The lack of available, fertile land in coastal areas compelled the move into the southern interior, sparking a massive westward migration of planters and slaves. The demands and rewards of the "King Cotton" economy resulted in a fivefold population increase during the first six decades of the 19th century, but it kept the South an unsophisticated agricultural economy. Because it produced few other goods, it needed to import goods from northern manufacturing states; and because prices for cotton fluctuated
Slavery in America How did slavery begin in America and how did it end? Introduction A journey that was about more land and the economy was the two major reason slaves were brought to America. African slaves were useful and valuable and they were worth a lot of money. The reason that slaves were useful and valuable was because they were used as manual labor. The southern America needed laborers to work on large farm dealing with rice, tobacco, indigo, cotton, and sugar cane.
“The WPA taught 400,000 African American women and men to read and write” (Katz). This is a freedom from the effect of the Great Depression because now more African Americans can read and write, unlike when the Great Depression was happening. Again, this is a positive effect of the New Deal because now that these African American men and women can read and write, and they can now get a jobs. The Roosevelt Administration set up the Resettlement Administration to help poor farmers relocate to marginal lands by providing loans (“New Deal”). First, this is a positive effect of the New Deal because it helped poor farmers move to better land to grow better produce to make up for the lost from the Great Depression.
Due to the lack of technological advances at the time, the demand or need for fast, efficient, mass production of agricultural goods was only met by slave labor. Unfortunately, at the time slavery was by far the most efficient method of labor, and it served as a foundation for basic American economics, politics, and social issues. Slavery propelled the United States to the economic powerhouse that it is today largely due to success in the cotton and tobacco industries, so the need for slavery at the time was for rapid economic growth. Slavery at the time was also a huge sign of social status “buying a slave was a way of coming into their own in a society in which they were otherwise excluded from full participation” Buying slaves allowed slaveholders to buy their economic and social independence. The purchase of a
Particularly, cotton had become by far the most important commodity in international trade, as the Old South supplied around three-fourths of the world’s cotton. The largest countries, such as Great Britain, France and Russia depended on this supply. Furthermore, it was cotton capital that allowed the US to pay for imported manufactured goods manufactured goods. However, slave-based manufacturing also led to the appearance of a huge gap between South and North, because South with its slaveholders and slaves remained rather agrarian than industrial territory, because slavery was limiting the growth of industry, discouraging immigrants from entering the region, and inhibiting technological progress. Consequently, slavery had a huge impact on American economic
Southern states justified slavery by using many points. They used the economy, history, religion, legality, social, and humanitarianism. One reason was that if all slaves were freed, there would be a very high unemployment. Another reason the South had was that having slaves would boost the economy. Southern states defended slavery by using history:” Slavery has been legal for a long time before now, so it is a natural thing to do.” On the other hand, the main point was that slaves planting and picking cotton would heavily boost the economy.
Yeoman farmers tended to have more slaves. The landowners became wealthy due to the small amount of money needed to grow a high yield and high-profit product. The only investment the owner may have invested in was a better way to harvest and grow cotton. While the north had many different positions for employment. So many different types of trades were needed for this diverse section of the country.
The booming production of cotton in the south during the 19th century was a vast money maker and supplied for the Southern economy, however, it also caused many set backs. Cotton fueled the economy of the Southern states and arguably the economy of the Northern states as well, and also played a major role in the global economy of that time. Cotton indeed brought great wealth to the Southern states, but only the plantation owners benefitted from this wealth. The rest of the population was left poor, uneducated, and illiterate. Despite the wealth and power that cotton brought to the south, it also brought slavery and thus the Civil War which ultimately left the South weak and powerless.
They also grew cotton as it was a promising crop, but it was difficult for them to get out the unnecessary parts. That is why the invention of the “cotton gin” was very important for the South, as it helped them get out seeds faster than a slave could. Ten years after the invention of the “cotton gin”, cotton became the South’s most important
Eli Whitney 's cotton gin in 1793 made cotton very profitable. Many plantations moved from other crops to cotton increasing the need for cheap labor—slaves. The southern economy strengthened as a one crop economy depending on slavery.