Counseling And Psychotherapy Theory

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Understanding your Personal Concern Using Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories
Thanyamas Saetang
Chulalongkorn University

Understanding your Personal Concern Using Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories
Since I was a child, I have been very quiet and reserved. I always feel a little nervous when I have to talk to stranger or someone I'm not familiar with. However, the main concern that really affects my life is that I’m extremely afraid of public speaking or anything that has to do in front of a lot of people. This includes presentation, interview, answering question in class and every kind of performance or sport. It started to appear since I entered school and it really interferes with my life especially in high school and college.
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The reason I chose this theory is because my anxiety is mainly caused by my own irrational thoughts, impossible expectations and distorted interpretations about these situations just as according to Albert Ellis’s Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) that “people contribute to their own psychological problems, as well as to specific symptoms, by the way they interpret events and situations” (Ellis, 1994, 1999, 2001a, 2001b, 2002, 2008; Ellis & Dryden, 1997; Wolfe, 2007 as cited in Corey, 2013, p. 275). Therefore, the CBT is the most suitable theory to find the right solution as the best way to deal with this kind of problem is to solve it at the root cause, which is to change one cognitive processing; the way one perceives and evaluates life…show more content…
D is the application of methods to help me challenge my illogical beliefs: detecting, debating, and discriminating. Eventually I will arrive at E, an effective philosophy. If I am successful in doing this, I will also create F, a new set of feelings (Ellis, 1994, 1996 as cited in Corey, 2013). Moreover, in order to better resolve this concern, another main methods that I’m going to use are cognitive, emotive and behavioral techniques. For cognitive techniques, I will use these following techniques: disputing irrational beliefs (identify and challenge unhelpful thoughts in a practical way e.g. challenging the likelihood and consequence of the feared event using questions like “How certain am I that I’d do something stupid?”), doing cognitive homework (make lists of my problems, look for their irrational beliefs, and dispute these beliefs) and changing one’s language (“musts,” “oughts,” and “shoulds” can be replaced by preferences). For emotive techniques, I will use these following techniques: rational emotive imagery (imagine myself thinking, feeling, and behaving exactly the way I would like to think, feel, and behave in real life), using humor and shame-attacking exercises (tell myself that it is not catastrophic if someone thinks I am foolish). And I will also use behavioral techniques by testing out my beliefs and gradually improving my situations using some procedures from behavior therapy

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